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Utilization of Community Resources in the Implementation of Community Development Projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State

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Utilization of Community Resources in the Implementation of Community Development Projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State.

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed at assessing the extent to which community resources are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria.

To guide the study, five research questions were formulated with the intention of assessing the types of community development projects that are implemented utilizing community resources.

The extent of utilization of physical, human and institutional resources that are utilized in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area.

The extent to which factors militate against the effective utilization of community resources in the implementation of community development projects in Nsukka Local Government Area. Also, four null hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance and used to guide the study.

TABLE OF CONTENT

PAGE

TITLE PAGE i

APPROVAL PAGE ii

CERTIFICATION iii

DEDICATION iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v

TABLE OF CONTENT vi

LIST OF TABLES ix

ABSTRACT xi

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1

Background to the Study 1

Statement of the Problem 8

Purpose of the Study 10

Significance of the Study 11

Research Questions 12

Scope of the Study 13

Hypotheses 13

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 15

Conceptual Framework 15

Concept of utilization 15

Concept of community development 18

Concept of community resources 24

Theoretical Framework 38

Modernization theory 38

Management by objectives (MBO) model 40

Socialist theory 43

Review of Related Empirical Studies 44

Summary of the Reviewed Literature 53

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD 56

Design of the Study 56

Area of the Study 56

Population of the Study 58

Sample and Sampling Technique 58

Instrument for Data Collection 58

Validation of the Instrument 60

Reliability of the Instrument 60

Procedure for Data Collection 61

Method of Data Analysis 61

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA 63

Research Question One 63

Research Question Two 64

Research Question Three 67

Research Question Four 69

Research Question Five 71

Test of Hypotheses 73

Summary of Major Findings 81

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF THE FINDINGS,

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 85

Discussion of the Findings 85

Educational Implications of the Study 95

Conclusion 98

Recommendations 99

Limitations of the Study 101

Suggestions for Further Research 101

REFERENCES 103

INTRODUCTION

Community development is a process of promoting better living for thewhole members of the community with the active participation and on the initiative of the community.

Oreh (2001) observed that community development is a process undertaken by people themselves, with or without support from an external body to improve their well being.

This implies that both the government and/or the people can undertake the initiation and implementation of community development projects.

Therefore, no matter who initiates or implements the projects, the aim is to make life more meaningful for the community members.

As such, community development combines the effort of  the community members with the effort of the government or cooperating outside body to improve the living condition of people thereby encouraging development of various human potentials within the community (Chukwuezi, 2000).

From the fore-going, the community members can articulate their feltneeds and actively participate in development process in order to bring about positive change in their community.

This is because community development involves a comprehensive effort at overall human development rather than the piece meal approach pursued by the community or the government.

REFERENCES

Agbo, B. C. (2006). Impact of poverty alleviation strategies for rural dwellers, a case study of Ede Oballa Town in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. Department of Adult Education and Extra-Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Agboeze, C. (2006). Contributions and problems of Nru Development Union (NDU) to community development in Nru, Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. Department of Adult Education and Extra-Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Aina, N. F. (1982). Social Studies: A Book of Methodology. Ibadan: Evans Brothers Nigerian Publishers Limited.

Akinnagbe, O. Y. (2006). Mobilization of rural women for poverty alleviation in Okitipupa Local Government Area of Ondo State. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis. Department of Adult Education and Extra-Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Anyanwu, C. N. (1992). Community Education and Development: Experience in West Africa. Ibadan: Abi Printing and Publishing Company.

CSN Team.

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