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Combination of Digital Technology with Manual Method of Printing to Achieve Precision for Home Textiles

Filed in Current Projects, Industrial Design by on October 8, 2020

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Combination of Digital Technology with Manual Method of Printing to Achieve Precision for Home Textiles.

ABSTRACT  

This study is on the combination of digital technology with manual method of printing to achieve precision for home textiles.

The study was conceived within the periphery of adopting the use of computer software such as CorelDraw Design Package and Photoshop Element in developing design concepts, repeat patterns and conversion of designs into lines for precise development of the designs and finally converted to some aspect of home textiles.

The research problem was to address the common printing problems and challenges like over-exposure (loss of detail), misfitting of the designs, difficulty of registering screens, uneven ink deposits, and colour smear, among others.

The research was aimed at achieving precision in the designing and registration of patterns for home textiles by manipulating the stencil method of printing through the combination of digital technology for easy drafting of designs and tracing of patterns after the manually generated sketches might have been scanned into the computer.

This research used the experimental and studio practise research methodology and the findings were derived through the objectives and research questions of the study.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page………… i
Declaration…………… ii
Certification…………….. iii
Dedication………….. iv
Acknowledgements……………… v
Abstract…………………. vi
Table of contents………………… vii
List of Plates…….. xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study ……….. 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem……….. 4
1.3 Aim of the Study…….. 4
1.4 Objectives of the Study ……. 4
1.5 Research Questions…….… 5
1.6 Justification………….. 5
1.7 Significance………. 6
1.7.1 Educational Significance……… 6
1.7.2 Aesthetic Significance ………… 6
1.7.3 Technical Significance……….. 7
1.8 Delimitation……… 8

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction……………….. 9
2.2 Historical Evidence of Textile Printing ……. 9
2.3 Historical Background of Stencil and its Techniques……… 13
2.4 Stencil Method of Printing………… 16
2.5 Relevance of Computer Aided Design in Textile Design….. 17
2.5.1 Advantages of Computer Aided Design in Textile Design…….. 19
2.5.2 Disadvantages of Computer Aided Design in Textile Design…….. 20
2.6 Types of Printing……….. 20
2.6.1 Stencil Printing…………….. 20
2.6.2 Screen Printing (Flat Screen)………………..… 25
2.6.3 Rotary Screen Printing………….. 28
2.6.4 Roller Screen Printing……………… 30
2.6.5 Heat Transfer Printing…………… 30
2.6.6 Digital Textile Printing…………. 31
2.6.7 Discharge and Resist Printing……… 32
2.6.8 Pigment Printing……….. 33

CHAPTER THREE: MATERIALS AND METHODS
3.1 Introduction………. 35
3.2 Samples and Sampling Technique ……… 35
3.2.1 Sample frame ………… 35
3.2.2 Sample size ………. 36
3.3 The Method used in The Study……… 36
3.4 Research Design……… 36
3.5 Materials ……….. 37
3.6 Methods……….. 38
3.6.1 Manual Production of Sketches and Swatches…….. 38
3.6.2 Production of Computer Aided Sketches and Swatches……… 46
3.6.3 Combined Procedure to Achieve Precision of Home Textiles Design .50
3.6.4 Development of Stencils from Computer Generated Designs ……. 53
3.6.5 Mixture of Textile Inks………. 57
3.6.6 Preparation of Fabrics for Printing ……… 58
3.7 End Use……………….. 59
3.7.1 Quilting Techniques………….. 59
3.7.2 Transferring the Quilt Design……… 60
3.7.3 Machine Quilting……….. 61
3.8 Analysis …………. 62

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS
4.1 Introduction………… 63
4.2 Results ………..… 63
4.2.1 Printing Production of the Wall Hanging and Table Cover Design………… 53
4.2.2 Printing of the Curtain Design (Door, Window and Demarcation)…….. 65
4.2.3 Printing of the Bedding Accessories (Bed Spread, Throw Pillows, and Pillow Cases)… 70
4.3 Home Textiles End Use Products………. 75
4.3.1 Patterning and Production of Quilted Wall Hanging and Table Cover..…. 75
4.3.2 Patterning and Production of Curtains …………. 76
4.3.3 Patterning and Production of Quilted Bedding Accessories …… 77
4.3.4 Heating of the Printed Fabric……….. 79
4.4 Findings and Observations ………….. 81

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.0 Introduction ……. 84
5.1 Summary…………. 84
5.2 Conclusion……… 85
5.3 Contribution to Knowledge …….. 85
5.4 Recommendations…………86

REFERENCES………… 87

INTRODUCTION  

Textile printing is another part of wet technology, a wet printing process that employs the use of thickened dye or pigment print paste. It is carried out after pre-treatment of fabric or after dyeing of the fabric.

Thomas (2007), described textile printing as, localized dyeing that is, dyes or pigments are applied locally or discontinuously to produce the various attractive designs on fabric.

According to Helmut (2001), “the main objective of printing is the production of attractive designs with well-defined boundaries made by the artistic arrangement of a motif or motifs in one or more colours.”

Helmut (2001), further stated that, textile printing involves the production of a predetermined coloured pattern on a fabric, usually with a definite repeat.

In a technical approach, printing can be considered as localized dyeing. Thomas (2007), stated that, in textile printing, each different colour or print paste is opaque and placed on the fabric individually.

REFERENCES

Abdulrahman (2011). “Exploration of Textile Screen Printing Cottage Enterprises in
Kaduna Metropolis” Unpublished M.A Thesis, Department of Industrial Design, ABU
Zaria.

Afolabi, A.M (1993), “Introduction to Research Methods for Writing Proposals, Projects and
Thesis”. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.

Andy, (2002), “The Andy Whorl foundation for visual arts” Archieved from the original on
January 9, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2001.

Banjoko, C.H. (2000), Visual art made easy, Movic Publication Co., Lagos.

Birrell, V. (1993), The Textile Arts, Schocken Books, New York.

Bishop A. and Lord C. (1985), “The Art of Decorative Stenciling”, retrieved 20th June, 2015
http//www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Stencil.html

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