Ads: Get Admission into 200 Level and Study any Course in any University of Your Choice. Low Fees | No JAMB UTME. Call 09038456231

Creation of Play Sculptures Using Gourd Fruit Forms


Creation of Play Sculptures Using Gourd Fruit Forms.


The gourd fruit (Calabash) is a cultural symbol in Nigeria It is also a decorative item, local musical instrument and even used as kitchen utensil. The gourd fruit form might have been used as a public sculpture to either reflect or symbolize some cultures in Nigeria, but not as yet considered to equally serve as a play sculpture. Cultural objects of this kind are rear items to young Nigerians especially in the urban areas in Nigeria. Not many people are familiar with it.

They are rather more familiar with the foreign objects they see around them, particularly in their school playgrounds where they play. Reason could be due to the dependence of foreign play forms or creation of conventional play forms that are not characterized with themes that promote the cultures in Nigeria. As a result, the tendency for the lack of appreciation of Nigeria‟s cultural elements or cultural symbols by young Nigerians is likely to become prevalent.

The aim of the study is to produce marquette for play sculptures with Nigerian indigenous elements derived from the three-gourd fruit form (ShantuLudayi and Gora). The objectives are to; (i) produce static play sculptures derived from the gourd fruit form (ii) create mobile play sculptures derived from the gourd fruit form (iii) use gourd fruit forms to produce play sculptures in abstract form. The method employed for this research is the Practice-Based Research.

It was observed through the findings that gourd fruit forms can be transformed into the creation of play sculptures in various ways and these include the static, the mobile and the abstract play sculptures. Deriving from the inherent features of the LudayiShantu and Gora gourd fruit forms, it also reveals how it is possible to produce a variety of functional large sized play sculptures which can serve as a symbol of cultural identity for the citizens of Nigeria. 


It is said that all work without play makes Jack a dull boy. A child learns fast through playing. Play develops the child‟s psychomotor, cognitive and emotional activity and sense of developmental ability to be creative. As opined by Kellock (2015) “through play, children develop the neurological building blocks essential to further learning and growth. They form connections, build social and emotional skills, and develop positive long-term attitudes to discovery”.

The author affirms that “play is not an alternative to learning; it is not a diversion from learning. Rather, it provides the foundation for learning and has an important role in shaping a child‟s capacity for, and towards subsequent learning”. In spite of this, it appears there are many schools and homes in urban and rural areas across Nigeria without or with only a few play forms. Reasons for this could be financial constraint, ignorance or sheer negligence on the negative effect it has on the growth of a child.

People generally respond or relate easily with objects they are familiar with. Eyal (2015) states that “people don‟t want something new, they want the familiar done differently”. However, it appears as if the few play grounds in Nigerian schools, homes and recreational centres mostly have play forms created with foreign materials and designs or imported from outside the country, having the type of objects that Nigerian children are not familiar with because they are not found in their environment. 


Ada, P.O. (2006): A comparative Study of Idoma Traditional and Contemporary Hand
Crafted Fabric Weaving Technique, PhD. Dissertation; Department of Industrial
Design, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. p5.

Armstrong W. P. (1996) The wild and Wonderful World of Gourds. Wayne‟s world Vol
5, No3, p.2.

Asogwa, I.F. (2016) An exploration of Sculpture forms in Installation form
Contemporary conceptions of Omabe. (PhD). Thesis, Fine Arts Department,
Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, p.55.

Badaru, A.K. and Ogunsina, R. (2014) Sculpture as Impetus Towards National Security
and Transformation. Journal of the Vocational and Technical Education: Federal
College of Education, Osiele, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria, p.40.

Beckwith, J. (2015) Coming Together to Protect Play: Play and Playground Magazine.
Retrieved from on June 7, 2016

Bolt, B. (2006). Materializing Pedagogies. Working Papers in Art and Design. Vol.14.
Retrieved From on July30, 2016.

Clarkson D. (2013) Creativity and Cognition (Practice Based Research), Retrieved from on
November 12, 2015. p.1

Dingba, A. S (2016) A Metaphoric Transformation of the Pawpaw Tree into Female
Forms in Painting. (PhD). Thesis, Fine Arts Department, Faculty of
Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.p.65.

Eakin,R. (2008) Gourd Carvers of Nigeria. Retrieved from html on February 2, 2016.

Eyal, N. (2015) People Don’t want Something Truly New, they want Familiar done
Differently Retrieved from on October 7, 2016.

Galston, B. (2015). Environmental Sculpture: Somerville Open Studios. Retrieved
from… on November 10, 2015

Irivwieri, G.O. (2009) Arts and Crafts as Springboard for Sustenance and
Industrialization in Nigeria. In International Journal of Creativity and Technical
Development. Vol.12, No3, p.14.

Jari, T. A. (2011) Use of Cultural Elements As Sources of Forms In The Design Of
Cultural Centre Katsina. Msc.Thesis, Department of Architecture, Faculty of
Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.p.33.

Kashim, I.B. (2013) Visual and Material Culture in the Context of Industrial Design: The
Contemporary Nigerian Experience. In Advances of Industrial Design
Engineering. Retrieved from on February 12,
2015, p.224.

Kellock, P. (2015) The Case for Play. Playground Ideas. Retrieved from…/on January 11, 2015

Konan, M.A. (1974). Calabashes in North Nigeria Retrieved from
www.penn,museum/…/PDFs/17/…/ on February 12, 2015.p.17.

Lamidi, A.L (2015). „Static Motion‟: An Exploration of Stilt Dance Postures in Mixed
Media Sculpture. (PhD) Thesis, Department of Fine Art, Faculty of
Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.pp.36, 72.


Enter your email address:

Delivered by TMLT NIGERIA

Join Over 3,500 000+ Readers Online Now!



COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: , , , ,

Comments are closed.