Ads! Gain 200 Level Admission to Study Any Course In Any University Of Your Choice Through IJMB/JUPEB. NO JAMB | LOW FEES. Registration In Progress. Call 07063900993 NOW!

Bioconversion of Urea and Methionine Supplemented Sorghum Beer Residue into Protein Biomass for Broiler Rations

ADS! Download JAMB CBT Software Now for FREE!

Bioconversion of Urea and Methionine Supplemented Sorghum Beer Residue into Protein Biomass for Broiler Rations.

ABSTRACT

In a laboratory study aimed at determining the effect on nutrient composition of sorghum beer residue (SBR) supplemented with urea and methionine and passed through a 2nd fermentation process.

Four (4) levels of urea (0.5,1.0,1.5 and 2.0%) and four (4) levels of methionine (0.29, 0.33,   0.37, and 0.41%)were mixed which resulted in a total of sixteen

(16) urea to methionine mixing ratios. Sixteen (16) samples of SBR were treated with the 16 urea and methionine ratios and subjected to 4 days fermentation with bovine rumen liquor as inoculum.

SBRsupplementation with urea to methionine ratio of 1.5: 0.37 % after 4 days fermentation resulted in significant increase in protein biomass from 21.73  to 38.19%.

The protein biomass produced contained all the essential amino acids which were superior compared to those of groundnut cake (GNC) and other feed ingredients.

In an experimental trial, the effect of feeding urea and methionine supplemented and refermented SBR (RSBR) at 0, 25, 50, 75 and 100% replacement levels in broiler chickens starter and finisher diets were investigated.

Five dietary treatments were formulated to be iso-nitrogenous and iso-caloric to provide 23 and 20.5% crude protein (CP) for starter and finisher diets respectively.

Three hundred and forty-five (345) day- old broiler chicks (Zam breed) were randomly allocated to 15 pens in groups of 23 birds per pen.

The five diets (replicated three times) were randomly allocated to the pens of broilers on deep litter concrete flooring.

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

According to Food Security Guide (FSG) (2011), over one billion people experience the hardship that hunger imposes. Today these figures continue to rise even amidst the riches of the 21st century.

With the increasing population growth, economic instability and climate change, today food security has become an urgent challenge for national and global governance.

When the FAO Cereal Index doubled in 2008 according to Community Food Security Coalition (CFSC) (2011), food security became a global crisis.

That the world’s poorest household spends 60- 100% of their income on food; without any mechanism to cope with rising prices other than to reduce the volume or nutritional quality of their consumption.

At the 2009 World Summit on food security, richer countries were called to reorganize their misplaced priorities in order to tackle global food insecurity.

Despite many similar political commitments, the number of people lacking access to minimum diet rose from 824 million in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) baseline year 1990 to 1,020 million in 2009 (CFSC, 2011).

REFERENCES

Beal, J.D., P.H.Brook, and H. Schulze, (1998b). The hydroxylation of protein in raw and autoclaved soya bean meals by a micro protease. In British Society of Animal Science Winter Meeting, Scarborough, U.K. Pp. 167

Barry,  S.  (2006).  The  Farming  Handbook,  ACTA.  Sharing  knowledge,  improving  rural livelihoods. University of KwaZulu-Natal Press. 431pp

Bedford, M.R., H. L. Classen and G. L. Campbell. (1991)The effect of pelleting,  salt  and  pentosanase on the viscosity of intestinal contents and the performance of broilers  fed  rye. Poultry Science 70: 1571–1577.

Bedford, M.R.  and  H.  L.  Classen.  (1992).  Reduction  of  intestinal  viscosity  through  manipulation of dietary rye and pentosanase concentration is effected through changes in the carbohydrate composition of the intestinal aqueous phase and results in  improved   growth rate and food conversion efficiency of broiler chicks. Journal of Nutrition 122: 560–569.

Bedford, M.R. and H. L. Classen (1993). An in-vitro assay for prediction of broiler  intestinal  viscosity and growth when fed rye based diets in the presence of exogenous enzymes. Poultry Science. 72: 137-143

Bello, A. O. (1984).The use of Agro-industrial by-products in livestock feeding. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 11(1):22-30

Enter your email address:

Delivered by TMLT NIGERIA

Join Over 3,500 000+ Readers Online Now!


=> FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM | FACEBOOK & TWITTER FOR LATEST UPDATES

ADS: KNOCK-OFF DIABETES IN JUST 60 DAYS! - ORDER YOURS HERE

COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: ,

Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: