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Passive Solutions to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Design of a Shopping Mall Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria

Filed in Architecture Project Topics, Current Projects by on September 21, 2020

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Passive Solutions to Increase Energy Efficiency in the Design of a Shopping Mall Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria.

Abstract

The idea that shopping malls exists for all intents and purposes solely for buying and selling has long passed, Malls now boast of far greater scale in terms of both sizes and activities carried on within;

and with such transcendence comes also the need to make it as affordable, comfortable and functional as possible, this is where energy comes into play.

Energy efficiency as the name implies looks at how to reduce its demand, measures on how to both recycle and exploit renewable resources.

The shopping mall is a high energy demand building to be built,  maintained up to its estimated lifespan; which brings about the need to cost effectively enhance and lower fuel cost, curb environmental pollution, reduce demand on non-renewable fuels.

However it is a fact well established that barriers do exist which could be a deterrent to said goal actualization and they appear in forms of economic backing not feeling the payback in a short span of time due to lack of adequate information on its importance and decay of approval of implementation,

Then access to compatible measures which can compromise on appearance of buildings with all the barriers and constraints visible so also are the therapies and this is where the passive measures come into play by applying techniques such as day lighting, cooling,

Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Historically, shopping places and the shopping activities took place in open public spaces within urban and public functions and activities of the city, like ancient Greek Agora or Roman Forum.

After centuries, the enclosed shopping mall separated urbanity and shopping activity from each other. These fully-enclosed and environmentally controlled consumption spaces reinterpreted the urban fabric to simulate a city image and a street-like atmosphere indoors.

According to International Council of Shopping Centres (ICSC, 2008), „A shopping mall is an enclosed collection of a variety of independent retail units, services and parking spaces, which were built and maintained by a separate management.

Inside the walls, a new city was created, where people shop, eat, entertain, sleep, get married or have college education. An example of the Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota.

All these activities are integrated under one roof, with interconnecting walkways to enable people to easily move from one unit to another.

They also provide an atmosphere for the people to socialize. Open space and sustainable design for shopping malls are raising trends in the world.

So, the existing shopping malls are opening, integrating with urban fabric and continually updating themselves to compete with emerging shopping places.

References

African Energy Commission AFREC‟s Approach to Energy Efficiency in Africa: Policy Framework & Technical Programs Dr. Hussein Elhag Executive Director / AFREC WEC Regional Workshop on Energy Efficiency 29-30 June 2009  Addis Ababa, Ethiopian august 2002 gen 14 summary.

A.K. O.A, (2002).Transforming the West African Market for Energy Efficiency Ghana Leads the Way with Mandatory Standards and Label Energy Foundation of Ghana

Ali, Z.F. (2007). Comfort with Courtyards in Dhaka Apartments. BRAC University Journal, IV (2): 1- 6.

Alvarado, J.L., Martınez E. (2008). Passive Cooling of Cement-Based Roofs in Tropical Climates. Energy and Building, 40 (3): 358-364.

Antalsidor (2010). Energy efficiency in shopping malls.Energy use and indoor climate. Technical report D – Department of Building Technology, Building Services Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology; Chalmers Publication Library (CPL).

Architectural Shaping Potential in Energy Efficiency Provision of Buildings Roberts Riekstiņš, Riga Technical University, Ivars Strautmanis, Riga Technical University RTU Publishing House

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