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An Appraisal of The Legal And Institutional Frame Work On Food Sufficiency in Nigeria

Filed in Current Projects, Law Project Topics by on October 29, 2020

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An Appraisal of The Legal And Institutional Frame Work On Food Sufficiency in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

One of the goals of Nigeria Agricultural Development policy is to achieve for the nation enough food sufficient for the consumption and utterly reduce the rate of dependency on imported foods, with the view of ensuring adequate and affordable food for all.

This research work is aimed at evaluating food sufficiency situation in Nigeria looking at the intervals between 1991-2016. This research reveals that there is a shortfall in locally produced food.

Taking into account the total population of Nigeria to 3.2% whereas the ratio of domestically produced food has been reduced to 1% which is an indication that the demand for food is far reached and higher than the supply for such food.

Some of the identifiable factor responsible for this include,inconsistency in government policies, corruption, environmental degradation and unsuitable agricultural produce, therefore this research reveals that Nigeria solely depends to a great extent on imported food.

Finally this study equally reveals various government policies, institutions and legal framework on achieving food sufficiency in Nigeria.

This research work adopted analytical and comparative approaches in the analysis of relevant materials to the research contained in Nigeria and other international legislations, decided cases, journals, articles, newspapers and magazines including other relevant internet sources.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Tittle                                                                                                                                         i

Certification                                                                                                                            ii

Approval                                                                                                                                 iii

Dedication                                                                                                                              iv

Acknowledgements                                                                                                               v

Abstract                                                                                                                                  vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                                 vii

Table of Cases                                                                                                                        ix

Table of Statutes                                                                                                                    x

List of Abbreviations                                                                                                            xi

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study                                                                                        1

1.2       Statement of the Problem                                                                                       2

1.3       Objective of Study                                                                                                     2

1.4       Scope of the Study                                                                                                     3

1.5       Significant of Study                                                                                                   3

1.6       Methodology                                                                                                               3

1.7       Definition of Terms                                                                                                   7

CHAPTER TWO

HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF THE REGULATION OF FOOD PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

2.1       Introduction                                                                                                                    12

2.2       Method of Food Production in Nigeria                                                                      12

2.3       Factors Affecting Food Production                                                                             16

2.4       The Global Perspective on Environmental Pollution                                              22

2.5       Pollution from Oil Spillages                                                                                          25

CHAPTER THREE

THE ROLE OF LAW IN ENSURING FOOD SUFFICIENCY IN NIGERIA

3.1       Introduction                                                                                                                     28

3.2       The Land Use Act and Food Security in Nigeria                                                       29

3.3       The Effect of Land Tenure Practice on Agricultural Production in Nigeria        30

3.4       The Effect of Revocation of Right of Occupancy on Agricultural Practices         33

3.5       Institutional Framework and Government Polices towards   Ensuring

Food Sufficiency in Nigeria                                                                                             34

3.6       Legal Framework on Food Sufficiency                                                                        43

3.7       International Framework on Food Sufficiency                                                          44

CHAPTER FOUR

SELECTED JURISDICTION

4.1       Food Security and Legal Framework in Japan                                                           46

4.2       United States of America                                                                                                50

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Conclusion                                                                                                                    58

5.2       Recommendations                                                                                                      59

BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                                                                                 61

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Anyanwu, J.C. et al (1997). The structure of Nigeria Economy (1960-1997) Onitsha Joanee Educational Publishers Ltd.

Ijere M.O. (1983). Nigeria Agricultural Policy and Planning: Port Harcourt. University Press, Port Harcourt.

Metu, A., Kalu U.C. and Ezenekwe, R.U. Demographic Pattern and Sustainable Development in Nigeria Awka Fab Anieh Nig. Ltd., p. 129-140

Mulgan, A.G. (2016). Japan Agricultural Policy Regime. New York: Routledge  Publishers.

Abdulahi, A. Food sufficiency in Nigeria How close are we? 2008 p. 4-6, a paper presented at the Federal Radio Corporation Annual Lecture Abuja

Adeoti, J. Economics Crisis in Developing Countries the Food Dimension, Illorin Journal of Business and Social Science 1989

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