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The Challenges of Globalization on Human Resource Management

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The Challenges of Globalization on Human Resource Management.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to identify the challenges facing human resource management in this age of globalization with a view to projecting the needs of human resource departments in every organization whether publicly or privately owned.

Human resource management is an essential factor in the attainment of organizational objectives especially in any manufacturing and technological country or environment. In order to highlight the foregoing objective, the  survey method of research was employed in the study.

Both primary and secondary sources of data were utilized in gathering relevant information. The primary sources consist of the  questionnaire  and oral interview while the secondary sources were gathered from  existing literature on the subject matter of the study.

Tabular presentation of data analysis was used whereby the effect  and relationship of one data analysis was used whereby  the  effect and relationship of one data with another was being quantified by simple percentile presentation.

The study has proved that the challenges of globalization on human resources management are; inadequate funding, non computerization of human resource department, rapid spread of shocks and disturbances due to civil unrest, multicultural behavior and draconian religious  laws.

Finally, the study made a case for the development of human resource departments and management beyond the existing level in  the  country and its learning in tertiary institutions.

Pursuant to the recommendations, organizational operators should liaise with the government to ensure that the curriculum of various institutions is developed to incorporate the increased importance of the human resource management and at the same time to see to the adequate funding of the program.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE … … … … i
DECLARATION … … .. …ii
CERTIFICATION … … … iii
DEDICATION … … … … .. …. iv
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT … … … ..v
TABLE OF CONTENTS… … … .. …vi
ABSTRACT … … .. …. ix

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study … … …1
1.2 Statement of the Problem … 11
1.3 Objective of the Study … 12
1.4 Significance the Study … …13
1.5 Research Questions … … …18
1.6 Hypothesis … … … .. …16
1.7 Scope of the Study … … … ..20
1.8 Limitation of the Study … … …21
1.9 Definition of Terms … … …22

CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Concept and Process of Globalization … …23
2.2 Dimension of Globalization… … … 25
2.3 Challenges of Globalization … … … 27
2.4 Latin America … … … 41
2.5 Brazil… … … .. ….42
2.6 Asia … … … .. …. 42
2.7 India … … … .. …. …44

CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Methods and Designs … … 45
3.2 Area of Study … … … .. …. … …46
3.3 Population of the Study … … .. ….46
3.4 Sample and Sample Procedure … … .. …47
3.5 Instruments of Data Collection … … ..47
3.6 Validity of Instrument … … .. …. … … … 48
3.7 Reliability of Instrument … … .. …. …48
3.8 Method of Data Collection… … .. …. …48
3.9 Method of Data Analysis… … .. …. … … …49
3.10 Data Presentation … … .. …. … … … …50

CHAPTER FOUR PRESENTATION, INTEGRATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

4.1 Test of Hypothesis … … .. …. … … … …53
4.2 Hypothesis No 1 Question No 11 … … .. …. ….. 54
4.3 Test of Hypothesis No 2 Question 14 … … .. …. …60
4.4 Test of Hypothesis No 3 Question 10 … … .. …. …64
4.5 Test of Hypothesis No 4 Question 20 … … .. …. …69

CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of findings … … .. …. … … …74
5.2 Conclusion … … .. …. … … … … …76
5.3 Recommendation … … .. …. … … … …76
BIBLIOGRAPHY… .. …. … … … … …… 78
APPENDIX… .. …. … … … … … …81

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

The world is now a global village. The systematic integration of individual, autonomous nations into the global market has been on since the mid – I9th century to World War I, assuming unprecedented dimension in the 1980s.

The 21st century has brought about profound changes in the ways in which the world’s citizens interact with each other. The emerging and accelerating trends of the global  economy and information technology have been working to bring  the  globe together.

The world is experiencing ever stronger links within the global market caused by power forces of information technology and increased integration of trade and capital flows.

This “globalization” can be seen as an inevitable technologically driven process that is increasing commercial, social and political relations between people of different countries. These countries themselves, at various stages of development are, as it were, forced to take account of ever increasing interconnection of economies in the management of their economies.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Beach D.S. (1980), Management of People at Work. Macmillan New York.

Colman. D. & Nixson, F. (1986), Economics of Change in Less Developed Countries, 2nd Edition, Philip Alan Publishers Ltd, Oxford

Eric Frank H. (1974), Human Resources Development: The European Approach Gulf Publishing, Texas

Harbinson, F.H. (1974), Human Resource as the Wealth of Nations, Oxford University Press, N.Y

Leonard Nadler (1970), Developing Human Resources. Gulf Publishing, Texas.

Leonard Nadler (1984), The Handbook of Human Resources Development Wiley inter-science Publications New York.

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