ADS! Get Admission into 200 Level and Study any Course in any University of Your Choice. Low Fees | No JAMB UTME. Call 08063692710

Women Subordination in Ibibio Land

=>> CHAT Right HERE with Our Representative - Immediate Response


Women Subordination in Ibibio Land

ABSTRACT

In Ibibio land and in Nigeria at large, it is observed that the womanhood is reduced to a mere infidel and a second class citizen, hence, there is the commonality of general belief system that the best place for women is in the “Kitchen”.

This trend has brought about tremendous misrepresentation of women right at the level of the family down to the circular society. Ibibio society is patriarchal in nature which is a major feature of a traditional society.

The study set out to examine the issue of women subordination using Uyo metropolis as the study area. To achieve this objective, data ware gathered from 124 respondents resident in the study area. The study relied on both primary and secondary sources of data collection.

The cluster and random sampling techniques were used. The feminine theory as explained by Charles Fourier served as the theoretical framework for this work.

The simple percentage statistical tool was applied in the analysis process. The findings show that women are naturally made to be subordinated to men despite the policies made against the subordination and discrimination.

The study recommends the: Advocating for equitable distribution of housework, combating cultural practices that oppress women, promoting education of the girl child, challenging practices that promote son preference, and others.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Declaration     –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      i

Certification    –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      ii

Dedication      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iii

Acknowledgements –      –      –      –      –      –      –      iv

Abstract  –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      v

Table of Contents   –      –      –      –      –      –      –      vi

List of Tables  –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –      viii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  Introduction    –      –      –      –      –      –      –

1.1  Background of the Study       –      –      –      –      –

1.2  Statement of the Problems    –      –      –      –

1.3  Purpose of the Study     –     –      –      –      –

1.4  Significance of the Study       –      –      –      –      –

1.5  Research Questions –      –      –      –      –      –

1.6  Research Hypotheses     –      –      –      –      –

1.7  Scope of the Study –      –      –      –      –      –

1.8  Organization of the Study      –      –      –      –

1.9  Limitations of the Study –      –      –      –      –

1.10   Definition of Terms      –      –      –      –      –

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.0  Literature Review    –      –      –      –      –      –

2.1  Gender Subordination, Poverty and Literacy  –

2.3  Culture and the Subordination of Women     –

2.4  Culture: A Vessel for Female Subordination in

the African Novels   –      –      –      –      –      –

2.5  Gender Inequality and its Challenge to Women Development in Nigeria: The Religious Approach  –

2.6  Theoretical Framework   –      –      –      –      –      –

CHAPTER THREE

3.1  Introduction    –      –      –      –      –      –      –

3.2  Research Design     –      –      –      –      –      –

3.3 Area of Study   –      –      –      –      –      –      –

3.4 Research Population –      –      –      –      –      –

3.5 Sample Population   –      –      –      –      –      –

3.6 Sampling Technique –      –      –      –      –      –

3.7 Method of Data Collection       –      –      –      –      –

3.8  Instrument of Data Collection –      –      –      –

3.9  Validity and Reliability of Instrument     –      –

3.10 Tools for Data Analysis  –      –      –      –      –

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1  Section A: Personal Data Analysis –      –      –

4.2 Section B (Questionnaire Guide)    –      –      –

4.3  Discussion of Findings    –      –      –      –      –

4.4  Limitations of the Study –      –      –      –      –

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary –      –      –      –      –      –      –      –

5.2 Conclusion      –      –      –      –      –      –      –

5.3 Recommendations  –      –      –      –      –      –

References

Appendix

;

INTRODUCTION

The subordination of women to men can be seen very often in different situations. For example: irrespective of personal talents, women are usually not called to be heads of committees or chairpersons for social functions.

At the most, they might be included as assistants or committee members for the sole purpose of organizing the cooking and serving of food for most occasions.

Women’s subordination is therefore the relegation, downgrading and demotion of women to a secondary position in relation to men (Author 2002: 23)

Since early times women have been uniquely viewed as a creative source of human life. As individuals, women have participated in essentially all of the activities in human societies.

As a group, however, women have been identified with particular roles ascribed to them by their societies. Marriage and motherhood are the traditional roles of women.

This is not in denial, but women should have a wider choice of ways of life. Throughout history, women generally have fewer legal rights and career opportunities than men.

Wifehood and motherhood were regarded as women’s most significant progressions. Historically, they have been considered not only intellectually inferior to men but also a major source of temptation and evil.

The adoption of this system of inequality was never the result of deliberation, or fore whatsoever of what would be best for humanity or the good order of    society. It simply arose from the dawn of human bondage to some man.

REFERENCES

Abdelfattah, A. (2001). Racial Discriminations, Religious Intolerance and Education. Ibadan: Bindle Press.

Abeda Sultana (2011): Patriarchy and Women’s subordination: A Theoretical Analysis: Department of Political Science, University of Dhaka.

Aborisade Olasunkanmi (2014) Subordinated By Culture: Constraints of Women in Elective Politics in Nigeria. Ogbomosho  Ladoke Akintola University of Technology: Nigeria.

Afaf Jabiri (2013): Understanding the Subordination of women in the Arab Region; Wilaya, Opendemocracy.net.

Aitchison, C. (2007). Geographies of Muslim Identities: Diaspora, Gender and Belonging. Ashgate: Aldershot.

Andrew, J. (2013). National and World Religion Statistics. Lagos: Kingson.

Aries, B. (2015). Gender Disparity in Nigeria. Enugu: Okonjo and Okotex.

Barrett, M. (1980). Women’s Oppression Today: Problems in Marxist Feminist Analysis. London: Verso.

Boyle, A. and Sheen, O. K. (2015). Religious Diversity and Human Rights. New York: Columbia University Press.

Brownmiller, S. (1976): Against Our Will: Men Women and Rape. Harmonds Worth; Penguin.

Butler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble: feminism and the Subversion of identity. New York: Routledge.

Charvet, J. (1982). Modern Ideologies: Feminism. London: J. M. Dent and Sons Limited.

Cheryl Anderson (2004): Women, Ideology, and Violence: Critical Theory and the Construction of Gender in the Book of the Covenant and the Deuteronomic Law.

Claire, M. R. (2003). Women, men and Society. New York: “A and B” Publishers.

Cobuild, C. (2010). Advanced Illustrated Dictionary. Harper Collins Publishers. Ltd: Great Britain.

Cook, R. (1995). The Elimination of Sexual Apartheid: Prospect for the Fourth World. Washington: LLM Publishers.

Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly (2005). Women and Religion in Europe. London Cotton Publishers.

Cowell, A. (1994). Pope rules out debate on making women priest. New York Times, 8-9.

Darko, A. (1995). Beyond the Horizon: London: Fontana.

Dinner Stein (1976): The Mermaid and the Minotaur.

Doris Nyanta, Gabriel K., Ankrah, Opoku Kwasi (2017): Culture: A Vessel For Female Subordination in Three African Novels; Valley University, School of Education, Techmain, Ghana.

Ekpo, E. (2008). Women and Work in Africa. Uyo: Edimows.

El Sadaawi, N. (1975). A Woman at Point Zero Trans. Sherif Hetata. London: Zed, Books.

Emecheta, B. (1975). The Joys of Motherhood. Heinemann Publications.

Engels, F. (1940): The Origin of the Family, Private Property and State. London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Firestone, S. (1974): The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution. New York: Morrow.

Graham Perrett (2017): Discrimination Against Women Isn’t Unique To Any One Religion: The Huffington Post Australia Pty Ltd.

John Stuart Mill (1869): Women’s Subordination Through the Lens of Gender: Liberalism.

Linda Mcdowell (1986): Beyond Patriarchy: A Class- Based Explanation of Women’s subordination.

Makama, G. Allanana (2013): Patriarchy and Gender Inequality in Nigeria: The Way Forward-Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Sciences: Nasarawa State University.

Malcolm, N. S. (1997). International Law Fourth Edition. University of Cambridge: A. GROTIUS.

McDowell, L. (1986). Beyond Patriarchy. Oxford: Polity Press.

McDowell, L. and Pringle, R. (1992). Defining Women: Social Institutions and Gender Divisions. Oxford: Polity Press.

Natasha, W. (1997). Feminism: Sex Discrimination Acts Equal Pay Acts 1970. London: Convent Press.

National Development Strategy (1996): Women, Gender and Development.

Nicholson, L. (1990). Feminism and Postmodernism. London: Routledge.

Nina Katrin Johnannsdottir (2009): Patriarchy and the Subordination of women-From a Radical Feminist Point of View.

Nmah, P. E. (2003). Women’s right in Igbo Land: A Christian Appraisal. Aba: Soul Winners.

Nqobani Dube (2011): Culture and the Subordination of women.

Pamela, A. (2005). Criticism of Marxist and Socialist Feminism. London: Douglas Press.

Rayah, F. (2007). Women’s Groups and Women’s Subordination: an analysis of policies towards rural in Kenya. Review of African Political Economy.

Rose N. Uchem, Emmanuel S. Ngwa (2014): Subordination of Women in 21st Century Africa: Cultural Sustainability or a New Slavery? Implications for Educational Development.  University of Nigeria Nsukka.

Said, E. W. (1993). Culture and Imperialism Vintage Books, New York.

Sibani, C. M. (2013). The Politics of Gender and Power in Nigeria: The Christian Analysis. Journal of Theology, Religion and Cultural Studie, 1, (1), 28-44.

Sibani, C. M. (2014). Fundamentals of Religion and Culture in African Society. Enugu: Frankpana.

Simona, C. (2010). Questioning Women’s Subordination: Cross-Cultural Insights from Anthropology. Journal of Comparative Research in Anthropology and Sociology.

Stanko, E. A. (1988). Keeping Women in and out of line: Sexual harassment and occupational segregation. Ibadan: Milton.

Steinfels, P. (1995). Vatican says the ban on women as priest is infallible doctrine. New York Times, 12-15.

Stromquist, Nelly P. (1990). “Gender Inequality in Education: Accounting for Women’s Subordination,” British Journal of Sociology of Education, 11(2):137-153.

Valerie, B. (1999). Radical Feminism in the 21st Century. Durham: Duke.

CSN Team

Join Over 500,000+ Readers Online Now!

Subscribe NOW to Latest GIST from CSN PORTAL in Your EMAIL ADDRESS

Copyright Warning: Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: ,

Comments are closed.