Energia Oil Company and Corporate Social Responsibility : Current School News

Energia Oil Company and Corporate Social Responsibility in Delta State, Nigeria, 2009 – 2013

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Energia Oil Company and Corporate Social Responsibility in Delta State, Nigeria, 2009 – 2013.

ABSTRACT

The Niger Delta is Nigeria’s oil and gas belt, as it hosts almost all of Nigeria’s oil resources. The region has one of the world’s richest oil deposits. Data from the Federal Republic of Nigeria shows that Niger Delta covers 7.5 per cent of the Nigerian landmass. Niger Delta is so rich in oil that it has produced billions of barrels of crude oil for Nigeria since production began with 4000 barrels in 1958.

Given the critical role that big business’ in general and oil companies in particular play in national economy, the oil sector has increasingly come under the pressure of responding to the challenge of corporate (social) responsibility (CSR). This trend is set against a background in which the industry is already under considerable pressures arising from intensified violent conflicts and environmental degradations.

Energia/Oando JV which was awarded OML 56 by the Federal Government in 2003 and is one of the largest operating indigenous oil firms in the Niger Delta. The Energia oil and gas industry operates in six (6) communities (Emu-EbendoObodugwa-OgumeUmusadegeIsumpeUmusam and Ogbeani) of Delta state, Nigeria. The general objective of the study was to examine the efforts of Oil Companies on corporate social responsibility in the Delta state of Nigeria, with Energia Limited as case study. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1.0 CHAPTER 1: Introduction – – – – – – 5
1.1 Background to the study – – – – – – – 5
1.2 Statement of the problem – – – – – – – 8
1.3 Objectives of the study – – – – – – – 11
1.4 Significance of the study – – – – – – 11
1.5 Scope and limitation of the study – – – – – – 12

2.0 CHAPTER II: Literature Review and Study Area – – 14
2.1 Literature Review – – – – – – – – 14
2.1.1 Corporate Social Responsibility – – – – – – 14
2.1.2 Oil Resources and Multinational Corporations in Nigeria– – 17
2.1.3 Sustainable Environment and Corporate Social Responsibility
in Niger Delta – – – – – – – 22
2.1.4 Synthesis of the Review – – – – – – 29
2.2. Operationalization of Key Concepts – – – – – 30
2.3 Study Area- – – – – – – – – 33

3.0 CHAPTER III: Research Procedure – – – – – 38
3.1. Research Design – – – – – – – – 38
3.2. Population, Sample and Sampling Procedure – – – – 39
3.2.1 Population of Study – – – – – – – 39
3.2.2 Sampling Size and Procedure – – – – – – 39
3.2.3.Sources and Method of Data Collection – – – – – 40
3.2.4 Method of Data Presentation and Analysis – – – – 41
3.2.5 Validity and Reliability of Instrument – – – – 41

4.0 CHAPTER IV: Data Presentation, Analysis and Findings – 43
4.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – – 43
4.2 Data Presentation – – – – – – – – 43
4.3 Data Analysis and Findings – – – – – – – 45

5.0 CHAPTER V: Implications of Findings for Administrative Efficiency 59
5.2 Implications of the Findings – – – – – – – 59
5.2.1 Increasing Environmental Degradations of Host Communities and CSR 59
5.2.2 Major Projects that Form the CSR Efforts of Energia – – 62
5.2.3 Level of the Host Communities’ Participation in CSR – – 66

6.0 CHAPTER VI: Summary, Recommendations and Conclusion – 72
6.1 Summary- – – – – – – – – – 72
6.2 Recommendations – – – – – – – – 73
6.3 Conclusion – – – – – – – – – 76
Bibliography – – – – – – – – 77
Appendices – – – – – – – – – 88

INTRODUCTION 

The Niger Delta is Nigeria’s oil and gas belt, as it hosts almost all of Nigeria’s oil resources. The region has one of the world’s richest oil deposits. Data from the Federal Republic of Nigeria shows that Niger Delta covers 7.5 per cent of the Nigerian landmass (Omojola, 2007). Niger Delta is so rich in oil that it has produced billions of barrels of crude oil for Nigeria since production began with 4000 barrels in 1958. The Niger Delta originally consisted of the states of Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Edo, Cross River, Delta and Rivers.

It was the Obasanjo administration which expanded it to include Abia, Imo and Ondo states. Oil production in commercial quantity started in the 1950s, when Shell discovered its first commercial oil well at Oloibiri, Bayelsa State. Further oil and gas discoveries gave rise to the advent and growth in numbers of oil exploration and production (E&P) companies, led by multinationals like Shell, ExxonMobil, ChevronTexaco, TotalFinaElf, and Agip amongst others.

Energia limited is among the indigenous oil exploration and exploitation companies incorporated in 2001, with strong affiliation to some strategic service providers in the upstream and gas industry, a number which belong to the Petroleum Technology Association of Nigeria (PETAN) (http://energiang.com/about-us). The primary aim of these companies and indeed all businesses is to make profit, and contribute directly to the society through the payment of taxes, royalties, etc.

Energia Limited Company is a wholly owned indigenous E&P company made up of leading oil and gas service and technology providers who are key promoters of PETAN in the country to take advantage of the Nigerian Content dream of creating a totally indigenous Nigerian Oil and Gas Technology in the immediate and near future. The consortium of leading service and technology companies that constitute Energia Limited, that have also made their marks in the Nigerian E&P industry are: Ciscon Nigeria Limited, Oildata Wireline Services, Weltek Limited, etc.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Agyeman, J. (2005). Sustainable Communities and the Challenge of Environmental
Justice. New York: New York University Press.

Amnesty International (AI), (2009). Nigeria: Petroleum, Pollution and Poverty in the
Niger Delta. United Kingdom: Amnesty International Publications, June.

Berle, A. A. & Gardiner C. Means (1932). The Modern Corporation and Private
Property (1932).

Chatterjee, Pratap, and Mathias Finger 1994 The Earthbrokers: Power, Politics and
World Development. London: Routledge.

Clement-Jones, T. (2005). “Bottom Line Issue or Public Relations Exercise?” In J.

Hancock (eds.), Investing in Corporate Social Responsibility: A Guide to Best
Practice, Business Planning and the UK’s Leading Companies. London: Kogan

Daly, Herman E. (1996). Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable
Development. Boston: Beacon Press.

Dworkin, R. (1986), Law’s Empire, London: Fontana Press.

El Serafy Sala (1995), Measuring Development: the Role of Environmental
Accounting, UNED.

CSN Team.

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