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The Effects of Retrenchment on the Morale of Workers

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– The Effects of Retrenchment on the Morale of Workers –

ABSTRACT  

This research work is a study of Enugu State Civil Service. Survey research was used, which helped to standardize the researcher’s questions to the respondents. The researcher made use of both primary and secondary data to achieve the comprehensiveness of the study. To determine the sample size of the study, the researcher used Burley’s rule.

The key findings of the study are that retrenchment is perceived differently with a negative perception as an organizational change and as well workers always try to resist it due to the uncertainly it comes with, it ridicules permanence of services and create job insecurity, and also dampened the morale of workers.

Recommendations made include that a counseling section should be created as a structure to deal with the psychological and emotional trauma of the retrenchment exercise, settlement of retrenched workers with all entitlement should be immediate to enable them found another means of livelihood and also the involvement of stakeholders (Labour Union) in decision-making. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page………………………………………………………………………ii
Certification…………………………………………………………………..iii
Dedication…………………………………………………………………….iv
Acknowledgments……………………………………………………………v
Abstract……………………………………………………………………….vi
Table of content……………………………………………………………..viii

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study……………………………………………….1
1.2 Statement of the Problem………………………………………………3
1.3 Research Questions…………………………………………………….5
1.4 Objectives of the Study…………………………………………………6
1.5 Research Hypothesis……………………………………………………6
1.6 Significance of the Study……………………………………………….7
1.7 Scope and limitation of the Study………………………………………8
1.8 Definition of Terms…………………………………………………….9
Reference:……………………………………………………………..11

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction …………………………………………………………..12
2.2 Reasons for retrenchment of Workers…………………………………14
2.3 Implementation of Retrenchment……………………………………..19
2.4 Advantage and Disadvantages of Retrenchment……………………..22
2.5 Cost and Benefits of Retrenchment…………………………………..26
2.6 Effects of Retrenchment on Morale of Workers………………………37
2.7 Quality of Working Life and Retrenchment…………………………..31
2.8 Alternative to Retrenchment………………………………………….33
References…………………………………………………………….35

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Method and Design…………………………………………38
3.2 Sources of Date……………………………………………………….38
3.3 Date Collection and Method of Analysis…………………………..…39
3.4 Population of the Study………………………………………………41
3.5 Sample Size and Techniques…………………………………………43
3.6 Techniques and Analysis……………………………………………..45
3.7 Decision Rules……………………………………………………….46
3.8 Reliability and Validity of Data……………………………………….46
Reference………………………………………………………………48

CHAPTER FOUR
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
4.1 Presentation and Interpretation of Data………………………………49
4.2 Data Analysis…………………………… ……………………………53
4.3 Test of Hypothesis…………………………………………………….62

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of Finds……………………………………………………69
5.2 Conclusions…………………………………………………………..72
5.3 Recommendations……………………………………………………74
Bibliography………………………………………………………….78

INTRODUCTION  

A change in government can initiate and bring in political that might affect the economy and standard of living of any state or nation. This can lead to reorganization, reform, and restructuring within the tiers of the government. It is not uncommon for a job loss to result, and in some cases may create an avenue for the government to move forward and thrive. A range of factors may cause loss of employment from stringent politics, reform, and technological change to privatization, and to total displacement, retrenchment, or disengagement.

No single concise definition or universally used terminology exists to categorize such job losses. Terms used can include; Retrenchment, Redundancy, disengagement, downsizing, or lay-off. The term “retrenchment”, which covers a wide range of dismissal that does not relate to the conduct or capability of the workers and include; Job losses arising from a reduction in staffing requirements due to inefficiency gains or demand for the services Job losses arising from downsizing in operation or restructuring of the workforce following, for example, privatization.

Retrenchment is a government-initiated policy, ministry-wise to cut down the number of employees and subsequently, reduce costs incurred (Hansen and Twaddle, 2002:78). This policy is what the then Enugu State Governor in 1999 implemented in the Civil Service as a reform program by disengaging more than 4,500 civil servants in the state, but it created problems as low salary pay, no motivation, no benefits and allowances in time, poor management, nut instead the government sees it as a dysfunctional and high number of inadequate personnel redundancy, poor public service attitude and massive bureaucratic red type. 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Adebayo. A (2003:32), Principal and practice of public Administration in Nigeria;
Spectrum Book, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Basu R (2000:41), public Administration 3rd Reserved and Enlarged Edition.
New Delhi; sterling Publishers
Burke J. (2002:211), Sources of Managerial and Professional Stress in Large
Organization, “Cause, coping and consequences of stress
at work” John Wiley & sons Chichester, England.
Casccio, W. P. (2002:52), managing Human Resources: Productivity, Quality of
Work Life, Profits, New York, McGraw Hill.
Chukwuemeka E. and Abeh N.(2004:61), Public Administration and
Development. The Nigeria Experience, Maryland Printing
Press, Enugu.
Finer H (1999:112), Theory and practice of Modern Government, New York;
Henry and Co
Hansen. H & Twaddle. M (2002:78), Between Development and Decay, Fountain
Sterling Publishers Lagos.
Ikeagwu E.K (1998:21): Ground Work of Research Methods and Procedures by
Institution for Development Studies UNEC.

CSN Team.

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