Ads! Gain 200 Level Admission to Study Any Course In Any University Of Your Choice Through IJMB/JUPEB. NO JAMB | LOW FEES. Registration In Progress. Call 07063900993 NOW!

Poverty and Educational Level as Determinants of Girl-child Participation in Politics in Ondo North Senatorial District of Ondo State, Nigeria

ADS! Download JAMB CBT Software Now for FREE!

Poverty and Educational Level as Determinants of Girl-child Participation in Politics in Ondo North Senatorial District of Ondo State, Nigeria.


The main purpose of the study was to examine the influence of poverty and educational level on girl-child via their political participation in Ondo North Education (Senatorial) District of Ondo State, Nigeria. The methodology adopted for the study was a descriptive survey research design. The population for the study was 3995 SSS 3 female students in public schools; while the sample size used was three hundred and sixty-three (363) SSS 3 female students. A multi-stage sampling technique was adopted for the study.

The instrument for data collection titled “Poverty and Educational Level as Determinants of Girl-Child Participation in Politics’’ (PEDGPP) was adopted and developed by the researcher. The instrument was trial-tested and subjected to the test of internal consistency using the Cronbach Alpha procedure. A reliability coefficient of 0.82 was obtained. Data collected were analyzed using the Principal Component part of Factor Analysis, percentage, the mean, and standard deviation to answer the five research questions while the three hypotheses formulated to guide the study were tested using t-test statistical tools.

The findings of the study revealed that the poverty rate (level) of ‘poor’ and ‘not poor girl-child(ren) in Ondo North Senatorial District of Ondo State was 73% and 27% respectively. This implies that girlchild poverty in the state is quite high; Akoko North East (Ikare) girl-child poverty had the highest poverty (level) rate of 82.3% while Akoko North West (Okeagbe) had the least poverty rate of 61%; the study revealed that most of the poor people are farmers who find it difficult to provide the necessary support for their children, especially the girl-children; the rural poverty level was higher than that of an urban area with the poverty rates of 78% and 59% respectively; poverty was largely responsible for poor educational support of girl-child which affected her education and socio-political involvement in the society; the study showed that the extent poverty inhibited the educational support of urban and rural female students was not significant.


Poverty is a common plague afflicting people of the world including Nigeria. Poverty is multidimensional in nature because it affects various segments of the population and their corresponding needs and aspirations. It is multidimensional in the sense that poverty means different things to different persons considering time, environment, and situations. From the past century, especially in the work of Booth’s study of London poor in 1887 and Rowntree’s (1901) work on the poor in the city of York defined and measured poverty only on established numeric income and the caloric level below which poverty exist, and beyond which the people cease to be poor.

At least since the 1970s, approaches to defining poverty have included the identification of non-income dimensions such as longevity, literacy, and health. Recently, a new set of factors including vulnerability, lack of access to opportunities, exposure to risk, powerlessness, and lack of voice among others have also become part of the definition of poverty (Agrawal & Redford, 2006). Poverty can simply be described as the lack of some basic amenities of life – monetarily and materially.

Poverty refers to the condition of not having the means to afford basic human needs such as clean water, nutrition, health care, clothing, and shelter. This is often referred to as absolute poverty or destitution. Poverty can also be relative. Relative poverty is not the deprivation of very basic needs but exclusion from the standards of living broadly available to others in the same society. It is the minimum level of resources acquisition of an individual below which the individual is deemed to be inferior to the norm of that community.

Individuals, families, and groups in a population can be said to be in [relative] poverty when they lack the resources to obtain the type of diet, participate in the activities and the living conditions and amenities which are customary, or are at least widely encouraged or approved, in the society to 1 2 which they belong (Lister, 2004). Relative poverty is therefore the condition of having fewer resources, or less income, low social/political participation than others within a society or country as compared to at least widely encouraged or approved standard. 


Abdulrazaq, O. O. (2013). Women education: Problems and implication for family
responsibility. The Nigeria Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 9(1) online.
Abidogun, B. G. (2006). Education sector reforms and childhood education for rural
development in Edo Nigeria: Ress publishers
Adamolekun, T. (2012). A Historical account of the advent and growth of Christ Apostolic
Church in Akoko Nigeria. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 8(1)
Adawo, M. A. (2010). Poverty in Uyo: Characteristics, causes and consequences. Current
Research Journal of Economic Theory, 4(1), 31-36.
Adebayo, A. E. (2012). Poverty alleviation strategies by non-profit organisations:
Benefactors’ experience in the riverine area of Ondo State, Nigeria.
Adebo, G. M. & Ajiboye, A. (2014). Comparative analysis of poverty level among rural and
urban farmers in Ekiti and Ondo States. Developing Country Studies, 4(20) 23-27.
Adedokun, M. O., Ekundayo, T. H. & Gbenro, A. I. (2010). Girl-child education: A critical
issue for national development. Faculty of Education, University of Ado Ekiti, and
Department of Educational Foundations, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education,
Oyo, Nigeria. Continental Journal of Arts and Humanities 2, 25-31, 2010 ISSN: 2141
-4092©Wilolud Journals, 2010 http://www.wiloludjournal.coma
Adekunbi, K. O. (n.d). poverty and development in Nigeria: training the MDGs? A Special
Issue Paper presentation, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University,
Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Omideyi African Journal Infect. Dis. 1(1), 3-17
Adelabu, M. A. & Akinsolu, A. O. (2009). Political education through the university: A
survey of Nigeria university students. African Journal of Political Science and
International Relation, 3(2), 046-053. Available online:
Adeleke, J. O. (2014). Women’s political participation at the local government level: A case
study of akoko south west local government area, Ondo State, Nigeria. European
Scientific Journal, 223-237. Online available
Adeleye, K. (Ed.) (2014). Emerging issues on girl-child social protection in West Africa,
Ondo State Ministry of Health Bulletin
Aderinto, A. A. (1999). The girl-child situation in South Western Nigeria: An assessment.
Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1-2), 97-108.

CSN Team.

Enter your email address:

Delivered by TMLT NIGERIA

Join Over 3,500 000+ Readers Online Now!



COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: , , , ,

Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: