The Knowledge Of Hepatitis B Virus Infection, Causes And Prevention Among Nnamdi Azikiwe Undergraduates
The Knowledge Of Hepatitis B Virus Infection, Causes And Prevention Among Nnamdi Azikiwe Undergraduates.
Background to the Study
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the most common viruses in the modern world and ranked by the WHO as one of the top ten killers (Samir,2013).
The virus is responsible for approximately 1.5 million deaths worldwide each year, two thirds of which are attributable to primary hepatic carcinoma following HBV infection (Martin, 2013; Heymann, 2014).
About 360 million people are chronically infected with HBV. These chronically infected persons are at higher risk of death from HBV-related liver cancer or cirrhosis by approximately 25% and over 4 million new acute clinical cases occur (World Health Organization, 2012; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2009).
Hepatitis B virus(HBV) is preventable with a safe and effective vaccine, the first vaccine against cancer due to HBV infection (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2013).
Hepatitis B virus is a well-known occupational hazard of health care workers and they are considered to be at substantial risk for acquiring or transmitting the virus because of the occupational contact with blood, blood products and other body fluids (Kohn et al., 2013).
The occupational risk for HBV acquisition varies according to the work place in the health care setting and time of exposure to the agent (Ciorlia & Zanetta, 2015).
The practice of modern medicine has widely contributed to increasing the cases and spreading the disease in the society.
Hepatitis B virus infection is common due to lapse in the sterilization technique of instruments or due to the improper hospital waste management as 10 to 20% health care waste is regarded hazardous and it may create variety of health risk (Taneja & Biswal, 2016).
Among the health care personnel, HBV is transmitted by skin prick with infected, contaminated needles and syringes or through accidental inoculation of minute quantities of blood during surgical and dental procedures.
Knowledge regarding HBV and safety precautions is needed to minimize the health care settings acquired infections among health personnel.
Health care personnel should have complete knowledge of HBV infections, importance of vaccinations and practice of simple hygienic measures apart from that of specific protective measures.
Abedi, Madani,Asadi and Nejatizadeh, (2012), Australia Antigen and Hepatitis in Accra, Ghana. 1n: British Med J; 13(4); 389-91.
Abedi, Madani,Asadi and Nejatizadeh, (2012)Hepatitis B awareness, testing, and knowledge among Vietnamese American men and women. Journal of Community Health, 30(6), 477-490.
Ahmed,Chowdhury, Chowdhury and Khatoon, (2010). Hepatitis B epidemiology in Asia, the Middle East and Africa. Vaccine, 18(1):S20–S22.
Ahmed,Chowdhury, Chowdhury and Khatoon, (2010). Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of hepatitis B screening and vaccination and liver cancer risks among Vietnamese Americans. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 18(1), 62-73.
Blumberg, Gerstley, Ford, London and Sutrike, (1976). Essentials of nursing research: appraising evidence for nursing practice. (7. ed.) Philadelphia PA: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Bowyer, (2011), Adolescents’ knowledge, beliefs, and behaviors regarding hepatitis B: Insights and implications for programs targeting vaccine-preventable diseases. Journal of Adolescent Health, 36(3), 178–186.
Capobianch and Cirombini, (2013). Hepatitis B virus infection: epidemiology and vaccination. Epidemiologic Reviews, 28(1), 112-125.
Causse,Delaunet and Ahmed , (2009). The Vietnamese Chapter. Doylestown: The Hepatitis B Foundation. Collected 9th of January, 2013, from http://www.hepb.org/pdf/english_vietnamese_chapter.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2009). Risk factors for hepatitis B infection in rural Vietnam. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 10(1), 97-102.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (2013). Health behavior and health education: theory, research and practice. (4. ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Chao, Keeffe,and E. B., (2008). A treatment algorithm for the management of chronic hepatitis B virus infection in the United States: 2008 update. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, 6:1315–1341.
Chen, (2010). Medicine, rationality, and experience: an anthropological perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ Pr
Ciorlia and Zanetta, (2015).. Knowledge about hepatitis B and predictors of hepatitis B vaccination among Vietnamese American college students. Journal of American College Health, 56(4), 377-382.
Darwin, (2013). Knowledge, attitudes and practices among people with chronic hepatitis B attending a hepatology clinic in Malaysia: a cross sectional study. BioMed Central Public Health, 12(601), 1-14.
Heymann, (2014). A multicentre molecular analysis of hepatitis B and blood-borne virus coinfections in Viet Nam. PLoS ONE, 7(6).
Hwang, Huang and Yi (2010). Chronic hepatitis B. Hepatology, 45:507–539.
Irwin Lok, A. S. F., and McMahon, (1950). Chronic hepatitis B: update 2009. Hepatology, 50:661–662.
Irwin, Moseley Endowed Chair, and Liu, (1950). Effects of a nurse-managed program on hepatitis A and B vaccine completion among homeless adults. Nursing Research, 58(1), 13–22..
Join Over 500,000+ Readers Online Now!
COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.