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Ethics in Public Sector Organizations

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Ethics in Public Sector Organizations.


The research in its logical flow delved into various areas relating to Public Service ethical values and compliance by staff so as to find solutions to the issue of ethics existing in unscrupulous public servants in Bayelsa State.

In order to arrive at the various findings, the combination of questionnaires, interview,s and personal observation were used for data collation or gathering.

To direct the study, two hypotheses were formulated, and to validate the hypotheses or otherwise, a statistical formula called Chi-square was used.

Notable among the findings of this study include:  The public service ethical code as contained in the Public Service Rule Book of 2008 and the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is feasible and practicable, but public servants in Bayelsa State did not strictly adhere to the Public Service ethical code of conduct before the investigation was carried out.

It was also discovered that external political, social, and economic influences impede the effective administration of government business by Civil Servant in the State.

The study does not only present striking objectives but also workable recommendations among which are; establishing anti-corruption units in all the states and be manned with incorruptible officers to combat the business holistically to promote national development, etc.

The study hinged on the monumental work of Max Weber whose main concern was the rationalization of authority into impersonal and bureaucratized institutions with a high sense of merit and strict obedience to an impersonal body of rules.


1.1Background of the Study

It is our strong belief that the rationale behind the establishment of the public sector organizations is to make and not to mar the economy and the citizenry of the nation, Nigeria.

The public-sector organizations entail; the executive,  judiciary, and the legislative arm of government.

The executive arm entails; the president, vice president, secretary to the government of the federation, ministers, special advisers, etc.

The judiciary comprises; the chief justice of the federation, the chief judges of various states, judges, lawyers, etc.

The legislature comprises the national houses of the senate and representative.

The foregoing scenario applies to both the state and local governments despite the change in nomenclature.

One of the key institutions established by the government to tackle the critically important problems of promoting socio-economic development and maintaining national integration is the civil service.

It is acknowledged that, no matter how well-articulated policies and programs may be, they cannot be successfully implemented without an effective civil service.

It is the loyalty and commitment of members of the civil service which ensures effective translation into action of ministerial policies and decisions.

In other words, the strength and efficiency of the civil service is vital to the success of the government machinery as a whole.


Augustus Adebayo (2000): Principles of Public Administration in Nigeria; Ibadan, Spectrum Books Limited.
A. Agbonifoh (Ph.D) & G.O. Yomere (Ph.D.) (1999): Research Methodology in the Social Sciences and Education; Benin City, Mindex Press Ltd.
C.N. Oguonu & E.E. Anugwom (2006): Research  Methods in Social Science; Enugu, Fourth Dimension Publishing Co., Ltd.
Eboh, M.P. (1997): Introduction to Philosophy and philosophizing, Enugu, Snap Press Limited.
Eniaiyejuni,  B.O.      (2009):      Public      Personnel       Management in Nigeria; Lagos, concepts publication Limited.
Federal Civil Service Commission (2004): Guidelines for Appointment, Promotion and Discipline  (Revised  Edition): Abuja, a publication of the Federal Civil  Service Commission.

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