10 Sample LSAT Test Questions 2020 and Nature of Examination
10 Sample LSAT Test Questions 2020: Are you prepared for the LSAT? Try these sample LSAT test questions to determine where to focus your study efforts. Answers are provided at the end of all the questions.
These questions are sampled on logical reasoning, analytical reasoning as well as reading comprehension and sample writing.
The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized test required for admission into law schools approved by the American Bar Association. The LSAT test uses three types of questions to measure your skills in critical reading, verbal reasoning, and analytical thinking.
I will give you details about the following
- Four Sections of LSAT
- Questions and Answers on Logical Reasoning
- Questions and Answers on Analytical Reasoning
- Writing Sample/Reading Comprehension with Questions and Answers
- Frequently Asked Questions on LSAT
The LSAT has four sections that are scored. Each 35-minute section is made up entirely of multiple-choice questions.
Two Logical Reasoning sections assess your ability to analyze and evaluate arguments. Not only will you have to determine whether arguments are strong or weak, but you’ll also have to understand precisely what causes that strength or weakness.
The Analytical Reasoning section, sometimes known as “Logic Games,” assesses your skills in basic logic, including deductive reasoning and finding structure within organized data. These test items are of the type “Alan, Beatrice, Carmel, and David all buy flowers. There are five different types of flowers: germanium….” Some of the games require matching skills, others require sequencing skills, and still, others will require both.
The Reading Comprehension section presents scholarly passages and assesses your ability to identify main ideas and details, draw inferences, and make extrapolations.
LSAT preparation can help improve scores in all areas of the test. Be aware, though, that doing your LSAT review before the test requires a slightly different approach than that used for many other standardized tests.
Your LSAT prep needs to focus your energies on honing your reasoning and reading skills over reinforcing your knowledge of facts. If you decide to put time into LSAT test preparation, concentrate on developing your skills in critical reading, verbal reasoning, and analytical thinking.
And, because of the uniqueness of the Logic Games, you will confront in the test, many people would argue that sharpening your analytical reasoning skills should be your highest priority during your LSAT prep.
Question on Logical Reasoning
When pregnant lab rats are given caffeine equivalent to the amount a human would consume by drinking six cups of coffee per day, an increase in the incidence of birth defects results. When asked if the government would require warning labels on products containing caffeine, a spokesperson stated that it would not because the government would lose credibility if the finding of these studies were to be refuted in the future.
Q1: Which of the following is most strongly suggested by the government’s statement above?
- A warning that applies to a small population is inappropriate.
- Very few people drink as many as six cups of coffee a day.
- There are doubts about the conclusive nature of studies on animals.
- Studies on rats provide little data about human birth defects.
- The seriousness of birth defects involving caffeine is not clear.
Ans.: The correct answer is (C). If the government acts before the study can be proven, it will lose credibility.
Q2: Buses 1, 2, and 3 make one trip each day, and they are the only ones that riders A, B, C, D, E, F, and G take to work.
Neither E nor G takes bus 1 on a day when B does.
G does not take bus 2 on a day when D does.
When A and F take the same bus, it is always bus 3.
C always takes bus 3.
Traveling together to work, B, C, and G could take which of the same buses on a given day?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- 3 only
- 2 and 3 only
- 1, 2, and 3
Ans.: The correct answer is (C).
Bus 1: If B, then no E or G
Bus 2: If D, then no G
Bus 3: C always
Bus 3: When A and F take the same bus.
Many, perhaps most, well-disposed, practical people would, if they had to designate a philosophy that comes closest to expressing their unstated principles, pick utilitarianism. The philosophy that proclaims as its sovereign criterion the procuring of the greatest good of the greatest number has indeed served as a powerful engine of legal reform and rationalization. And it is a crucial feature of utilitarianism that it is consequences that count. Now it is interesting that some judgments that are actually made in the law and elsewhere do not appear to accord with this thoroughgoing consequentialism. For instance, both in law and morals there are many instances of a distinction being made between direct and indirect intention — i.e., the distinction between on the one hand the doing of evil as an end in itself or on the other hand bringing about the same evil result as a consequence of one’s direct ends or means. So also the distinction is drawn between the consequences that we bring about by our actions and consequences that come about through our failures to act. Also, when bad consequences ensue from our actions and what was done was in the exercise of a right or privilege, the law is less likely to lay those bad consequences at our doorstep. And, finally, if the only way to prevent some great harm would be by inflicting lesser harm on yourself or others, then to the law is inclined to absolve us of responsibility for that avoidable greater harm. It is as if the net value of the consequences were not crucial, at least where the net benefit is procured by the intentional infliction of harm.
Not only are these distinctions drawn in some moral systems, but there are numerous places in the law where they are made regularly. Since in utilitarianism and consequentialism, in general, the ultimate questions must always be whether and to what extent the valued end-state (be it happiness or possession of true knowledge) obtains at a particular moment, inevitably, the judgments on the human agencies that may affect this end-state must be wholly instrumental: human actions can be judged only by their tendency to produce the relevant end-states.
Indeed it may well be that even the point and contents of normative judgments — whether legal or moral — are concerned not just with particular end-states of the world but also with how end-states are brought about. These kinds of substantive judgments take the form: there are some things one should just never do — kill an innocent person, falsely accuse a defendant in a criminal proceeding, engage in sex for pay. These are to be contrasted to judgments that this or that is an unfortunate, perhaps terrible, result that (other things being equal) one would want to avoid. The former is — very generally — judgments of right and wrong. It is wrong to do this or that, even if the balance of advantages favors it; a person is right to do some particular thing (help a friend, protect his client’s interests) even though more good will come if he does not.
Q3: The author’s point in the passage is primarily that:
- Law and utilitarianism are not always compatible.
- Utilitarianism is the operating philosophy of most people.
- Consequentialism is the basis for legal reform.
- Direct and indirect intentions lead to different end-states.
- Judgments about human actions can be made only by the resulting end-states.
Ans.: The correct answer is (a). The passage goes into great detail on how different types of “normative” law, laws based on the righteousness of action, are in contrast to utilitarianism, where it is only the net value of the important consequences.
Q4: Which of the following is NOT a feature of utilitarianism?
- Results are considered important.
- Consequences are considered important.
- The valued end-state is considered important.
- The means of achieving results are considered important.
- The net value of consequences is considered important.
Ans.: The correct answer is (D). Choices (A), (B), and (C) all say approximately the same thing about utilitarianism: it is the results, the consequences, the “end-states” that is important when taking action. Choice (E) can be inferred from the last sentence in the first paragraph, where the author states the lack of emphasis on the net value of consequences as a weakness of the non-utilitarian laws and judgments being described. Choice (D) is the correct answer — in utilitarianism, “procuring the greatest good of the greatest number” is important. The author goes to great lengths to contrast this idea with laws and judgments in which human actions, and not the results of those actions, are judged.
Writing Sample (sample only)
Alice Anderson is a senior at John Paul Jones University. She has been offered two positions as a result of her outstanding record in her major, Television and Radio Broadcasting. As her counselor, you are to write an argument favoring one of the two offers. Two considerations guide your decision:
* Alice has a large student loan debt that she has to begin to repay immediately upon graduation.
* Alice has as her career goal a position as a network news anchorperson.
WAND is the only television station serving a large area located some 250 miles north of the capital of the state. The station has offered Alice a job as a reporter whose principal assignments would be to cover the activities of local governments, politics, and business. In addition to her assigned stories, Alice would have the opportunity to independently prepare stories for possible broadcast. Because the station is small, has a very stable staff, and has limited growth prospects, Alice’s chances for advancement are not good. WAND’s owner is a former network executive who purchased the station to get away from the pressures of broadcasting in major markets. Alice would get only a modest salary at WAND, and she would have to supplement her income with outside work.
KBSC is one of three television stations located in the state capital. The station has offered Alice a job as a production assistant in the news department. She would primarily do background research and check facts and sources for the producers and reporters. Production assistants who work hard are promoted to positions as special assignment reporters in about two years. Many special assignment reporters are competing for assignments, most of which involve covering minor events such as political dinners, award ceremonies, and concerts and writing human-interest stories. Most special assignment reporters spend at least five years covering minor events before moving into a position as a general report-anchorperson. KBSC would pay Alice a salary over the amount she would need to live comfortably in the city.
Jason enters six races: biking, canoeing, horseback riding, ice skating, running, and swimming. He places between first and fifth in each. Two places are consecutive only if the place numbers are consecutive. Jason’s places in canoeing and running are consecutive. His places in ice skating and swimming are consecutive. He places higher in biking than in horseback riding. He places higher in canoeing than in running.
Q5: If Jason places higher in running than in biking and places higher in biking than in ice skating and swimming, which one of the following allows all six of his race rankings to be determined?
- He places fourth in horseback riding.
- He places fourth in ice skating
- He places the same in both horseback riding and ice skating.
- He places the same in both horseback riding and swimming.
- He places higher in horseback riding than in swimming.
Ans.: The correct answer is E.
Q6: If Jason places higher in running than in biking and places higher in horseback riding than in ice skating, exactly how many of his rankings can be determined?
Ans.: The correct answer is E.
Q7: Assume that Jason’s rank in running is higher than his rank in ice skating and consecutive with it and that his rankings in swimming and running differ. Which one of the following must be true?
- Jason places both first and second.
- Jason places both first and third.
- Jason places both second and fourth.
- Jason places both second and fifth.
- Jason places both fourth and fifth.
Ans.: The correct answer is C.
Q8: The recent proliferation of newspaper articles in major publications that have been exposed as fabrications serves to bolster the contention that publishers are more interested in selling copy than in printing the truth. Even minor publications have the staff to check such obvious fraud.
The above argument assumes that
- Newspaper stories of dubious authenticity are a new phenomenon
- Minor publications do a better job of fact-checking than do major publications
- Everything a newspaper prints must be factually verifiable
- Only recently have newspapers admitted to publishing erroneous stories
- Publishers are ultimately responsible for what is printed in their newspapers
Ans.: The correct answer is E.
Q9: Historians frequently argue that an outlet for population overflow is required for a country’s economy to prosper. But we need to look no further than our shores to find counterevidence: Cuba has long been able to rid itself of its surplus population by sending people here, and yet its economy has done quite poorly.
The reasoning above is most vulnerable to which one of the following criticisms?
- It mistakenly interprets the historians to be claiming that a factor that guarantees, rather than is necessary for, a result.
- It relies on evidence that merely restates the argument’s conclusion.
- It uses an analogy that ignores an important distinction between the things being compared.
- It attacks a view by calling into question the character of the supporters of that view.
- It presents an argument without offering any evidence in support.
Ans.: The correct answer is A.
Q10: A hundred students of Midtown college were asked to pick their preference for one of three genres of movies: romantic, drama, and tragedy. Each of them picked one of the three genres. More than half picked romantic, more than a quarter picked drama and at least one picked tragedy. When asked about the genre of the movie Titanic, however, more than three quarters viewed it as a romantic movie.
If all of the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true?
- Only the students whose preferences were romantic and drama genres of movies viewed Titanic as a romantic movie.
- Only the students whose preferences were romantic and tragedy genres of movies viewed Titanic as a romantic movie.
- At least one student from each genre of movies viewed Titanic as a romantic movie.
- Some students whose preference was romantic genres of movies viewed Titanic as a romantic movie.
- Some students whose preference was tragedy genres of movies viewed Titanic as a romantic movie.
Ans.: This is the correct answer is D. The minimum number of students whose preference is Romantic movies is 51. This means that the maximum number of students whose preference is drama or tragedy movies is 100−51=49. This is less than 75% of all surveyed students. Since the number of students who view Titanic as a romantic movie is more than 75%, some students whose preference is romantic movies must view Titanic as a romantic movie.
LSAT Frequently Asked Questions
Before the Test
Ques.: Can I cancel my LSAT registration and receive a refund?
Ans.: If you send us a signed and completed Refund Request form (PDF) by the refund deadline associated with your test date, you are entitled to a partial refund. We will also accept a signed, dated letter as long as we receive it by the appropriate deadline date.
Ques.: Can I withdraw my LSAT registration after the refund deadline has passed?
Ans.: Yes. You may withdraw your LSAT registration in the LSAT Status section of your LSAC.org account once the refund deadline has passed and until 11:59 p.m. (ET) the night before the test. No refund will be issued, and your LSAT registration cannot be reinstated once withdrawn.
Ques.: I have a fee waiver. How do I withdraw my registration?
Ans.: You may withdraw your LSAT registration in the LSAT Status section of your LSAC.org account once the refund deadline has passed. You must complete your withdrawal by 11:59 p.m. (ET) the night before the test. Once your registration is withdrawn, you may register for another LSAT that is administered within your two-year fee waiver period.
Ques.: How do I make changes to my biographical information (e.g., name, date of birth) after I have registered for the LSAT?
Ans.: Complete, sign, and send us the LSAC Biographical Information Changes form (PDF), with a copy of your ID if you need to correct your name, date of birth, or Social Security/Social Insurance number. You can make any other changes right in your LSAC.org account. Note: To be admitted to the test center, the first and last name listed on your ID must match exactly the first and last name printed on your LSAT Admission Ticket.
Ques.: Can I change my test date?
Ans.: Yes, if your administration’s test date change deadline has not yet passed. The easiest way to change your test date is through your LSAC.org account. However, you may submit a signed and completed Test Date Change form (PDF) or a signed and dated written request instead.
Note that you must pay an administrative fee when requesting a test date change.
Ques.: Under what circumstances would I be ineligible to take the LSAT?
Ans.: If you served as a test center staff member for the LSAT, you may not take the LSAT in the subsequent 24-month period. If you plan to take the LSAT within 24 months of having either supervised an LSAT administration or worked as part of the testing staff at an LSAT administration, you must notify us when you register for the test.
LSAC will review the request and either honor the registration or offer an alternative test center or date. We must receive your notification by the registration deadline of the requested test date. Failure to abide by this requirement may result in the initiation of a misconduct and irregularities proceeding.
In addition, if you do not agree to the terms and conditions of the LSAT Candidate Agreement, you will not be able to print your admission ticket and will not be permitted to take the LSAT.
Ques.: How many times may I take the LSAT?
Ans.: LSAC is committed to providing a fair and equitable testing program and maintaining the integrity of the LSAT. We will be updating our test-taking limit policy later this summer, and it will go into effect with the September 2019 LSAT administration. We estimate that this policy will impact a small number of people — less than 1 percent of all LSAT test takers.
Starting with the September 2019 test administration, test takers will be permitted to take the LSAT:
- Three times in a single testing year (the testing year goes from June 1 to May 31).
- Five times within the current and five past testing years (the period in which LSAC reports scores to law schools).
- A total of seven times over a lifetime.
- This policy is forward-looking, not retroactive. Tests taken prior to September 2019 will not count against these numerical limits.
In addition, test takers will not be permitted to retake the LSAT if they have already scored a 180 (perfect score) within the current and five past testing years, the period in which LSAC reports scores to law schools. This aspect of the policy will be applied retroactively.
There will be an appeals process for test takers who have special circumstances and want to request an exception to this policy.
After the Test
Ques.: How can I enquire about a test question?
Ans.: If, while taking the LSAT, you find what you believe to be an error or ambiguity in a test question that affects your response to the question, report it to the test supervisor as soon as you finish the test and write immediately to:
Law School Admission Council
Test Development Group
662 Penn Street
PO BOX 40
Newtown, PA 18940-0040 USA
Email: [email protected]
LSAC will respond to all reasonable inquiries about test questions, but to be entitled to the formal review process described in the LSAC Policies and Procedures Governing Challenges to Law School Admission Test Questions, your inquiry must be made within 90 days of the date on the LSAT Candidate Report and must include the reasons why you believe there is an error or ambiguity.
Your inquiry should include your name and address, the number of the question, the section in which it occurred, and the question type. LSAT Test Specialists will review your inquiry and send a written response.
If the response does not answer your concerns, you can request further review by a panel of expert reviewers not otherwise associated with LSAC.
Ques.: When will I receive my test score?
Ans.: If you have an LSAC.org account, you will receive your score by email approximately three to four weeks after taking the test. Please keep your email address current in your LSAC.org account to receive your score promptly.
Ques.: How do I cancel my score?
Ans.: Beginning the day after the test, you may cancel your score on the LSAT Status page of your LSAC.org account. This option will only be available to you within six calendar days after the test. The deadline to cancel your score online will be 11:59 p.m. (ET) on the sixth day after your LSAT date. More information is available at Canceling Scores.
Ques.: How will my scores be reported?
Ans.: They will automatically report the results of all LSATs in your file, including cancellations and absences, since June 1, 2014. The scores are averaged and are also listed separately. Scores earned prior to June 2014 are not available to anyone for any purpose.
Ques.: How long should I keep records?
Ans.: Because some state bar associations inquire about the law school admission records of those seeking admission to the bar, you should maintain complete copies of all law school application records throughout the admission cycle and your law school career.
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