Antimicrobial Property of Bridial Macrantha Extracted By Various Solvents : Current School News

Antimicrobial Properties Of Bridial Macrantha Extracted By Various Solvents

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Antimicrobial Properties of Bridial Macrantha Extracted by Various Solvents.

INTRODUCTION 

Plants remain the most common source of anti-microbial agents. Their usage, as traditional health remedies, is the most popular for 80 % of world population in Asia, Latin America and Africa.

Herbs are reported to have minimal side effects. In recent years, pharmaceutical companies have spent a lot of time and money in developing natural products extracted from plants, to produce more cost effective remedies that are affordable to the population.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The rising incidence in multidrug resistance amongst pathogenic microbes has further necessitated the need to search for newer antibiotic sources. Several members of the genus Bridial are being used traditionally for wide variety of ethno-pharmacological properties.

The plant of Bridial macrantha Nees (Lauraceae), commonly known as Gulmau, is a large tree grows up to 27 m in height, found in Bihar and Deccan peninsula (Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India). The bark is used in pleurisy, asthma and rheumatism.

The leaves are also used externally in the treatment of ulcers. The bark of Bridial macrantha Nees has a pleasant odour, is cheap substitute for cinnamomum iners. The bark is a rich source of mucilage. Anti-inflammatory activity of bark has also been reported.

As a result of indiscriminate use of antimicrobial drugs in the treatment of infectious diseases, microorganisms have developed resistance to many antibiotics.

There is need to develop alternative antibiotic drugs from natural origin. One approach is to screen local medicinal plants which represent rich source of novel antimicrobial agents.

REFERENCE

Masola M.K. et al. (2009) Antibacterial Activity of Allium sativum L. on Pathogenic Bacterial Strains. Global Veterinaria Vol.4 (5): 519-522.

Atawodi W. et al. (2003) Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of extracts from Artemisia herba alba Asso. leaves and some phenolic compounds. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 4(13), 1273-280.

Grare C. et al. (2008) Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Westen Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers, USA 315-316.

Das G. et al. (2010) Photochemical Screening, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of Anabasis aphylla L. Extracts. Kragujevac Journal of Science 34, 71-78.

Nitta S. et al. (2012) Review on cancer and anticancerous properties of some medicinal plants. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Vol. 5(10), 1818-1835.

Harborne R. (2014) Withania somnifera: A Rejuvenating Ayurvedic Medicinal Herb for the Treatment of various Human ailments. International Journal of PharmTech Research Vol. 3, No.1, 187-192.

Pichersky F.T. and Gershenzon I. (2012) Medical Microbiology. Ed. 4th. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. USA.

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