The Fight against Bribery and Corruption in Nigeria. An Assessment of the : Current School News

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The Fight against Bribery and Corruption in Nigeria. An Assessment of the Performance of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC)

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The Fight against Bribery and Corruption in Nigeria. An Assessment of the Performance of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).

ABSTRACT

The issues of bribery and corruption have taken a central stage in the polity as a matter of grave concern to all well-meaning citizens and Nigerian government. This is in view of the endemic nature of the phenomenon in our society which hinders growth and indeed development.

Concerned  with  the issue of bribery and corruption, the Nigeria government has set up  the  Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and other institutions designed to combat the malaise and to promote good governance and transparency.

The major objective of the research work is to assess the performance of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) in its fighting against bribery and corruption in Nigeria. Data for the study were generated from both primary and secondary sources.

The instrument for primary data collection is questionnaires, while for the secondary data collection includes published and unpublished text. Well frame hypotheses are stated for the purpose of this research.

The study also revealed that irrespective of the fact that, the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has succeeded in  reducing  corruption in the country to some degree, the same Act that created the Commission has, on the other hand, constituted hindrance  to the Commission  by creating undue interference from the Office of the Attorney General of the Federation (AGF) and the Presidency, hence violating the autonomy of the Commission.

INTRODUCTION

Corruption has been the major problem bedeviling this country. It has virtually defied all solutions so far. In Nigeria bribery and corruption have assumed an alarming rate, established stronghold that the weekly star of 15th May, 1983, quoted in Achebe (1983.43), unequivocally maintains “that keeping an average Nigerian from being corrupt is like keeping a goat from eating yam”

Corruption has been recognized as the major enemy of man, it  is  however, lack of political will to begin to tackle this problem, except for Buhari/Idiagbon regime (1983-1985) and Obasanjo regime (1999-2007). Past futile intervention against corruption include  the corrupt practices Decree of 1975,   the public officer (investigation of Assets) Decree No 5 of 1976, supplemented by the code of conduct Bureau and code of conduct tribunal as provided for in the 1979 constitution.

Shehu Shagari ethical revolution (1979-1983), with a minister of cabinet rank in charge of “national guidance”, the “war against indiscipline” campaign under the Buhari and Idiagbon junta which was to some extent the only serious intervention and the National committee on corruption and other Economics crimes under Ibrahim Babangida (1985-93).

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Achebe, C. (1983) The trouble with Nigeria. Enugu: fourth  dimension publishers.

Amujiri, B.A. (2002) “Corruption in the Government circle”. In Ugwu C.O.T (ed) Corruption in Nigeria: Critical perspective. Nsukka: Chuka Educational publishers.

Anyebe, A.A. (2007), Public Administration in Nigeria: Challenges and Issues, Shereef Salam Press, Zarai.

Chuta. S.C. (2004) Corruption in Nigeria: Afro- Orbis publishers Co-Ltd. Duddley, B.J. (1982), Introduction to Nigeria Government and politics London: Macmillan press.

Girling John, (1997), Corruption, Capitalism and Democracy Londo Routlege. Goel, R.K. (1998) “Corruption and the Government size”; A Disaggregeted Analysis”. Public choice pp 107-120

Ikejiani- Clark, (1995). “Corruption in Nigeria”. In Onuoha, J.I and Ozioko, J.O.C (Eds). Contemporary Issues in the Social Sciences, Enugu: Acema publishers.

Mauro, paol (1997). The Effects of corruption on Growth Investment and Government Expenditure; Washington DC. Institute for International Economics pp. 83-107.

CSN Team.

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