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Major Differences Between Orange and Tangerine People don’t Notice

Filed in Education by on April 27, 2021

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Difference Between Orange and Tangerine: Tangerine and orange are two citrus fruits that are closely related to each other. They are not the same as these fruits differ in many aspects like their shape, smell, and taste.

10 Major Differences Between Orange and Tangerine

Oranges are second in size to grapefruit, while tangerines are smaller than oranges. Nutritionally, oranges and tangerines are very similar. One cup of each fruit contains about 100 calories, 1 gram of fat, and 26 carbohydrates.

About Oranges

Oranges are a pomelo and mandarin hybrid, originate from Asia, and are the fruits of Citrus sinensis or the sweet orange species of trees. Oranges are mostly grown and produced in Florida, California, Arizona, and Texas. Some examples of oranges are Navel, Valencia, and Blood Orange.

Oranges may differ somewhat in size and shape depending on the variety, but the fruits are mostly globular. Orange is known to be more acidic having a pH value of 2.4- 3. The acidity of oranges differs according to the size.

About Tangerine

Tangerine, or Citrus tangerine, is a group of red-orange colored citrus fruits that are hybrids of mandarins. They were first grown in the 1800s by Major Atway in Palatka, Florida, and are said to have been imported from Tangier, Morocco thus the name Tangerine means Tangier.

Tangerines are sweeter than oranges, less acidic, have a shorter aftertaste, and are more flavorful. They are smaller, less rounded, and characterized by flattened tops and bottoms. However, they have a loose, reddish-orange skin that is easy to peel and the segments can be easily separated.

Tangerines are considered to be having their birth in China and Japan. It has been said that citrus fruits have been cultivated in these two countries for over 3,000 years. It was only in the late 19th century that reached Europe. Oranges have their origin in South East Asia.

The tangerine (Citrus reticulata L. var., sometimes referred as Citrus x tangerina) is a group of orange-coloured citrus fruit consisting of hybrids of mandarin orange (Citrus reticulata) with some pomelo contribution.

The name was first used for fruit coming from Tangier, Morocco, described as a mandarin variety. Under the Tanaka classification system, Citrus tangerina is considered a separate species. Under the Swingle system, tangerines are considered a group of mandarin (C. reticulata) varieties.

More About Tangerines

More About Tangerines

Some differ only in disease resistance. The term is also currently applied to any reddish-orange mandarin (and, in some jurisdictions, mandarin-like hybrids, including some tangors).

Tangerines are smaller and less rounded than common oranges. The taste is considered less sour, as well as sweeter and stronger, than that of an orange.

A ripe tangerine is firm to slightly soft, and pebbly-skinned with no deep grooves, as well as orange in color. The peel is thin, with little bitter white mesocarp. All of these traits are shared by mandarins generally.

Peak tangerine season lasts from autumn to spring. Tangerines are most commonly peeled and eaten by hand. The fresh fruit is also used in salads, desserts, and main dishes.

The peel is used fresh or dried as a spice or zest for baking and drinks. Fresh tangerine juice and frozen juice concentrate are commonly available in the United States.

Notable Difference Between Orange and Tangerine

1. Oranges are second in size to grapefruit, while tangerines are smaller than oranges.

2. Oranges are sweet and tangerines are less sour or tart than oranges.

3. The peel of tangerine can be easily removed, unlike the orange.

4. Tangerines and Oranges have similar nutrient profiles.

Both oranges and tangerines are available year-round depending on the cultivar.

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