Parent’s Socio-Demographic Factors as Determinants of Career Choice : Current School News

Parent’s Socio-Demographic Factors as Determinants of Career Choice Conflict among Senior Secondary School Students in Abuja (FCT)

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Parent’s Socio-Demographic Factors as Determinants of Career Choice Conflict among Senior Secondary School Students in Abuja (FCT).

Abstract

This study investigated the extent to which parents’ socio-demographic factors such as age, educational qualification, type of education and socio-economic status influenced career choice conflict of senior secondary school students in Abuja, FCT. To guide the study, four research questions were posed and four null hypotheses formulated.

Ex-post facto research design was adopted for the study. The study was carried out in Bwari, Gwagwalada and the municipal area councils of Abuja.

The population for the study consists of 17,913 senior secondary school one (SS1) students in the approved government senior secondary schools in Abuja (FCT).

The sample size for the study was 350 students from the area of study. Multistage sampling technique was adopted in selecting the sample.

A structured questionnaire titled Students’ Career Choice Conflict Questionnaire (SCCCQ)’ was used for data collection.

The research questions were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as Mean and Standard Deviation while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level using one-way ANOVA.

Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

In our society today, students face a complex and rapidly changing society. It has been reported that regardless of great effort put forth by families, government agencies and non-government agencies, many young people encounter difficulties in the transition from the world of school to that of work (Atchoarena cited in Pilot & Regis, 2012).

Investigating and better understanding the myriad  factors  that contribute to career choice is a topic of recurring interest in our schools today.

To  guide students in their career decision making, socio-demographic factors play a central role in this lifelong process (Pilot & Regis, 2012).

These  factors  include  family, school, career guidance program, media and peers. In this  study,  the  influence of family will only be investigated.

Family involvement was found to be the most significant predictor of career choice in gender dominated occupations  (Salami,  2006).

Family involvement  refers to the extent to which the parents or family members are involved in the career plans  of children (Salami, 2006).

References 

Adams, F.A (2008). Parents have their say about their college aged children’s career decisions. National Association of Colleges and Employers Journal, 64 (3).

Agarwala. T (2008). Factors influencing career choice of management students in India. Career Development international, 13 (4), 362 – 376.

Ali S.L Mcwhirter, E.H and Chronister, K.M (2005). Self efficacy and vocational of lower socio – economic status; a pilot study. Journal of career Assessment 13(1), 40 -58.

Ali, A (2006). Fundamental of research in education Awka. Meks publisher (Nig).

Alika, I.H& Audu, I (2011). Counseling for sustainable career development. The influence of peers and parents on adolescents career choice in Edo State, Nigeria. Journal of the counseling association of Nigeria, 30(2); 21-30.

Amoid. J. (2001). Career and career management in N. Anderson, D.S ones, H.K. Senangil and C. Viswesvaran (Eds), Handbook of Industrial work and organization psychology, 2; 115 – 132, London, Sage.

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