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Nigeria-Japan Trade Relations and Economic Development in Nigeria, 1999-2014

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Nigeria-Japan Trade Relations and Economic Development in Nigeria, 1999-2014.

ABSTRACT

Current scholarly endeavours have revealed that trade relations between Nigeria and Japan is understudied. While emphasis have been laid heavily on the trade relations between Nigeria and Western nations, not much have been done to investigate the impact of bilateral trade relations between Nigeria and Japan.

This study seeks to address the gap by examining the following research questions: Did the volume of trade between Nigeria and Japan impact on Nigeria’s economic development?

Did the foreign direct investment (FDI) from Japan to Nigerian iron and steel industry enhance economic development? This study is anchored on the Marxian strand of the theory of political economy.

It obtained the data from secondary sources, and analysed same using the qualitative descriptive method. We found that the volume of trade between Nigeria and japan impacted on the economic development of Nigeria.

We also found that FDI from Japan to Nigerian iron and steel industry enhanced economic development. We recommend.

Therefore, that government should invest more in exploring and improving trade and technological exchanges between Nigeria and Japan to boost local capacity and guarantee sustainable economic development.

And also to sustain and improve on the aspects of the trade that have been very mutually benefiting.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page . . . . . . . .. . .. . . .. I
Approval Page . . .. . … II
Dedication. . .. . . . III
Acknowledgements. . . . . . . . . . . ….IV
Table of Contents. . . . . . .V
List of Tables…………………VI
List of Figures. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

1.1. Background to the study. . . . .. 1
1.2. Statement of the Problem. . . . . . . . . 8
1.3. Objective of the Study. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . …9
1.4. Significance of the Study.. . . . . . . . .10

CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review

Introduction……11
2.1. International Trade Relations………………….12
2.2. Economic and Local Capacity Development . . . . ……..15
2.3. The Discourse so Far on Nigeria and Japan…17

CHAPTER THREE: Methodology

3.1. Theoretical Framework. . .24
3.2. Hypotheses. . . . . . . . . .. . . 30
3.3. Research Design. . . . . . . . . 30
3.4. Method of Data Collection. . . . .33
3.5. Method of Data Analysis. . . . . 34
3.6. Logical Data Framework . .36

CHAPTER FOUR: The Impact of the Trade in Primary and Secondary Products Between Nigeria and Japan on the Economy of Nigeria

Introduction……38

4.1. Trade in Agricultural produce . . . . . . .……..39
4.2. Crude and Petroleum Product Export. . . . . . . . . . 51
4.3. Import of Automobile and Automotive Products. . . . .54
4.4Trade in Electrical and Electronic Products…………67
4.5 Balance of Trade…..69

CHAPTER FIVE: FDI from Japan to Nigeria and the Iron and Steel Sector of Nigeria

Introduction 72

5.1. The Development of the Iron and Steel Industry in Nigeria: its genesis . . . . . . . . .73
5.2. Raw Materials Development. . . . . . . .……….80
5.3. Japan and Nigeria’s Iron and Steel Industry Since 1999…..83

CHAPTER SIX: Summary and Conclusion and Recommendations

6.1. Summary . . . . . 96
6.2. Conclusion . . . . .  . . . 98
6.3. Recommendations . . . . .  . . . 99
Bibliography

INTRODUCTION

Nigeria-Japan relations date back to the period before Nigeria became an independent state. Although contacts began from the early 1930’s, trade relations can be traced back to as early as 1914 when Lord Fredrick Lugard, the British Colonial Administrator amalgamated the Northern and the Southern parts of the country.

From the British colonial records for the colony and protectorate of Nigeria, Falola and Ogunremi (1983) have dated the first exchange of goods to that year with Japan’s share of total Nigerian trade of €6.9m.

This exchange however, not only remained at a very minimal level but lacked mutuality. Nigeria did not record the export of any goods to Japan until 1929. Geographically, Japan is very far from Nigeria.

Politically, Japanese imperialistic quest did not extend to this part of the world. It was limited to countries in the neighbouring East Asia and the Pacific between 1930 and 1945.

During this period, Japan was preoccupied with the annexation of Korea while European colonial powers were in parts of Asia and Africa.

Colonial African territories were in the hands of Germany, Britain, France, Portugal and Italy. Perhaps, the fear of competition with these powers discouraged Japan from Africa. (Owoeye, 1986).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Abah, N. (2000). Development Administration: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach. Enugu: John- Jacobs Classic Publishers Ltd.

Adeleke, A. A. (2010). Nigeria and Japan: A Historical Analysis of Forty-Six Years of  Peaceful Relations, 1960-2006. Ibadan:African Nebula

Achiv,C. and Isah, k.(2011). The Auto sector in National Development. Kaduna: kwangila Agbi, S. O. (1993).Japan’s Relations with Africa. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press.

Agbo, O. A. (2010). A Critical Evaluation of Motor Vehicles in Nigeria. Lagos: ATLIB Agarwal, R.C. (2009). Political Theory. New Delhi: S. CHAND

Ake, C. (1979). Social Science as Imperialism. Ibadan: Ibadan University Press. Ake, C. (1981). A Political Economy of Africa. New York: Longman.

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