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The United States of America and the War Against International Terrorism: Analysis of the Invasion of Iraq

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The United States of America and the War Against International Terrorism: Analysis of the Invasion of Iraq.

ABSTRACT

This study takes a critical examination of the United States’ posture against international terrorism and the eventual military invasion of Iraq in 2003.

On the strength of data generated from secondary sources, and through objective content analysis and ex-post facto research design, we have been able to validate our hypothesis; viz, that the invasion of Iraq by the United States and her Western allies has not reduced the incidence of global terrorism.

That there is a positive link between America’s deepened oil interest in the Middle East and the prevalence of terrorist activities in the region.

Using orthodox Marxian political economy paradigm as our analytical framework, this study argues that the US preemptive military invasion of Iraq in 2003 was a well-targeted propaganda war built around new pretexts of weapons of mass destruction and links to terrorist organizations as a means of strengthening America’s global hegemony and consolidation of Washington’s political and economic stakes in the Middle East and Iraq in particular.

As such, the war on global terrorism championed by the US had essentially served as a means of fostering and advancing her national interest.

More still, it is equally our contention in this study, that despite America’s claim to be fighting global terrorism, there have been an upsurge and increased cases of terrorism resulting from the US invasion and occupation of Iraq.

To this end, America’s championed war on Iraq has not positively impacted on the incidence of global terrorism.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page. . . . . . . . . . i
Approval page. . . . . . . . . ii
Dedication. .. . . . . . . . . iii
Acknowledgement. . . . . . . . . iv
Abstract.. . . . . . . . . . v
List of tables and figures . . . . . . . . vi
Table of contents. . . . . . . . . vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study. . . . . . . . 1
1.2 Statement of the problem. . . . . . . . 4
1.3 Objectives of the study. . . . . . . . 5
1.4 Significance of the study. . . . . . . . 5
1.5 Literature Review. . . . . . . . . 6
1.6 Theoretical frame work. . . . . . . . 18
1.7 Hypothesis . . . . . . . . . . 20
1.8 Method of data collection. . . . . . . . 21
1.9 Method of data analysis . . . . . . . 21
1.10 Research design . . . . . . . 22

CHAPTER TWO: US-IRAQ SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL RELATIONS BEFORE 2003

2.1 America’s imperial ambition on Iraq. . . . . . . 23
2.2 Long term political influence of America’s oil companies in Iraq . . . 24
2.3 The relationship between the host government and the oil companies. . . 29
2.4 The expected profitability of Iraqi enormous oil fields to US government.. . 31
2.5 Exceptionally fine quality and quantity of Iraqi oil deposits… 32
2.6 Exceptionally low production cost and high per barrel profit returns of Iraqi oil . . 34

CHAPTER THREE: US INVASION OF IRAQ AND INCIDENCE OF GLOBAL TERRORISM.

3.1 Iraqi war and US global war on terrorism. . . . . . 38
3.2 US intelligence failure. . . . . . . . 40
3.3 Opposition to invasion of Iraq . . . . . . . 42
3.4 2004: Insurgence expansion after Iraqi invasion . . . . . 43
3.5 2010: US draw down on Iraq. . . . . . . . 45

CHAPTER FOUR: US OIL INTEREST AND TERRORIST ACTIVITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST

4.1 Examining US hydrocarbons and Geo-strategy.. . . . . 47
4.2 Issues on US search for weapons of mass destruction in Iraq… 50
4.3 Iraq and America’s petrodollar diplomacy. . . . . . . 57
4.4 US quest for steady oil flow from the Middle East and America’s dominance of the area. . . . . 59
4.5 The internally unstated US goal of securing the flow of oil from the Middle East. . . . . . . . . . . . 60
4.6 The unstated US goal of preserving dollar hegemony over the global oil market. . .  . . . 62
4.7 The unstated US goal of preserving dollar hegemony against competition from the Euro .65
4.8 The Macroeconomic and Geo-strategic analyses of the hidden truth. . 66

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary of research findings . . . . . . 73
5.2 Conclusion . . . . . . . . .75
5.3 Recommendations . . . . . . . .76

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Human history and interactions had been replete with various forms of conflict and power tussles right from the primitive stage of development to the present globalized and unipolar world.

Morgenthau (1967:40) once observed that nations that participate in international politics are either engaged in, preparing for, or recovering from conflicts.

Thus, the conflict has not only become an important factor that contributes to shaping the nature and character of international relations but also a deriving force of national interest.

Terrorism, not surprising, has become the latest form of conflict in the global political theatre.

The world conflict had transverse into several phases with different forms and shapes, tactics and methods, aims, and objectives since the first world war (1918 – 1939), thus, given birth to the era of contemporary terrorism.

Terrorists are known to have accessed weapons of mass destruction and igniting concerns over
nuclear, lethal, and biological weapons.

More still, terrorism, by every consideration, weight, application, and yardstick has universal condemnation because of the climate of insecurity and fear it creates in the global lenses.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Ahmed, N.M. (2003) Behind the War on Terror, Struggle for Iraq. East Sussed: Clairview.
Berelson, B. (1952) Content Analysis in communication Research. New York: Free Press.
Blair, J.M. (1976). The control of Oil. New York: Random House.
Dane, F.C (1990) Research Methods. California: Brooks and Co. Publishing Company.
Deffeyes, K. (2001). Hubberts Peak: The impending World Oil Shortage. Princeton: University Press.
Falode, B. (2002) Oil Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century. New York: St Martins Press.
Leege, D. and Francis, W. (1974) Political Research: Design, Measurement and Analysis. New York: Basic Books incorporated Publishers.

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