8 Major Challenges of Education Nigeria is Currently Facing in 2024

Filed in Articles by on January 30, 2024

The major challenges of education in Nigeria are many and are ever-increasing by the day. If proper care is not taken, these challenges will eventually cripple the country’s educational system.

Major Challenges of Education Nigeria

When we talk of educational challenges, several things come to mind: inadequate learning facilities, unqualified teachers, examination misconduct, inadequate teachers, and a lot more.

It has been noted that a large number of employed teachers are not fit to teach, this can be one major educational challenge.

These challenges are many, and the discourse below will discuss them in detail.

Challenges of Education Nigeria

Here are the eight major challenges militating against the growth of the Nigerian educational system:

1. Examination Misconduct

In our country, especially at the secondary and tertiary levels, students no longer display their knowledge. When we talk about exams, we are talking about a test to test your knowledge at the end of a term or a semester. But now the rate of examination malpractice in schools is so alarming.

Students‘ poor preparation in examinations causes malpractice, another reason why students cheat, is to meet up considering the high rate of fees. I don’t doubt this. Considering the fees, price of books, and so on, no Student would love to be held back.

It might interest you to know that not only do students misbehave during examinations, but teachers/lecturers are also part and parcel of this misconduct.

2. Inadequate Learning Facilities

Learning facilities are not made available and even if they are, they are not enough for the number of students available, when facilities are not made available the process of learning is being prolonged.

Some schools do not even have structures where students can sit and receive lessons/lectures, it is that bad. This situation goes a long way in hampering the growth of our educational system.

All these facilities are needed for effective learning.

3. Poor Salaries

You may think that teachers are made available all over the world the answer is yes but if you take a good look, these teachers are not qualified and also the few qualified ones we have do not last.

Why? This is because they are not being paid well and the allowances that were to be given to them are not being given. Because of this, they abandon the profession and go for a job that pays well.

I would have done the same in such a case because no one wants to be poor, everyone goes for a job with good pay to be able to cater to his/her needs.

Most schools lack a complete set of teachers. In this case, you will find one teacher teaching more than two or three subjects because there are not enough teachers to carry out this duty.

It is in such cases you will find a Christian Religious Knowledge teacher taking mathematics and so on, while in some schools if these teachers are not available those subjects would not be taught. Most teachers do turn the classroom into a market ground.

They do this because they are not being paid well, so they do this to add to the little they are given at the end of the month. The few qualified teachers are not dedicated because they are always on the lookout for greener pastures.

4. Political Interference

This is another major challenge of political interference: today most institutions are owned by politicians. Parents now use their political influence for the education of their children, which is not the best.

This denies those who are duly qualified and go for the wards whose parents are under authority. This is a very discouraging challenge.

5. Tribalism

This is another problem. You could be wondering how that is a challenge.it is in the sense that admission nowadays is dome based on your tribe.it is rare before you find someone from Akwa Ibom in a school owned by the Igbos.

Even if strangers are being admitted they are treated differently, and this can make the student involved feel very bad. An indigene is more recognized than an intruder.

6. Poor Funding

Due to the high level of corruption in Nigeria, education has suffered inappropriate funding which as a result of has led to poor infrastructure, not just but also owing of teachers’ allowances, and the absence of good teaching facilities.

The severe cuts in government spending due to the decline in crude oil prices have made the poor funding situation of education in Nigeria worse.

As a result of this schools go on strike and most times as a result of this activities in schools are being prolonged and this may also result in a shift in the school calendar.

7. Corruption, Indiscipline and Academic Fraud

Another major problem to talk about here is corruption and indiscipline.

When we talk about corruption, this is seen in higher institutions where cultism is being practiced, and such people would never love to attend lectures and end up bribing to pass an examination and go as far as paying for certificates.

8. Poor Standard of Living.

The bad governance has affected the growth of education in Nigeria. The bad governance in the country has increased the level of poverty.

This is challenging because most parents who are not financially strong may not be able to send their children to school, due to the inability to meet up with the school fees.

Also, the government has not been able to fully deliver its promise of free education, because students are made to buy textbooks at a high rate which is not supposed to be so.

To alleviate the current state of our education, a lot needs to be done. The government needs to step in and do the needful before the situation becomes worse.

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