Utilization of Community Resources in the Implementation of Community Development Projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State
Utilization of Community Resources in the Implementation of Community Development Projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State.
The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community resources are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria.
To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of community development projects that are implemented utilizing community resources.
The extent of utilization of physical, human and institutional resources that are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area.
The extent to which factors militate against the effective utilization of community resources in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study.
TABLE OF CONTENT
TITLE PAGE i
APPROVAL PAGE ii
TABLE OF CONTENT vi
LIST OF TABLES ix
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1
Background to the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 8
Purpose of the Study 10
Significance of the Study 11
Research Questions 12
Scope of the Study 13
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 15
Conceptual Framework 15
Concept of utilization 15
Concept of community development 18
Concept of community resources 24
Theoretical Framework 38
Modernization theory 38
Management by objectives (MBO) model 40
Socialist theory 43
Review of Related Empirical Studies 44
Summary of the Reviewed Literature 53
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD 56
Design of the Study 56
Area of the Study 56
Population of the Study 58
Sample and Sampling Technique 58
Instrument for Data Collection 58
Validation of the Instrument 60
Reliability of the Instrument 60
Procedure for Data Collection 61
Method of Data Analysis 61
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 63
Research Question One 63
Research Question Two 64
Research Question Three 67
Research Question Four 69
Research Question Five 71
Test of Hypotheses 73
Summary of Major Findings 81
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 85
Discussion of the Findings 85
Educational Implications of the Study 95
Limitations of the Study 101
Suggestions for Further Research 101
Community development is a process of promoting better living for thewhole members of the community with the active participation and on the initiative of the community.
Oreh (2001) observed that community development is a process undertaken by people themselves, with or without support from an external body to improve their well being.
This implies that both the government and/or the people can undertake the initiation and implementation of community development projects.
Therefore, no matter who initiates or implements the projects, the aim is to make life more meaningful for the community members.
As such, community development combines the effort of the community members with the effort of the government or cooperating outside body to improve the living condition of people thereby encouraging development of various human potentials within the community (Chukwuezi, 2000).
From the fore-going, the community members can articulate their feltneeds and actively participate in development process in order to bring about positive change in their community.
This is because community development involves a comprehensive effort at overall human development rather than the piece meal approach pursued by the community or the government.
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Agboeze, C. (2006). Contributions and problems of Nru Development Union (NDU) to community development in Nru, Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. Department of Adult Education and Extra-Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Aina, N. F. (1982). Social Studies: A Book of Methodology. Ibadan: Evans Brothers Nigerian Publishers Limited.
Akinnagbe, O. Y. (2006). Mobilization of rural women for poverty alleviation in Okitipupa Local Government Area of Ondo State. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. Department of Adult Education and Extra-Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Anyanwu, C. N. (1992). Community Education and Development: Experience in West Africa. Ibadan: Abi Printing and Publishing Company.
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