Impact of Child Labour on the Behaviour of Adolescents in Kaduna State, Nigeria.
The purpose of this study was to establish the impact of child labour on the behaviour of adolescents in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Four objectives were stated and four research questions were raised. The objectives were set for the study along with four research questions. Four hypotheses were also postulated for the study.
A sample of 250 house helps and 250 employers of house helps was drawn from a population of 4,179 house helps and their employers. Questionnaire was used to obtain data for the study. Descriptive statistics of frequency, mean, standard Deviation along with Spearman Rho correlation test were employed to analyse the data.
Results indicated that adolescent househelps are often treated as second class citizens. Most adolescents are also found to prefer living with their parents instead of living with their employers. Findings further showed that most adolescent house helps are sometimes abused physically, socially and emotionally.
Based on the findings, it was recommended among others, that Non-Governmental agencies should intervene on behalf of adolescents who are abused by helping to prosecute their offenders no matter their status in the society. It was concluded that the behaviour of houeshelps are affected and the consequent impact on their behaviour also affected their overall social, emotional and mental behaviour of adolescent house helps.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables vi-vii
List of Abbreviations viii
Table of Contents ix-x
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study 1-6
1.2 Statement of the problem 6-7
1.3 Objectives of the study 7-8
1.4 Research question 8
1.5 Null Hypotheses 8
1.6 Significance of the study 9
1.7 Basic assumptions 9
1.8 Delimitation of the study 9
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Background of the employment of househelps 10-12
2.2 Reasons for employing househelps. 12-14
2.3 The relationship and experiences encountered between house help, their employers and family members 14-19
2.4 Reasons why employers employ househelp 19-21
2.5 Emotional and social behavior of househelp 21-23
2.6 Child labour and child Abuse 23-28
2.7 Moral and mental Development of Adolescent Employed as Househelps 28-30
2.8 Review of Empherical studies 30-34
2.9 Summary of Literature Review 35
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design 36
3.2 Population for the Study 36-37
3.3 Sample and Sample Techniques 37-38
3.4 Instrument for Data Collection 38
3.5 Reliability of the instrument 38-39
3.5.1 Validity of instrument 39
3.5.2 Content reliability 39
3.5.3 Pilot study 39-40
3.6 Procedure for data collection 40
3.7 Procedure for data Analysis 40
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION OF RESULTS.
4.1. Analysis of bio-data of Housewives 41-47
4.1:1 Analysis of househelps bio-data variable 48-54
4.2 Hypotheses testing 54-57
4.3 Discussion on findings 57-61
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary 62
5.2 Conclusion 63
5.3 Recommendation 63-65
5.4 Suggestion for further study 65
APPENDIX A 70
In Nigeria child labour does mostly occur in semi-formal and informal businesses with hundreds of thousands of house helps mainly working for prosperous urban families. Steid (1998) stated that House help could be needed in areas such as childcare, laundry work, general house help, serving and babysitting.
He further expatiated that, house help can be obtained from a variety of sources like, within the family or in the neighborhood. Okoye (1999) stated that, house helps are part and parcel of the domestic life. Their services are indispensable especially to the working class women who find it difficult to combine their domestic work with their jobs.
House helps participate in such activities as taking care of children, washing of clothes, house cleaning and going for shopping for the family. As adolescents grow older into their teens (adolescence period) their emotions become more specific. They show joy, anger, fear, curiosity, jealousy and affection.
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