Acceptability of Self-Designed and Constructed Garments for Breast : Current School News

Acceptability of Self-Designed and Constructed Garments for Breast Feeding Mothers in Taraba State

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Acceptability of Self-Designed and Constructed Garments for Breast Feeding Mothers in Taraba State

ABSTRACT

The study on the “acceptability of self-designed and constructed garments for breastfeeding mothers in Taraba was conducted to determine the level of desirability, acceptability, comfort as well as the uniqueness of the garments among breastfeeding mothers.

The study adopted the survey and studio research for both testing of the structured instruments (questionnaires) alongside the five self-designed and constructed specimen garments to collate the data needed for analysis.

The weighted mean value of 3.5 was used as a criterion for accepting the value and vice versa as presented descriptively with frequency and percentage.

Three null hypotheses were formulated to test the level of significance of the research, using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) set at Alpha value of 0.5.

The three hypothesis tested had to following result, (i) F(1,2)=57.608, P=0.000, (ii) F(5,94)=86.898, P=0.000 and (iii) F(3,96)=91.349 P=0.000.

Based on these results, the hypotheses were all rejected and the conclusion that there is a significant difference among the variable tested.

The findings revealed that the designed and constructed garments were highly accepted by breastfeeding mothers as meeting the level of uniqueness, comfortable, privacy and fitting necessary for their usage.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page … … … … … … … … i
Declaration …… … … … … … … … ii
Certification … … … … … … … … iii
Dedication … … … … … … … … … iv
Acknowledgements…… … … … … … … v
Abstract … … … … … … … … … xii
Table of Contents … … … … … … … … xiii
List of Tables … … … … … … … … xi
List of figures – – – – – – – – xii
List of plates – – – – – – – – xiii
Operational Definition of Terms… … … … … … xiv

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – – 3
1.3 Objectives – – – – – – – 4
1.4 Research Questions – – – – – – – 5
1.5 Research Null Hypotheses- – – – – – – 5
1.6 Assumptions of the Study – – – – – – 6
1.7 Significance of the Study – – – – – – 6
1.8 Delimitation of the Study – – – – – – 7

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Conceptual Framework – – – – – – 8
2.1.1 Concept of Clothing – – – – – – – – 8
2.1.2 Concept of Design – – – – – – – – 9
2.2 National Policies to Enhance Uninterrupted Breastfeeding Process – 10
2.3 International Policy to Enhance Uninterrupted Breastfeeding Process 12
2.4 Clothing and Breastfeeding – – – – – – – 16
2.5 The History of Clothing – – – – – – – 18
2.6 Relevance and Functions of Clothing During Breastfeeding – – 20
2.7 Maternity Garments – – – – – – 23
2.8 Clothing Pattern Design and Construction – – – – – 26
2.9 Review of Empirical Studies on Breast Feeding Mothers’ Clothing – 29
2.10 Summary of Literature Review – – – – – – 31

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design – – – – – – 32
3.2 Population for the Study – – – – – – 33
3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Procedure- – – – – 33
3.4 Instruments for Data Collection – – – – – 34
3.4.1 Validity of the Research Instrument – – – – – 34
3.4.2 Pilot Study – – – – – – – – 54
3.43 Reliability of the Instrument – – – – – – 54
3.5 Procedure for Data Collection – – – – – 54
3.6 Procedure for Data Analysis – – – – – 55

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS, DATA PRESENTATION AND
DISCUSSION OF RESULTS
4.1 Presentation of Data – – – – – – – 56
4.2 Test of Null Hypothesis – – – – – – 77
4.3 Summary of Major Findings — – – – – – 80
4.4 Discussion of Findings – – – – – – – 81

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary- – – – – – – – – 85
5.2 Conclusion- – – – – – – – – 86
5.3 Recommendations- – – – – – – – 87
5.4 Suggestion for further Studies- – – – – – 88
References – – – – – – – – 89

INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study

Human beings have always been thinking of how to protect their nakedness, to be comfortable and feel good. From pre-historic time to date, clothing, being one of the basic needs of mankind, has undergone a lot of revolutions; from the using of leaves and animal skin as covers, to weaving of cellulose fibres into fabrics.

In the primitive time, people only thought of covering their private part, mostly from the waist to the knee (Nelson (2002) and Cox and Dittmar (1995).

The top which is the bodice is not given much attention. Clothing moved from the purpose of covering and protection to such things as priesthood, status symbolism and uniforms for identity.

Weber (1990) asserted that clothing is for modesty, psychological desire for adornment for eitherstatus, ceremonial use, group identity, sex attraction or self-expression.

Thus, as knowledge advanced, clothing moved from just to cover nakedness to other functions in life such as weather conditions, occupations and recreations among others.

There are now clothes for specific functions such as rain coat, to protect against rain, sweaters and cardigan to protect against cold, maternity dresses for pregnant women’s comfort and ease.

REFERENCES

Adamu, L. (2007). The Baby-Friendly Initiative Programme: Taraba State. Seminar/Workshop. Min of Health – Jalingo, Nigeria. Pp 12.

Akeredolu, A. M. (2000). History of Nigerian Costume, Pp 11.

Andrew S. (2002), The baby- friendly, Initiative in Community Health Services. U. S. A: Toronto. Pp 9.

Araoye, M. O. (2004) Research Methodology with statistics for Health and social sciences, Nathadex Publishers, Opposite Doctors Quarters. Odo-Okun sawmill, Ilorin, Kwara-state, Nigeria Pp 88.

Ashdown, S.P and O’Connell, E.K. (2006). Comparison of Test Protocols for judging the Fit of Mature Women’s Apparel. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal 24(2), 137 – 146.

Ashelford, J. (2000). A Visual History of Costume: The Sixteenth Century. London and New York: Pp 19.

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