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An Appraisal of Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project (LEEMP) in Enugu State, Nigeria, 2004 – 2009

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An Appraisal of Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project (LEEMP) in Enugu State, Nigeria, 2004 – 2009.

ABSTRACT

Community development has remained one of the major preoccupations of various governments all over the world. In Nigeria, the rural areas, which constitute over 70% of the country’s population and largely made up of poor people, lack the basic infrastructural amenities required to meet basic human needs.

Consequently, government efforts over the years have been directed at how to provide local communities with basic infrastructure as a means of ameliorating their conditions in order to enhance self-reliance, increased productivity, higher income, enhanced political participation, provision of social services and promotion of economic growth.

Since the efforts of various Nigerian government regimes still fall short of achieving the desired developmental objectives in this regard, the World Bank has been assisting her under various programmes, to grapple with problems of poverty, unemployment, infrastructural development, and paucity of social services.

One of such programmes is the Local Empowerment and Environmental Management Project (LEEMP). This study evaluated the efforts of the LEEMP on community development in Enugu State from 2004-2009 with a view to appraising the level of performance achieved by LEEMP’s projects on community development in Enugu state; the factors responsible for that level of performance; and to proffer recommendations for improving LEEMP’s development efforts in the State. Data for the study were generated from both primary and secondary sources.

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study………………………………………………………………….1
1.2 Statement of Problem………………………………………………………………………7
1.3 Objectives of the Study…………………………………………………………………….8
1.4 Need and Significance of the Study……………………………………………………..9
1.5 Scope of the Study…………………………………………………………………………11
1.6 Limitations of the Study…………………………………………………………………..12
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY………………….14
2.1 Literature Review……………………………………………………………………………14
2.1.1 Poverty: Conceptualization, Theories and Causes……………………………………14
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY……………………………………….91
3.1 Type of Research……………………………………………………………………………..91
3.2 Sources of Data……………………………………………………………………………….91

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Performance Level of LEEMP Projects in Enugu State………………………………101
4.2 Factors Responsible for the Level of performance Achieved by LEEMP Intervention Projects in Enugu State……………………… 138
4.3 Ways of Improving LEEMP Interventions and Community Development Efforts in Enugu State……………………………………………………174
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary …………………………………………………………………………………….200 5.2
Conclusions…………………………………………………………………………………..2015.3
Recommendations…………………………………………………………………………..202
BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………………………………213
APPENDIX

INTRODUCTION

Community and rural development has remained one of the major preoccupations of governments of developing countries at all levels (Anyanwaokoro, 2005:167).

The rural areas, which constitute over 70% of the country’s population and largely made up of illiterate peasants, lack the basic infrastructural amenities required to meet basic human needs (Agalamanyi, 2009:154).

For instance, adequately equipped health care centers and hospitals to cater for the health needs of rural communities has remained a far cry resulting in high infant and maternal mortality rates, short life expectancy, weakened labour force and low production output.

Again, the shortage of potable water supply for domestic and industrial uses equally imposes strong limitations on the wellbeing of rural communities as well as
serious challenges to community health.

In the area of transportation, the poor road network has impaired communication and free movement of people and materials, slowed down trade, evacuation of agricultural products for food, industrialization and export, information flow, and networking between peoples involved in development efforts.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adike, A. A. (1992). “Rural Development in Nigeria: An Overview” in M. S. O Olisa and John I. Obiukwu eds. Rural Development in Nigeria, Awka, Mekslink Publishers Nig.

Akude, I. (1992) Traditional Agencies and Rural Development, Oxford, Oxford Univerity Press.

Asen, R. (2002). Visions of Poverty: Welfare Policy and Political Imagination. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press.

Baran, P. (1975). The Political Economy of Neo-Colonialism. London: Heinemann.

Beall J. (1997). A City for All: Valuing Difference and Working with Diversity. London: Zed Books.

Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General System Theory. New York: George Braziller.

Bettinger, F. (1977). How I Raised Myself From Failure to Success in Selling. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Biddle, B. J. (1979). Role Theory. New York: Academic Press,.

Blanchard, O. J. and Fischer, S. (1989). Lectures on Microeconomics. Cambridge Mass.: MIT Press.

Blakely, E. J., and Bradshaw, T. K. (2002). Planning Local Economic Development. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Bracken, P. (2002). Trauma, Culture, Meaning & Philosophy. England: Whurr Publishers.

CSN Team.

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