Effects of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Food Crop Production : Current School News

The Effects of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Food Crop Production Efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria

APPLY NOW 👉 WORK IN CANADA WITH FREE SPONSORSHIP!


 

The Effects of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Food Crop Production Efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria.

ABSTRACT  

This study examined the effects of climate change adaptation strategies on food crop production efficiency in Southwestern Nigeria. The study used multistage sampling technique and primary data were collected from 360 food crop farmers (i.e. 180 respondents were randomly selected from each selected state from the savanna and the rainforest agroecological zones that dominates the region). The analytical techniques involved descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results of the multinomial logit analysis showed that household size negatively influenced the use of multiple crop varieties, land fragmentation (i.e. multiple farm plots), multiple planting dates and crop diversification. Age of household head had an inverse relationship with the choice and use of multiple crop varieties, land fragmentation (multiple farm plots), multiple planting dates and off-farm employment.

Education had a negative effect on the choice and use of multiple crop varieties and multiple planting dates. Sex had positive influence on the choice and use of multiple crop varieties, multiple planting dates and off-farm employment but average distance had a positive relationship with the choice and use of land fragmentation. Tenure security positively influenced the choice and use of crop diversification but access to credit negatively correlated with multiple crop varieties, multiple planting dates and crop diversification.

INTRODUCTION  

The process of producing food requires resources, which could be natural or man-made resources. Natural resources include all the materials and forces that are supplied by nature. Those that are most essential for food crop production are land, water, sunshine, air, temperature and soil conditions. Man-made resources (include labour, capital or entrepreneurship) are supplied and influenced by man (Olayide & Heady, 1982; Oyekale, Bolaji & Olowa, 2009). Among the natural resources, climate is the predominant factor that influences food crop production.

Climate as defined by Oyekale et al. (2009) is the state of atmosphere, which is created by weather events over a period of time. A slight change in the climate will affect agriculture. According to Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defines climate change as a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global and/or regional atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods (IPCC, 2001).

It is obvious from this definition that change is an inherent attribute of climate, which is caused by both human activities (anthropogenic) and natural processes (biogeographical) (Odjugo, 2007, 2009). Climate change is already affecting people, their livelihoods and ecosystems and presents a great development challenge for the global community in general and for the poor people in developing countries in particular (Khanal, 2009). This also presents major challenges to scientists and policy makers. 

REFERENCES

Abdulai, A. & Huffman, W. (2000). Structural adjustment and economic efficiency of rice
farmers in Northern Ghana. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 48(3), 503-520.

Abdulai, A. & Huffman, W. E. (1998). An Examination of Profit Inefficiency of Rice Farmers in
Northern Ghana. (Staff Paper No. 296). Iowa State University, Deparment of
Economics

Adebayo, K., Dauda, T.O., Rikko, L.S., George, F.O.A., Fashola, O.S., Atungwu, et al. (2011).
Emerging and indigenous technology for climate change adaptation in the farming
systems of southwest Nigeria: Issues for policy action (ATPS Technobrief No. 27).
Nairobi, Kenya: African Technology Policy Studies Network.

Adebayo, K., Dauda, T.O., Rikko, L.S., George, F.O.A., Fashola, O.S., Atungwu, J.J., Iposu,
S.O., Shobowale, A.O. & Osuntade, O.B. (2011). Emerging and indigenous technology
for climate change adaptation in southwest Nigeria (ATPS Research Paper No. 10).
Nairobi, Kenya: African Technology Policy Studies Network.

Adegeye, A. J. & Dittoh, J. S. (1985). Essentials of Agricultural Economics (New ed.).Ibadan:
Impact Publishers Nig. Ltd.

Adger, W. N.; Huq, S.; Brown, K.; Conway, D. & Hulme M. (2003). Adaptation to Climate
Change in the Developing World. Progress in Development Studies No. 3.

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (2001). Farm income, Financial Conditions and Directorate
Government Assistance: Data book, Ottawa, Farm Income and Adaptation Policy,

Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.
Aigner, D. J. & Chu, S. F. (1968). ‘On Estimating the Industry Production Function’. American
Economic Review, 58: 826 – 839.

CSN Team.

APPLY NOW 👉 WORK IN CANADA WITH FREE SPONSORSHIP!


 

    Hey You!

    Don't Miss These Opportunity! Enter Your Details Below!


    => FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM | FACEBOOK & TWITTER FOR LATEST UPDATE

    Tags: , , ,

    Comments are closed.