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Poverty Alleviation Programme in Kogi State

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Poverty Alleviation Programme in Kogi State.

ABSTRACT

Poverty is general phenomenon in less developed countries including Nigeria. It is a common problem that cannot be easily  wiped out but can be alleviated through concerted effort by stake holders.

The problem of poverty has brought about low standard of living of people in both rural and urban area that attention of individual, Federal, States and Local Government has been drawn to alleviate it to better the living standard of the rural area.

This work was undertaken to look into the poverty alleviation programes by Local Government in Kogi State of Nigeria. The work was divided into five chapterswith each chapter  dealing with specific issues on how to alleviate poverty.

In chapter one, four research questions and four hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. In chapter two of this work, literatures relevant to the study were reviewed. In chapter three, the location of the area of study and general information was stated.

In chapter four, Questionaires was used as the major instrument for data collection subsequently the data were analysed.

The findings of the study showed that poverty alleviation programmes exists in all the Local Government area of the State, but the target people did not benefit from the programme because the structure that will enable them to benefit is not in place.

Most respondent complained that the implementation of the poverty alleviation programmes stopped at the  State Headquarter. The study recommended in chapter five a solid structure that will enable the target audience benefit from the poverty.

Alleviation programmes, mass literacy campaign, provision of loans to farmers and reduction in tax as some of the measures that can be taken to alleviate poverty.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page ——–i
Approval page ———ii
Acknowledgement——iii
Abstract ———iv
Table of contents —————–v

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study —-1
1.2 Statement of the problem ——–6
1.3 Objective of the study —-7
1.4 Significance of the study ——–8
1.5 Scope and limitation of the study —————9

CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Concept of poverty —-11
2.2 Causes of poverty —————22
2.3 Poverty incidence in Nigeria ——-29
2.4 Infrastructures and poverty alleviation in Nigeria Local Government—31
2.5 Poverty alleviation in Nigeria ———–33
2.6 Government programmes and polities related to poverty ————-42
2.7 Current trends at poverty reduction ———47
2.8 The Local Government system in Nigeria —–50
2.9 The functions of Local Government ——–53
2.10 Methodology ———–56

CHAPTER THREE

The study area/general information ———59

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Data presentation and analysis ———–61
4.2 Discussion on the findings –70

CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1 Summary ————75
5.2 Conclusion ———76
5.3 Recommendations ——–78
References ————80
Questionnaire ——–87

INTRODUCTION 

1.1 Background of the Study

Over two decades after independence, unemployment and poverty were not a natural concern in Nigeria as it is today. Agriculture, industries and public sector were able to absorb most of the labour forces. The agricultural sector, for instance generated about 70% of the growth of the GDP (The comet March 23rds,2000)

The advent of petroleum in the mid 70s further strengthened the economy, government during this period was to achieve much through oil revenue.

The ensuring political instability and in consistencies in the socio-economic politics of the successive government emerged as a factor that led to the manifestation of high level poverty in Nigeria.

Consequently, the challenges facing the Nigeria Government is that of reducing or eradicating poverty and the income disparity between the rich and the poor in the society.

Against this background successive government in Nigeria, Federal State and Local Government have demonstrated their commitment in improving the socio-economic well being of the Urban and rural people through various efforts and poverty eradication programmes.

REFERNCES

Abdullahi, M Yahoo (1993) “The Design and Management of Poverty Alleviation projects in Africa”. Washington, D.C. Economic

Adah, N.B Bank, R.O Kembe, M.M {2000) Introduction to scientific thinking, Makurdi Abagon press.

Adegbite, D.A and J.O Akintola (2002)” poverty and Microfinance: Analysis of Repayment Performance of loan Beneficiaries in Nigeria 17th

Agricultural Cooperation Bank, Ogun State” A Paper presented atAnnual Conference of Farm Management Association of Nigeria (FAMAN) 22-24th Oct. 2002 Abuja Pp 1-3.

Ajakaiye D.Oand Adeyeye, V.A (2002) concepts, measurement and causes of poverty central bank of Nigeria Economic and financial Review Vol. 39 No 4.

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