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Influence of Physical Activity Participation On Academic Performance of Secondary School Students

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Influence of Physical Activity Participation On Academic Performance of Secondary School Students.

Introduction

Background to the Study

Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by voluntary body muscles that require energy expenditure. Physical activity has traditionally been considered in physical education as an essential part of curricula in promoting a range of benefits including general health, cognitive, development, motor skills and social behaviour (Pate, Neill and Mclver,2011).

The philosophy “Healthy Body, Healthy Mind” was the motive behind the inclusion of physical education along with the curriculum subjects.

Physical education is the systematic education of physical activity to develop a man physically, mentally, emotionally, and socially competent through an active medium.

Physical education can help the students to develop the knowledge, attitudes, motor and behavior skills, and confidence needed to adopt and maintain a physically active lifestyle (World Health Organization,2013).

The outcomes of a quality physical activity program are very important to adolescents. Bodily benefits of sports activities, like improved aerobic power, increased muscle strength, and fighting obesity have been demonstrated clearly.

Participation in physical activities like sports has also been related to greater satisfaction with body image. Therefore, physical activity may not be considered extracurricular; it is rather a vital component in students’ academic success.

Several studies suggested that increased physical activity during school time could induce arousal and lessen boredom, which leads to increase classroom concentration and attention span.

In addition to that, a study by Mohammed, Abubakr, Tamer, Omar Al Jadaan, Mohamed, and Salah(2015) suggested that increased activity levels might be related to improving classroom behaviour as well as academic performance(Shephard,2012).

It a result of this that has necessitated the study in investigating the influence of physical activity participation on academic performance of secondary school students in Awka South L.G.A.

Statement of The Problems

Secondary school students face many elements, which affect the participation of the students in physical activities like; university environment, extracurricular activities, family environment, parents’ education, community, schedule of physical education, and classroom activities.

For instance, some student’s conditions inherently make it stressful and demanding for them to have time for physical activities and some others are not interested in it due to the overwhelming burden, which leaves minimal opportunity for the students to relax and recreate.

This has created pressure on the student and sometimes affect their academic performance. These students also face social, emotional, physical, and family problems, which may affect their learning ability and academic performance. Sports officers in schools also find it difficult in encouraging students to participate in sports activities because of the highly demanding schedule.

It is against these backdrops that have necessitated this study into investigating the influence of physical activity participation on academic performance of secondary school students in Awka South L.G.A.

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