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The Growth of Art Education in Benue State Secondary Schools Projects

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The Growth of Art Education in Benue State Secondary Schools Projects.

ABSTRACT

Fundamentally, art is self expression through visual factors arranged to satisfy the needs of a person. It is a procedure of technique and design for the conveyance of attitudes, ideas or personalised feelings in visual form. From various considerations on the subject, art is a human endeavour which requires skills. However, art as important as enumerated above had its share of problem of growth in Benue State Secondary Schools.

The major problems are lack of adequate manpower, materials, poor funding and the general negative attitude of some cultures and even government towards the subject. Furthermore, materials and infrastructure to gainfully involve those in the education sector of art in most cases are lacking.

This research is poised to determine the growth of art education in Benue State Secondary Schools and the extent to which it has achieved the objective of equipping students to live effectively in this modern age of science and technology. The research design used for this study was survey method.

The study was conducted in Benue State, using 500 selected art professionals, drawn randomly from among the art teachers in Benue State Secondary Schools, Staff of Benue State Art Council, Benue State Ministry of Education Staff, Staff of National Gallery of Art in Benue State and other private art professionals in Benue State.

These people were the source of the data collected and used for this study; they thus formed the sample size. One questionnaire instrument as well as one model question guide for personal interview were developed, validated and used for data collection.

The instrument (questionnaire) was administered on the sample subjects and their responses collected. The percentage recovery of the questionnaire on the subject was 87%. The researcher also personally interviewed some 50 other art professionals who responded variously.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page – – – – – – – – – – i

Approval Page – – – – – – – – – ii

Dedication – – – – – – – – – – iii

Acknowledgement – – – – – – – – iv

Table of Content – – – – – – – – – v

List of Tables – – – – – – – – – vii

Abstract – – – – – – – – – – viii

Chapter One: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study – – – – – – 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – – 9

1.3 Purpose of the Study – – – – – – – 10

1.4 Research Questions – – – – – – – 11

1.5 Significance of the Study – – – – – – 11

1.6 Scope of the Study – – – – – – – 12

Chapter Two: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – 13

2.2 Instructional Material Education – – – – – 20

2.3 Current Art Education and the Teacher’s New Role – – 21

2.4 Value of Art Education Application – – – – – 22

2.5 Summary of Related Literature – – – – – 24

Chapter Three: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Area of Study – – – – – – – – 31

3.2 Research Design – – – – – – – 31

3.3 Population and Sample – – – – – – 31 vi

3.4 Sample Technique – – – – – – – 32

3.5 Source of Data – – – – – – – – 32

3.6 Validity of the Instrument – – – – – – 33

3.7 Procedures for Data Collection and Analytical Techniques – 33

Chapter Four: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – 34

4.2 Available Art Materials in Selected Schools in Benue State 34

4.3 Analysis of Performance of Teachers Based on the Use or

Lack of Use of Materials – – – – – – 37

4.4 Summary of Findings – – – – – – – 38

4.5 Discussion of Findings – – – – – – – 39

Chapter Five: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – 44

5.2 Summary – – – – – – – – – 44

5.3 Conclusion – – – – – – – – 46

5.4 Recommendations – – – – – – – 47

5.5 Areas Suggested for Further Research – – – – 50

References -51

INTRODUCTION

The definition of art has never been satisfactorily established yet, probably because it is everywhere about us; it is taken for granted and rarely considered. It is however present in everything man makes to please his senses. Some authorities have however, tried to define art in various ways; Palmer in Usman (2001) defined art as “any individualized demonstration of a graphic or plastic nature, expressing symbols or concepts.

Fundamentally it is a self expressive process through visual factors arranged to satisfy the needs of the person who develops them.

It is a procedure of technique and design for the conveyance of attitudes, ideas or personalized feelings in visual form”. He explains: it is an integration of sensing, thinking, feeling and expression through the use of various media such as pencil, pen, clay, colour, wood metal to mention a few.

REFERENCES

Abimbade, A. (1991), “Production of Instructional Material Technology Education programmer With Emphasis on Verification and Utility” in Imogie et al (eds) Trends and Research in Education Technology. Ibadan. Associated book-makers Nigeria Ltd. Page. 23-32.

Akiga, S. (1991), Art Education is a Vital Organ of Educational Development. Raymond Publishers, Benue State.

Briggs, L.J. (1970), The Handbook of procedures for the design of instruction. Pitts burgh P.A America Institute of Research.

Brown, J.W. LEWIS, R,B, and Hardroad, F.F (1977), Audio-visual Instruction Technology, Media and Methods (5th Edition) New York McGraw, Hill Book Company.

Fatuyi, O. (1986), The Nigerian Art. ABU Printing Press, Zaria (1986).

Federal Republic of Nigeria; National Policy on Education (1981 Revised Yaba Lagos NERDC Press).

CSN Team.

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