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A Study of the Sufi Concept of Dhikr as Practiced by Muslims

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A Study of the Sufi Concept of Dhikr as Practiced by Muslims.

ABSTRACT

This project is centres on sufi concept of Dhikras practiced by Muslims in Patigi local government Area. It aimed to present the historical background of Islam and Sufism in Patigi local government, the beginning and development of Dhikr, also its impact with particular reference to Patigi local government Area of Kwara State.

TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE………………………………………………………………………………………………………..i
APPROVAL PAGE………………………………………………………………………………………………ii
DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………………………………………iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………………………………………………….iv
TABLE OF CONTENT…………………………………………………………………………………………v
ABSTRACT……………………………………………………………………………………………………….vi

CHAPTER ONE : INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study…………………………………………………………………………….1
1.2 Scope and Limitation………………………………………………………………………………….3
1.3 Significance of the Study…………………………………………………………………………….3
1.4 Statementof the Research Problem……………………………………………………………..5
1.5 Aim and Objectives……………………………………………………………………………………6
1.6 Methodology……………………………………………………………………………………………..7
1.7 Structure……………………………………………………………………………………………………7
1.8 Literature Review………………………………………………………………………………………8

CHAPTER TWO: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF PATIGI LOCAL
GOVERNMENT AND SUFISM
2.1 Historical Background of the Patigi Local Government Area…………………………12
2.2 The Coming of Islam to Patigi Local Government Area………………………………..14
2.3 The Emergence of Sufism in Patigi Local Government Area…………………………16
2.4 The Beginning of Dhikr in Patigi Local Government Area……………………………18
2.5 The Spread of Dhikr in Patigi Local Government Area…………………………………19

CHAPTER THREE: CONCEPT OF DHIKR
3.1 What is Dhikr…………………………………………………………………………………………..24
3.2 Kinds of Dhikr…………………………………………………………………………………………25
3.3 Special Practice of Dhikr…………………………………………………………………………..27
3.4 The Importance of Dhikr…………………………………………………………………………..28
3.5 The Benefits of Dhikr……………………………………………………………………………….31

CHAPTER FOUR: IMPACT OF DHIKR ON PATIGI LOCAL GOVERNMENT
4.1 The Impact of Dhikr on Youth…………………………………………………………………..35
4.2 The Social Impact of Dhikr on People of Patigi Local Government………………..37
4.3 Economic Impact of Dhikr on People of Patigi Local Government…………………42
4.4 Summary and Conclusion………………………………………………………………………….45
4.5 Recommendation……………………………………………………………………………………..45

 

INTRODUCTION

 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Is a religion of peace that requires absolute total submission to the will of Allah. However, a believer cannot truly be a faithful one except that he follows and submits wholly to the commandments of Allah without personal interest.

When a believer harbours in himself anything contrary to whole reliance and submission to Allah, he has definitely crossed the right path and Shaytan will be his guide and without the total submission to the will of Allah the of a Muslim is incomplete. This is alluded to in the Qur’an thus:

Oh you, who believe, enter into Islam completely and perfectly and do not follow the footsteps of Shaytan. Indeed he is to you a clear enemy.

Moreover,Islam envisages for man a discipline for his life as a whole, material as well as spiritual, but there is no denying the fact that owing to differences of individual temperaments, certain people would specialize on certain things and not in others.

Even if one were to concentrate on spiritual side of one’s existence, one would still remain more or less attached to the other occupation of life for one’s nourishment, for the sake of society of which he is a member in his celebrated expose of his teaching on faith and submission and the best method of these two, prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) defined this last point in the following terms:

The man said: Now tell me about Goodness. Muhammad (S.A.W) said; it is to worship Allah as though you see him, for he sees you although you do not see Him.

This work examines the study of the Sufi concept of Dhikr particularly in Patigi Local Government area of Kwara state.

Patigi is a name of town located to the North East part of Ilorin Kwara state capital on a small hill (meaning Patigi in Nupe). It was one of the important towns in Kwara state.

Patigi served as a gateway to the North, it has a large market center for all the goods coming from North or from the South (Yagba and Yaragi Market).

Patigi was a cross roads town for over three centuries and a war centre in the olden days. But by 1800 A.D after the British conquest the emirate was carved out from the former Nupe Kingdom and it form part of the present Patigi local government area of Kwara state.

Sufism is a distinct way of getting access to the ultimate reality, the source of being through guidance is acquired. Thus, Sufism being one of the most arresting and captivating part of Muslim movements attempts to curb human imitations by approaching the Divine essence many schools have been formed so as to educate the prospective Murid who actually wants to have the mystical knowledge of Allah, though the remembrance of Allah and meditation.

It is hoped that this research will address the issue so directed and contribute to literature on the subject matter.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A Idress, (1982), The emergence of Patigi Emirate, NP.

ImamGhazali and P.W.M., Watt, (1975) The Jewels of the Qur’an, Islamic culture NP.

Abubakar, (2005), The Doctrine and practice of Tijjaniyya Sufi order in Bida,Masaga Publication Nigeria, Bida.

Sambo and M. Higab (1974), Islamic religion Knowledge for Wasc, Islamic Publications,

Mahzar, (2014) Sufism in Islam, Discovery Publishing House P.V.T. Ltd, New Delhi

M.M Al- Sharif (2008) IbnMahja, Dar-Al-Kotob Al-Ilmiyah, Beirut Lebanon.

M.T Al-Hilal and M.M Khan,(1404), Translation of the meaning of Quran in English Language, King Fahd complex, Madinah.

NajimNashabandi (2009), http//www.sheiknazim2.com

S.H. Muhammad (1976), Sahihu Muslim, Lahore Pakistan.

William Stoddart, (1975), Sufism the mystical doctrines and, method Islam, Paragon, New York.

William stoddart, (1966), Faslur-Rahman Islam, London, Warden Field and Nicoloon.

Y.A. Quadr (1981), The Tijjaniyyah in Nigeria, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

 

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