Appraisal of The Efficacy of The Electricity Power Sector Reform Act : Current School News

Appraisal of The Efficacy of The Electricity Power Sector Reform Act (Epsra)

Filed in Current Projects, Law Project Topics by on May 17, 2022

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Appraisal of The Efficacy of The Electricity Power Sector Reform Act (Epsra).

ABSTRACT

Nigeria’s electric power sector requires substantial reform if the country’s economic development and poverty alleviation program is to be realized.

Currently, the country faces serious energy crisis due to declining electricity generation from domestic power plants which are basically dilapidated, obsolete, and in an appalling state of disrepair, reflecting the poor maintenance culture in the country and gross inefficiency of the public utility provider.

The government encouraged the private sectors to invest into the electricity industry so that, the monopoly created by the NEPA could be demolished and at the same time, some independent power producers could enter into the electricity sector.

This understanding is behind the introduction of the Power Sector Reform Act 2005 which was recently initiated by the Nerian government with the goal of privatizing the National Electric Power monopoly, NEPA.

Age long principles of democratic governance, of sovereignty belonging to the people, the people’s entitlement to participate in their governance and most importantly from the point of view of the topic of this paper, that security and the welfare of the people are the principal aim of government, form the theme of the provisions of section 13 of the 1999 Constitution.

In Section 16 of the same Constitution, the second aim of government of ensuring the welfare of the citizens seems to be pointedly enjoined as the state is mandated therein to harness national resources and promote national prosperity and an efficient,

dynamic and self-reliant economy which it shall control to secure maximum welfare, freedom and happiness of the citizens and without truncating the rights of individuals to participate in the major economic areas.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –             i

Approval Page –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Certification – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –         iii

Dedication –   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –           iv

Acknowledgements – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        v

Abstract –      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –             vi

Table of Contents –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –       vii

List of Statutes –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –          ix

Table of Cases –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –           xi

List of Abbreviations –         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        xii

CHAPTER ONE

 INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –           1

1.2       Statement of the Problem –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –         6

1.3       Aim/Objectives of Study      –        –        –        –        –        –        –           6

1.4       Methodology –         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                 7

1.5       Significance of Study –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –             7

1.6       Scope of Study –       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                7

1.7       Literature Review –    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –             8

1.8       Organizational Layout –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –         10

1.9       Definition of Terms –  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –            11

CHAPTER TWO

 EVOLUTION OF NIGERIAN POWER SECTOR

 2.1      Discovery of Electricity –      –        –        –        –        –        –        –              13

2.2       History of Electricity in Nigeria –      –        –        –        –        –        –        14

2.3       The Electric Power Reform in Nigeria-        –        –        –        –        –     15

2.4       Privatization   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                   19

2.5       Advantages/Disadvantages of Privatization – –        –        –        –        – 22

2.6       Privatization Consideration    –        –        –        –        –        –        –          23

CHAPTER THREE

THE IMPACT OF THE POWER SECTOR REFORM ACT ON THE NIGERIA POWER CONSUMERS

3.1       Implementation of the Reform in Nigeria –   –        –        –        –        –        24

3.2       Competitive Market – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                   28

3.3       Market Rules –          –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                      30

3.4       Challenges-    –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                         38

3.5       Impact of the Reform to the Consumer/Country –    –        –        –        –    41

3.6       Consumers Right/Obligations –        –        –        –        –        –        –             43

3.7       Consumers Protection Standard –     –        –        –        –        –        –             45

CHAPTER FOUR

LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

4.1       Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 –       –        –        –        47

4.2       Electric Power Sector Reform Act 2005 –    –        –        –        –        –               48

4.3       Nigeria Electricity Regulatory Commission – –        –        –        –                      50

4.4       Rural Electrification – –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                         56

4.5       Other Relevant Legislation –  –        –        –        –        –        –        –                       57

CHAPTER FIVE

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Conclusion –   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –             59

5.2       Recommendations      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        59

Bibliography   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –                         61

BIBLIOGRAPHY
 Oni, A, ‘The Nigerian Electric Power Sector Policy Law Negotiation Strategy (Business Carmel and Fearon Publish in Lagos Aurthorhouse, 2013) P 1-9
Lawson, K, ‘Emerging issue in Nigeria’s Energy Sector’ (published in business Day of the August, 2004)
KPMG, ‘The Guild of Nigeria Power Sector’ (Published in Mbeyi & Associates Nig Ltd, Okota, Isolo, Lagos, 2013).
Latham, & Watkins, ‘Nigerian Power Sector Reforms: Opportunities and challenges for investment’ (Lagos Concept Publication Ltd, 2011).
Manafa, N, ‘Electricity Development in Nigeria’ (Lagos, Nigeria: Ralsheen Publishers, 1995)
 Okoro, O I, and Chukwuni, E, ‘Brief comprehensive Analysis of the power sector’ (Plenergy in Southern Nigeria, 2007)   

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