Mediation as an Alternative Method of Conflict Resolution in Nigeria : Current School News

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Mediation as an Alternative Method of Conflict Resolution in Nigeria

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Mediation as an Alternative Method of Conflict Resolution in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

The study was undertaken to explore mediation as an alternative method of conflict resolution in Nigeria with particular reference to ‘’Citizens’ Rights and Mediation Centre, Enugu.

Findings were made from responses of 111 respondents from the study area. Cross-sectional survey design was adopted for this work, and were used to elicit data for this study.

The study also made use of questionnaire as a means of collecting quantitative primary data. Statistical methods such as tables and percentages were employed for data analysis.

The result shows that all the 8 ADR strategies/mechanisms listed in the questionnaire items were found to be applicable or available at CRMC, Enugu; available conflict/dispute resolution strategies were ineffective in resolving conflict/dispute at the CRMC, Enugu.

The rate of success of the centre in disputes such as contract of employment, violence against women, debt related matter, land dispute matter and maintaining community cohesion are low; and the centre is encountering some problems due to inadequate provision of physical amenities and shortage of qualified personnel.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page- – – – – – – – – – i
Approval Page- – – – – – – – – – ii
Certification Page- – – – – – – – – – iii
Dedication- – – – – – – – – – iv
Acknowledgment- – – – – – – – – – v
Abstract- – – – – – – – – – vi
Table of Contents – – – – – – – – – – vii
List of Tables- – – – – – – – – – viii
List of abbreviations/Acronyms- – – – – – – ix

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study- – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem- – – – – – – – 3
1.3 Research Questions- – – – – – – – – 7
1.4 Objective of the Study- – – – – – – – 8
1.5 Significance of the Study- – – – – – – – 8
1.6 Definition of Concepts- – – – – – – – 10

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1 Review of Theoretical Literature- – – – – – – 11
2.2 Review of Relevant Theories- – – – – – – 20
2.3 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – – – 23
2.4 Study Proposition- – – – – – – – – 24

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Study Design- – – – – – – – – – 25
3.2 Study Area- – – – – – – – – – 25
3.3 Study population- — – – – – – – – 26
3.4 The Sample Size- – – – – – – – – 27
3.5 Description of the Sample- – – – – – – – 27
3.6 Instrument/Method of Data Collection- – – – – – 27
3.7 method of data analysis- – – – – – – – 28

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION

4.1 Data presentation and Analysis- – – – – – – 29
4.2 Analysis of Interview Conducted with the Staff of CRMC Enugu – 36

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1 Summary of Major Findings and Discussion- – – – – 38
5.2 Summary and Conclusion- – – – – – – – 40
5.3 Recommendations- – – – – – – – – 41
5.4 Limitation of the Study- – – – – – – – 41
5.5 Suggestions for further Research- – – – – – – 42
References- – – – – – – – – – 43

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Colonization introduced various forms of conflicts because of its emphasis on individualism, capitalism and monetary economy.

Colonialism  set the pace for social change in the third world countries, as it altered existing socio-political and economic patterns of life in the society.

As a result of  these, there was an increase and manifestation of different forms of conflicts between individuals, groups and organizations.

Conflict can be said to be a reality in any social system. It can be described as a fact of life. Conflict is a normal and even healthy part of relationship, after all, two people can’t be expected to agree on everything at all times.

Since conflicts in relationships are inevitable, learning to deal with them in a healthy way is crucial. When conflict is mismanaged it can harm the relationship, but when handled in a mature and positive way, conflict provides an opportunity for growth, ultimately strengthening the bond between two people.

Conflict can and must be controlled and utilized profitably in order to create cultural means of living and working together.

Faced with this reality, societies both traditional and developed devised mechanisms for resolving conflicts based on their peculiar social structure.

REFERENCES

Adeniyi, S. (2004). Conflict Management. Ibadan: Ade-Ojo Press.

Alabi, A. O. (2010). The Nigerian nation and management of conflict and crises. Lead paper presented at the Annual National conference in the school of Arts and Social Sciences, Federal College of Education, Oyo 9th June, 2010.

Alade, O.A (1998) Conflict management within the Nigerian Baptist Convention 1984 – 1994. (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis University of Ibadan.

Alade, O.A. (1998). Conflict management within the Nigerian Baptist Convention 1984-1994. (Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis University of Ibadan.

Albert, I.O. (1999) community conflict in Nigerian City : The historical perspective of the Hausa – Igbo conflict in Kano 1933 –  1991,  Ibadan institute Francais de recherché en Afrique.

Albert, I.O. (2001) Building peace, advancing Democracy: Experience with third party interventions in Nigeria’s conflicts. Ibadan. John Archers (Publishers). Ltd,

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