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Legal Work Age in Texas State – Minimum Age Limit
The State of Texas defines the word “child” as related to the workforce as anyone under the age of 18. In order to gain a job under the age of eighteen in the Lone Star State, job seekers must keep to several restrictions.
In this article, I am going to discuss the legal working age in Texas States.
Minimum Age Limit
The minimum hiring age for legal employment consideration includes individuals from 14 and older. Children under the age of 14 may get paid for services rendered if employed as part of a motion picture, theatrical performance, radio production, or television production.
Most of the limitations set forth by the state include limitations on hours young persons may work, industries and occupations young workers may assume, and also types of goods, materials, or machinery individuals between the age of 14 to 17 may use or have access to while employed.
Minimum working ages vary by jurisdiction as well as the type of work involved. Under federal law, teenagers from the age of 14 and above can work in many industries, though state laws may apply additional restrictions.
Federal and state laws also allow individuals to work in certain industries, such as entertainment, at any age. To add to this, some states allow employers to pay a reduced minimum wage to young employees.
Minor Workers’ Hours
In Texas, older minors, meaning 16 and 17 years of age are free to work as many hours as they’d like. But for teenagers between the age of 14 and 15 years old, the state sets some restrictions.
Teenagers between 16 and 17 may not work more than eight hours per day or more than 48 hours in a week.
They’re also forbidden from going to work before 5 a.m. or after 10 p.m. on a day before a school day, which includes summer school sessions.
Furthermore, juveniles in this age bracket may not work past midnight on a day before a non-school day.
The work practices for minors between the ages of 14 and 15 are subject to federal law also. Federal law forbids people that fall between these ages from working during school hours, more than eight hours per day, or more than 18 hours per week.
They may not work more than three hours in a day during parts of the year when school is in session.
Moreover, these teenagers may only work between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. during the school year. Federal law allows young teenagers between the ages of 14 and 15 to work extended hours, up to 9 p.m., from June 1 to Labor Day.
Children in special circumstances or in serious need of earning money due to certain reasons like they are supporting their families, for example, may request exemptions from these rules.
Texas Work Permit Regulations
Texas doesn’t require work permits for teenage workers. A prospective employer that wants a work permit can request a certificate of age for any minors it employs, obtainable from the Texas Workforce Commission.
Proof of age, such as a birth certificate or passport, is needed to get a certificate of age, as is a recent photo of the applicant.
Jobs Available to Texas Minors
Teenagers between the ages of 14 or 15 are limited to doing certain kinds of work in certain types of businesses, which include retail and food service establishments and gas stations.
They can also do office and clerical work, which includes operating office machines such as copiers and fax machines, and can serve as cashiers in some retail locations.
Exceptions would include a store that sells adult merchandise or a company that serves or sells alcohol.
Teenagers between 14 and 15 years old can price merchandise with pricing devices or by hand and can assemble merchandise and also pack it and place it on shelves.
Teenagers of Fourteen- and 15-year-old can’t use power mowers or other cutting machines, but they can use vacuum cleaners and floor waxers as part of cleanup and also maintenance work.
Kitchen work and food preparation are allowed in certain circumstances, including using dishwashers, toasters, blenders, and also coffee grinders. Teenagers between these ages can serve food to customers.
Restrictions placed on gas stations limit 14- and 15-year-old children to working in the following capacities:
- Dispensing gasoline and oil
- Courtesy service on premises of gasoline service station
- Car cleaning, washing, and polishing
Finally, cleaning and wrapping vegetables and fruits are permitted jobs, as is stocking goods on grocery shelves, as long as the 14- and 15-year-old are not handling prepared meat, and aren’t working in freezers or meat coolers.
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