Dependency and Underdevelopment inAfrica: The Nigerian Experience : Current School News

Dependency and Underdevelopment in Africa: The Nigerian Experience

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Dependency and Underdevelopment inAfrica: The Nigerian Experience.

ABSTRACT

Dependency and underdevelopment in Africa is our main thrust which we try to relate the above to the Nigerian context. Dependency as we all know is a product of underdevelopment which is prevalent in Africa in general and Nigeria in particular.

It is certain that Nigeria is an independent nation, but it does not reflect in all the facts in the society since the super structures that form the society and state are dependent on foreign policy and factors.

As we can see in this research work, we observe how the African state started its journey to underdevelopment which came in disguised of development and missionary activities which currently left it in shambles and dependent on foreign influence, since we were colonized and gives independence.

Literally we are independent but practically we are dependent on foreign influence since they form most of our policy and decisions as seen in some of our super structures like political which we adopted their style of government.

Economic which capitalism has contributed in crippling our economic culture which has been influenced by foreigners and degraded our cultural value, social which brought about the current inferiority complex suffered by Africans whenever they come in contact with the white.

Also more emphasis is also laid on the post colonial and pre colonial African economy as we see how the post-colonial African economy led to the current debt crisis incurred by Africa in general and Nigeria in particular.

We also see how Nigeria has been subjected to unealthying conditionalities in its quest for foreign aid which does not translate the reason for its request after it is been given rather public officers now use these foreign loan for their private use thereby putting Nigeria in a higher debt profile.

In order to mediate the debt problem an organization was set up called the international monetary fund (IMF) which is an agency of the United Nation which claims that its reason for existence is to aid the third world countries in advancing the structural adjustment programs (SAP) aimed at developing the African country to international standard.

But in the real sense, it worsened the African economic problem by cursing Africa rather curning Africa from its economic slanbles.

INTRODUCTION

The concept of dependency and underdevelopment draws our attention to the stagnation, deplorable and peripheral condition of Africa, Asia, Latin America, in the international system. Africa, among other continents in the world, is seen as the poorest continent of the world.

In the international system, the G8 (Group of eight) and other international organizations regard Africa states as “POOR” thereby seeing Africa as an incapable or handicapped continent.

The reason becomes why they give out loans to most African states in order to attain the international standard of development, thereby making Africa indebted to the European countries.

It is also for the same reason most international organization are established, towards the development of Africa states. Development of most African states here implies meeting up with the European standard.

Taking a look at Africa, it is seen that the problem of underdevelopment in Africa, centers on their inability to transform their raw materials to finished products, as well as their inability to properly manage and harness their products management and good leadership. The African continent is presently facing a unique and unprecedented crisis or problems in its history as a human society.

These problems also transcends previous calculations of socio-economic background, balance of payment deficit, poor health statistics, material poverty indebtedness, poor education, disorganizing ethnic welfare, rapid capital flight, alleged law capacity utilization of materials and other human resources and so on.

The above listed problems are what makes Africa dependent and underdeveloped, as a result of its incapability to overcome these problems or tackle them successfully. This study attempts to explore the dimensions of dependency and underdevelopment and access the impact of Africa using Nigeria as a reference point.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Akimayo, F. (1990). Nigeria’s External Debt. Ile-Ife: Nigeria O.A.U Press.

Basil, D. (1971). Which Way Africa.  Baltimore: Penguin Books.

Charles, A., & Anderson, A. (1974). The Political Economy of Social Class. Eagle Wood, London: Prentice Hall.

Clover,     R.     W.      (1966).  Growth without Development. Evanston: North Western University Press.

Cockcroft, L. (1972). Dependence and Underdevelopment. London: Oxford University Press.

Colaman, J. (1958). Nigeria: Background to Nationalism. Berkeley: UCLA Press.

Daniel, A., & Offong, O. (1980). Imperialism and Dependency: Obstacles to African Development. Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers.

Ekundare, R. O. (1973). An Economic History of Nigeria. London: Prentice Hall.

Eric,    W.     (1966).    Capitalism     and    Slavery.     New     York: Capricorn Books.

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