How to Start Cucumber Farming in Nigeria

Filed in Articles by on July 13, 2020

Cucumber farming in Nigeria is a lucrative business venture yet easy to start and maintain. Before starting a business in the area of grassroots farming, it would be wise to explore every aspect.

Cucumber Farming in Nigeria

For example, how does Cucumber farming in Nigeria work? A fair knowledge of this will help in certain strategies which will either make or mar the business at the end of the day. There’s more so tag along.

Now, how can one run Cucumber Farming in Nigeria? Well, though they can only grow in tropical conditions under shielded cultivation and even open fields, they take 36-45 days to germinate after plantation. 

The demanding range can be said to be high as they have many uses like fruiting, salad preparation, and even health-wise benefits. 

It is safe to say growing cucumbers in Nigeria can be less complicated if done right as you don’t even need any special training to do this. All that’s needed is fair knowledge of some farming skills to start right away. 

How Can One Start Cucumber Farming?

When starting a farming business, there are some guides to follow which, if done according to promptness, will yield success.

The same goes for cucumber farming and they are:

1. Make Investigations

It is best and advisable to do proper research to get every detail you need before venturing into this business as it just may save you from any costly mistake.

After doing so, a well-drafted business plan will be the next secret to set you apart from the competition.

2. Find a Good Location

A fertile land in a farming area preferably will be the best location as this is one key that holds success to your cucumber business.

Now, it’s advisable to consider a location with deep well-drained soil and tropical as it will most likely yield bountiful harvest.

3. Start Plantation

After cleaning and tilling the soil, make sufficient plans to apply fertilizer to the land to adequately hydrate it. Next, plant your cucumbers 50 cm apart from one another in a hole that is roughly 2.5 cm deep. 

This will allow the cucumbers to grow without having to compete with one another. Arranging the farms in rows and columns to facilitate simple access for humans or tractors, as the situation may require, is another crucial task.

Making it that way also makes harvesting and occasionally weeding easier.

4. Begin Sales

You entered the industry to make money, not just for fun. Cucumbers have a distinct market value that sets them apart from other vegetables.

It’s almost effortless to sell your cucumber, as all you need to do is let the people know that you are selling it, and they will come running to you.

When planting, the only need to search for different varieties of cucumbers is the type of soil.

Cucumbers are delicious, widely consumed, and remarkably resistant to disease, and they also yield throughout an extended growing season in both hot and cold climates. 

The Cost of Cucumber Farming in Nigeria

In Nigeria, the overall cost of growing cucumbers per hectare can vary from ₦260,000 to ₦540,000, contingent on labor, infrastructure, and input costs.

Some factors sum this amount and the first is the cost per hectare for clearing, plowing, and leveling land can range from ₦50,000 to ₦100,000.

The next to consider would be the price of premium cucumber seeds which can range from ₦20,000 to ₦50,000 per hectare, contingent on the type and source.

One also has to look into the organic or inorganic fertilizers might cost between ₦30,000 and ₦60,000 per hectare, depending on the fertility of the soil.

For the control of pests and diseases, the cost of insecticides, fungicides, and herbicides can range from ₦10,000 to ₦30,000 per hectare.

Then, depending on the amount of labor required, hiring labor for planting, watering, weeding, and harvesting might cost anywhere from ₦50,000 to ₦100,000 per hectare.

The installation and upkeep of drip irrigation systems for water delivery might run from ₦100,000 to ₦200,000 per hectare.

Although costs for marketing tactics, packing, and shipping differ, they should be taken into account for total profitability.

Is Cucumber Farming Profitable in Nigeria?

If done correctly, cucumber farming has the potential to be quite profitable, so the answer to your question is a yes. 

Cucumis Sativus is the scientific name for cucumbers, which come in seedless, slicing, and pickling kinds that can be grown on a little plot of land. It’s safe to say this is a crop that can be well nurtured and yield millions of naira in a matter of months.

Because they are used to produce salads and other foods, fresh cucumbers have a sizable market in Nigeria even though they only grow well in tropical climes.

Certified Nigerian Farmers may be able to make a solid income from growing cucumbers due to the high demand and favorable growing conditions in the nation. Some of the factors that help in cucumber production are a good climate, enough water availability, and rich soil.

In conclusion, with careful preparation, total financial commitment, and effective agricultural techniques, cultivating cucumbers in Nigeria can be a rewarding undertaking.

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