Work Permit in Germany: How to Get a Work Permit in Germany : Current School News

Work Permit in Germany: How to Get a Work Permit in Germany

Filed in Articles by on July 15, 2020

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Work Permit in Germany: How to Get a Work Permit in Germany.

Work Permit in Germany: Ever wondered how immigrants get to survive in a country they are new in? Are you a German immigrant or planning to immigrate to Germany and need information on how to obtain a work permit in Germany? Then you are in the right place. German employment permit now issued together with their residence permit. Holding a German residence permit allows you to start working in Germany unless their residence title says otherwise.

Work Permit in Germany

 

You will be in great danger if you are ever caught working without a permit card, in fact, not just you but your employer as well and in this case, you are vulnerable as no insurance company can cover you in a case of an accident that demands insurance cover because you have already violated the constitution of the country and by all indications have become an illegal worker. This is due to the fact that no document whatsoever can be used in place of a work permit.

Acquiring a work permit for Germany depends vehemently on your nationality. If you are a citizen of an EU member state, you needn’t apply for one. There are, however, temporary exceptions for citizens of Croatia. They have to get an EU work permit from the Federal Employment Agency. Citizens of other states usually need to apply for a work permit for Germany from abroad, together with their visa. Thus, applying from within Germany is only possible for expatriates from a few selected countries like Canada or the US.

Once you kick off the process, the German diplomatic mission will contact the immigration department (Ausländerbehörde) in Germany. In turn, this office gets in touch with the Federal Employment Agency.

The agency can then approve your application, issue the permit, and submit it to the Ausländerbehörde. From there, it is passed on to the diplomatic mission where you have originally applied for your visa.

If you are interested in possessing a German work permit, then visit the nearest German embassy.

Eligible Foreign Workers in Germany.

Getting gainful employment in Germany involves holding a work permit, as an authorizing document giving the permit to become part of the German labor market. In the way of gaining a work permit, holding a residence permit is a compulsion, as an authorizing document permitting to reside in Germany. 

Before, migrants were obliged to apply for work and residence permits in two different authorities, but recently the procedure is simplified and harmonized through the adoption of a single permit directive of the European Union.

SINGLE PERMIT DIRECTIVE COVERING WORK AND RESIDENCE PERMIT.

Holding a single permit legally authorizes non-EU nationals to work and reside in the EU countries, including Germany, through a single application procedure to a single authority.

The single permit applies for two categories of foreign nationals: 

  • Non-EU nationals who intend to enter Germany for work and residence,
  • Non-EU nationals, already residing in Germany with access to German jobs 

Single permit covers: 

  • Single application procedure for working and residing in Germany,
  • Rights for non-EU workers, equal to German citizens.

Classified Foreign Workers in Germany.

Becoming a work permit holder depends on mainly in the country of origin and its special agreements with the hosting country, i.e. Germany.

Categories of work permit holders in Germany are considered:

Foreign EU citizens, Switzerland, and the European economic area (EEA), i.e. from Liechtenstein, Norway or Iceland.

As for this foreigners category, residence or work permit is not required for living and working in Germany, enjoying the workforce movement freedom. Carrying a valid passport or ID when moving to Germany is the only condition, needed to register at Civil Registry (Einwohnermeldeamt) in the chosen city.

Foreigners from Australia, Israel, Japan, Canada, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand or the USA.

This category of foreigners’ visa is not required to enter Germany. Still, they must immediately register at the local foreigner’s registration authority for a residence permit. This is the only category that can enter Germany without a visa and take the residence and work permit before being employed.

Other non-EU nationals.

As for this category, the visa entrance is needed to enter Germany. The visa application should be accurate and related to the purpose of the stay. The short-stay visa cannot be changed into a permanent residence visa, so it is very important applying for the correct visa.

Upon arrival, nationals of this category must immediately apply for the residence and work permit. Requesting a work permit, they must show evidence of already being employed by a local company, organization or institution.

Categories of Residence and Work Permit in Germany.

The Immigration Act, also known as the “Residence Act” active since 2005 encompasses benefits, conditions, and rules for foreigners who want to reside and get asylum in Germany for different purposes. Immigrants through this act are given comprehensive chances, despite their prospect to get employment.

Residence act important stipulations on migrants’ residence in Germany are:

  • Visa itself is a kind of residence permit, allowing foreign residence in Germany for a certain visa agreed period,
  • For a longer stay in Germany, foreigners can be awarded with a temporary residence permit or settlement permit,
  • Non-EU nationals first time entering in Germany are obliged to carry a visa for the purpose of stay (i.e. work and residence) and upon their arrival, they must require temporary residence permit or settlement permit,
  • Settlement residence permits are issued to individuals who had a temporary residence permit for the past five years and have shown they can fulfill some additional requirements,
  • Settlement residence permits are more likely to be taken by highly qualified workers and EU Blue Card holders,
  • Residence act also recognizes the long-term residence permit is considered comparable to the settlement residence permit,
  • Highly qualified employment of third-country nationals is done through the EU Blue Card Directive, the EU Blue Card which is a comparable card to a temporary residence with a higher likelihood to get a settlement permit.

Entering and residing in Germany on different intensions, a migrant must be entitled to one of these following  residence titles: 

  • Visa pursuant,
  • Temporary residence permit,
  • EU Blue Card,
  • Settlement permit,
  • EU long-term residence permit.

How to Apply for the Single Permit.

It is subject to origin and qualification of the applicant that determines which is the residence title that allows them to work and reside in Germany.

Employment prospects for Academics.

Being an academic with a recognized degree in Germany or holding a degree which is corresponding to a degree in Germany you should apply for the EU Blue Card.

Requiring the EU Blue Card, the applicant must prove being employed with a contract in Germany, in a field related to its qualifications. Besides, the annual salary of the worker contract must reach 48.800 Euros at the minimum.

EU Blue Cardholders are eligible to get the permanent settlement permit after 33 months, then again if proofing that they fulfill the language requirement B1 (Common European Reference Framework for Languages) this residence permit can be obtained earlier, after only 21 months.

Individuals in this category who do not enjoy a work contract, cannot apply for the EU Blue Card from home, but they can move to Germany and search for a job for 6 months. They can only apply for an EU Blue Card after they have been awarded a work contract. If the visa validity has exceeded, the EU Blue Card applicant can stay in Germany until the EU Blue Card application has proceeded.

Non-EU Graduates from German Universities.

Non-EU graduates, so-called international students in Germany, who finished their studies in Germany are similarly eligible to get lawful employment within the country. They can require a residence permit for job-seeking purposes at the Foreigners’ National Authority. This applies if the candidate of this category does not yet hold a work contract in Germany, while the validity of the residence permit under job-seeking purposes is 18 months. Once the candidate has been awarded with a job contract, it becomes an eligible EU Blue Cardholder, but the job given ought to be related to its qualification.

Non-EU Nationals Holding Professional Qualifications.

Non-EU nationals which hold professional qualifications are also eligible to apply for residence and work permit in Germany.

Aspirants of this category can only require a residence and work permit if their qualification is recognized by the Federal State and over, only if they can also prove being awarded a sound work contract related to its qualification. Cases of not having a recognized qualification, the authority for qualification recognition may possibly ask the candidate to get some added training education or practice in Germany to become an eligible applicant for residence and work permit. In such a case, the candidate is eligible to require a limited residence permit under the intention of becoming an eligible residence and a work permit holder. The candidate must apply for the qualification recognition before traveling in Germany using the information in the online portal Recognition Finder.

Non-EU nationals seeking to get professional education and work in Germany.

Non-EU nationals who want to reside in Germany to get a professional education are eligible to do so. The criteria applying for this category is getting a permit from the Federal Employment Agency to reside under this intention. Once the candidate finishes the training, it becomes eligible for the residence permit that Foreign’ National Office issues for residing in Germany up to 1 year under job-seeking purposes. As soon as the candidate reaches the employment contract in a field related to its qualification, it becomes eligible to apply for the proper work permit.

VISA APPLICATION FOR GERMANY JOBS. – Non-EU applicants shall require a visa to enter, work and reside in Germany. Visa will be issued in accordance with regulations for residence and work permits, such as temporary residence, EU Blue Card, permanent settlement permit, or EU long-term residence permit.

Germany Work Permit Requirement.

Today’s technology gives us the opportunity to access well-ranged information, including job vacancies around the globe. Moreover, there is a lot of available information also for specific occupations which greatly relate to one’s qualifications.

SEARCHING FOR JOBS.

There are two options to get a job in Germany, getting a work contract before leaving for Germany or upon the arrival. Whatever the form is, searching online is amongst top opportunities to find a job.

There are diverse online channels with extended information on open job vacancies in Germany.

There are governmental institutions posting open job vacancies:

Also, there are other job-searching online channels:

You can always see if any local employment agency in your country is having information sessions or job fairs for open vacancies in Germany.

You can also get information on German occupations in demand.

How to Apply for Jobs in Germany.

Once you have chosen your preferred job/s to apply in Germany, next you should prepare to apply.  German companies might require you to submit the job application in a hard copy form by post. However, the new trends are changing and due to this many job applications in Germany is done online. In such a case, application documents must be submitted in a PDF form and together as attached documents.

Either way, the required documents for a job application are:

1. THE COVER LETTER.

The cover letter is a letter that helps the employer see all your gained formal and non-formal education and past experience in one or two pages and how they can relate and be an added value to the job you are applying. The cover letter is the letter that is read first by the employer and if presented properly, it provokes it to proceed with checking other application documents. Sometimes a bad cover letter can dismiss your opportunity to get a job.

2. CURRICULUM VITAE (CV).

Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a document that presents detailed information on your education, training, past work experience, personal data, and special skills. EU employers typically require a standardized form of CV known as Europass CV. Make sure to update and filling realistically and properly all the required information in this format. There is an opportunity also to fill the Europass CV online, giving all the needed instructions and samples.

3. EDUCATION.

As an applicant, you must provide all the information on your education. This embraces schools attended, gained university degree/s and grades, professional training, and all other educational activities being involved. All this information must also have proof documents in order to be considered as frank. Likewise, make sure to place this information in chronological order, detaching formal, non-formal, and professional education.

4. COMPUTER SKILLS.

You must state which are the computer competences and especially if any of them pertains to the job you are about to do.

5. LANGUAGE SKILLS.

You must provide the information on the language competencies, listing all the languages you are able to understand, speak and write.

6. OTHER SKILLS AND TALENTS.

Your application will be supplemented if you state your interpersonal skills which can be: verbal and non-verbal communication, listening, negotiation, decision making, problem-solving and further. Also, if having any special talent, even if it does not directly relate to the job, presenting it can make your application more interesting and unique from other applications.

7. CERTIFICATES.

An important part of the application is proving your education, including formal, non-formal and professional. For the application to be properly considered and candidly, certificates you present must be in accordance with the information provided in other parts of the application.

8. ATTENDING THE JOB INTERVIEW.

If selected among other applicants, the company you applied for a job will invite you to attend a job interview. A job interview is a formal meeting with the company representatives, typically human resource officer/s, sometimes an interviewing panel, to discuss in person the information you have provided on your application and further. Companies typically require the candidates to go to the company’s facilities and discuss directly the education, work experience, skills, aptitudes, and more.

A job interview is a proper time for you to influence your future employer that you make a good asset to the company. Consider wearing the proper outfit and haircut and be on time for the interview. Listen carefully to the questions made and take your time to formulate your answer. Make sure the information has a sense of sameness to the information provided in your application. Prepare for the interview through the common job interview questions.

Typically German companies pay the interview costs of the applicant. In case you might not be able to physically attend the interview meeting as you are in your home country, you should write to the company earlier to require a phone or virtual interview. Make sure to present a realistic explanation of your incapability to physically attend the interview and why you are requiring an online interview. In case that company requires your physical presence anyhow, ask the company if you or the company will cover interview traveling and accommodation costs.

Either way, once you have attended the interview it is highly impressive to the company if you write an email thank you letter for the offered opportunity to attend the interview. Within the letter reaffirm key discussions made during the interview, to remind you why you make the best candidate for the job.

What to do When Employed.

Once you have attended the interview, the company notifies you in just a few days if you have been selected or not for the job you applied. If being hired for the job position, the company in a short provides you with the work contract.

The work contract by the company is provided as a legal document of your recruitment, which proves the agreement of you as the employee and the company as the employer to cooperate within contractual terms and conditions. Contracts are mainly in a written form and in order to be valid it needs to be signed by both parties, you and the company. Before signing it, make sure to read all the contract’s articles carefully making sure you agree with all of them.

Work contracts typically have the following sections:

WORK CONTRACT PARTIES – Names and addresses of employee and employer.

WORK CONTRACT TERM – The period of time that the contract is valid.

EMPLOYEE’S PROBATION TIME – The time that you will spend on a company in a probationary period.

EMPLOYEE’S PLACE OF THE WORK – The contract needs to state if you are going to work in the same place or you have to move to different working places during the contract term.

EMPLOYEE’S JOB DESCRIPTION – The contract should state the scope of work and all detailed description of the job you are awarded. Also, the job description might contain the time frame required to be respected for delivering job tasks within the requisite tone.

EMPLOYEE’S SALARY – The contract shall state the wage level, the time of salary receipt, overtime payment, weekend payment, and holiday payments. The salary amount is stated in gross numbers, meaning that taxes, health insurance, social contribution, long-term care insurance, pension, and joblessness insurance will be deducted.

EMPLOYEE’S OCCUPIED HOURS – Employee’s occupied hours. The contract shall state also occupied hours expected to be covered by the employee.

HOLIDAYS – The contract shall state the recognized holidays which permit the employee to go on a work leave.

NOTIFICATION TERM – The contract must also state the given interval to inform the employer for leaving the job, also the employer must warn the employee during the given interval for an earlier contract termination.

JOINT AND WORK AGREEMENTS – Coupled with work agreements often are joint agreements or so-called collective agreements. This applies to special industries that have employer association or trade unions, which can regulate salary, holidays, pluses. In some cases, companies might have an Employee’s Union, which can represent employees’ interests in the company. Typically about these agreements, the information can be taken directly by the employer.

TAXES TO BE PAID AS A FOREIGN WORKER IN GERMANY – As an employee in Germany, you will be subject to pay taxes, equally to German employees. The key tax that employees pay in Germany is the income tax. 

There are several aspects you should know about paying taxes and other fees as an employee in Germany: 

  • If employed in a company, the company takes care of paying your taxes at the tax office from the deducting your gross salary,
  • The company takes care also paying on your behalf your “solidarity tax”, “church tax”,
  • The company, on your behalf, pays your pension, health insurance, and unemployment insurance,
  • Starting from 2014 subject to income tax are salaries higher than 354€,
  • Tax rates are 14% at minimum, up to 45% for higher salaries (for annual salaries 250.730 euros for individuals with single status and 501.460 euros for married individuals
  • Solidarity tax height is 5.5 % of the amount of your income tax,
  • Church tax height varies as they are set by religious groups. However, this tax can be 8%, 9% or more of the amount of your income tax,
  • There are tax reliefs for lone parents and families divided into 6 categories,
  • You pay your income tax on a monthly basis. However, you can require from the government information if you paid more income taxes than ought to and if eligible you will be refunded. This requirement is submitted in a form of income tax declaration.

SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM.

As an employee in Germany, you will be subject to paying social security contributions. These fees are to protect you from any unexpected occurrences such as disease, accidents, unemployment or aging. 

An employee as a part of this social security system can be a subject to any of the following statutory social security groups: 

  • health insurance (ex. Mawista Expatcare)
  • long-term care
  • pension
  • accident insurance
  • unemployment insurance.

SOCIAL SECURITY CARD – Social security card is a card given to all employees in Germany, carrying a social security number in it. Social security number ensures you several social benefits in Germany. Also, in order to register you as an employee, your employer will need your social security number. In case of losing your social security number, you should require from the German pension fund to replace it.

GETTING YOUR PENSION FUND – Being a German employee for a certain period and deciding to return to your home country, you are eligible to require getting your pension from the pension fund for the years you have worked in Germany.

Health Insurance for Freelancers and Employees in Germany.

It is always advisable to obtain working health insurance, which will cover you for up to 5 years and offer full coverage for any emergencies and accidents. This health insurance plan is heavily advised for expatriates.

If you are an ex-pat, then a working health insurance must be purchased before you make any other commitments in Germany. The working insurance is also suitable for Germans traveling abroad since you will be insured in any place you visit. If you are looking for great coverage for a good price, then your working health insurance awaits here!

Get Together with Your Family.

Being a legitimate worker in Germany you can benefit taking or bringing your spouse, husband or children in Germany with you.

Foreign EU Citizens workers in Germany.

They are eligible to bring their family in Germany and they are eligible to live and work too, and they are free from any residence entitlement to do so. 

Foreign Third Country Nationals Working in Germany.

Even that you are a foreigner of a third country, you can be eligible to bring your spouse, husband or children in Germany. 

Before taking your spouse or husband with you in Germany you must: 

  • Be a residence permit or EU Blue Cardholder,
  • Proof of renting an adequate size accommodation for a family,
  • Proof of enjoying money to cover family living costs,
  • Your spouse or husband must be 18 years old at least. 

German language of spouse or husband needs to be elementary in order to become a residence permit holder. However, The German language will not be required if: 

  • You possess an EU Blue Card,
  • You have a job as a qualified worker in Germany,
  • Your spouse or husband holds a university degree,
  • You are a citizen of Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, Republic of Korea, New Zeeland or the USA. 

BRINGING YOUR CHILDREN TO GERMANY.

You can bring your children in Germany and they can receive a German residence permit if: 

  • You and your spouse or husband hold a residence permit,
  • If you are a lone parent, you have the right of custody and the child is up to 16 years old. 

BRINGING YOUR FAMILY IN GERMANY.

You can bring also your family in Germany. The procedure to get the residence permit of family members is the following: 

  • Your family members apply at home German Embassy or Consulate for a residency permit in Germany for the purpose of family reunification,
  • Once your family arrives in Germany you register them at Resident’s Registration Office and at your Foreigner’s Registration Office. 

LIVING AND WORKING ELIGIBILITY FOR MY FAMILY ARRIVED IN GERMANY.

Your family members once in Germany, are eligible to benefit from life and work opportunities in Germany, as they will be holding a residence permit. They are allowed also to access education in Germany, such as high school, higher education, professional education and other sorts of education available in Germany.

Other Benefits of Joining Family Members in Germany.

There are several other benefits for foreign working families in Germany which are: 

  • Benefiting from parental leave,
  • Getting support as a young family
  • And more. 

Incoming Searches.

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CSN Team

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