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Assessment of Community Participation in The Karu Urban Upgrading Project

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Assessment of Community Participation in The Karu Urban Upgrading Project.

ABSTRACT

The community-based urban development project in Karu delivered some basic municipal facilities in the beneficiary communities but it was not clear whether these gains have resulted from effective community participation and partnering in the project.

The main objectives of the research were to assess the community participation component in the Karu project and identify the factors that explained the level of community participation that has occurred.

The study sourced data on the level of community awareness in the project and community involvement in project implementation activities. Household survey and stakeholders interviews were used to gather data for the study.

The study also explored official documents and reports on the project. Simple description and interpretation of the response patterns to survey and interview questions was used to draw inferences on summarized data.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract i
Table of Contents ii
List of Tables/ Figures/ Plates/ Appendices v
Definition of Terms viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Statement of Research Problem 3
1.3 Aim and Objectives 4
1.4 Justification for the Research 5
1.5 Scope of Study 6
1.6 Study Area 6
1.6.1 Location 7
1.6.2 The People 10
1.6.3 Karu Economy 10
1.6.4 Administrative Structure 11
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Participatory Approach and World Bank Community-Based
Interventions 12
2.1.1 Classification of Participatory Approaches 13
2.1.2 Defining Community Participation 15
2.1.3 Benefits of Participation 16
2.1.4 Levels of Participation 17
2.2 Community Participation for Sustainable Urban Development
Projects 21
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1 Data Requirement and Sources 54
3.2 Method of Data Collection 56
3.2.1 Sampling Frame and Size for Household Survey 56
3.2.2 Sampling Technique for Household Survey 57
3.3 Interviews with Community Leaders and other Stakeholders 60
3.4 Method of Data Analysis, and Presentation 60
CHAPTER FOUR: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Level of Community Awareness on the Project 62
4.1.1 Community Awareness on the Project at Preparation Stage 62
4.1.2 Community Awareness on the Project at Implementation Stage 64
4.2 Quality and Channel of Information on Project Activities 66
4.3 Community Involvement in Subprojects Implementation Activities 69
4.3.1 Nature of Community Involvement in the Project 69
4.3.2 Community Involvement in Subprojects Implementation Activities 73
4.4 The Extent of Community Participation in the Karu Project 88
CHAPTER FIVE: RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Recommendations for Future Interventions 97
5.2 Conclusion 98
REFERENCES 100

INTRODUCTION

Rapid urbanization, increasing urban poverty and the declining capacity of municipal government to cope with demands associated with increased in-migration has manifested in deteriorated environmental and physical conditions in many urban areas.

With more than 47 per cent of the world‟s population already urban, and estimates showing that about 60 percent will be by 2030( UN Habitat,2003), the challenges of access to basic urban infrastructure and services remains a daunting task, especially in developing countries where according to Manuel(1983), the fastest and most dramatic process of urbanization is taking place.

REFERENCES

Arnstein, S.(1969). A ladder of Citizen Participation. In Wood M., Resident Participation in Urban and Community Renewal, Melbourne; AHURI, p.2

Bhatnagar, B and Aubrey C. W (eds.) (1992). Participatory Development and the World Bank: Potential Directions for Change. In Marilee K.(2000). Monitoring and Evaluating Stakeholder Participation in Agriculture and Rural Development Projects: A Literature Review.

Botchway, K. (2001). Paradox of Empowerment: Reflections on a Case Study From Northern Ghana. In Ghazala and Rao(2004), Community-Based and Driven Development: A Critical Review (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3209). Washington DC: The World Bank.

Bowen, J. R. (1986). On the Political Construction of Tradition: Gotong Royong in Indonesia. In Ghazala and Rao(2004), Community-Based and Driven Development: A Critical Review (World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3209). Washington DC: The World Bank.

Buba, H. B. (1998). Housing for the Urban Poor: An Evaluation of Makama Project, Bauchi. Unpublished BURP project, ABU, Zaria, Nigeria. CASSAD (2001). In: Yari, K.,

Barka, M. and Ma-aruf, S. (2002). Technical Report on Karu: Governance and Management Institutions, Land Use Management, and Urban Services Management. A Karu Cities Alliance Initiative.

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