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Teaching methods that can visibly improve the education system.
To reach the optimal level in creating and managing an educational activity, teachers must focus on the manner in which this activity develops in class.
Problems that are related to organizing the class, as well as solving conflicts that may appear along the way are an active part of the education process. Applying suitable teaching methods is mandatory to improve the results of the students.
They also hold an important place in forming professors. Selecting the proper teaching methods is the first step in achieving superior pedagogical performance. The teacher’s teaching style and his personality will also influence how the educational process develops.
The teacher-student relationship is influenced by the type of teaching method that a professor decides to use. This choice will be altered by a series of factors that have to do with the students, the environment in which the activity takes place and more.
Education changes constantly, and the innovations are even more visible in today’s world when technology tends to invade all aspects of life. Using technology and including it in the new teaching methods that seem to be more efficient than traditional ones is no longer a projection.
It is happening at the moment in many schools and it proved to be effective. The new teaching methods that are adopted in education are student-centered, result-oriented, and performance-driven. They encourage a participatory learning process based on personal and social experiences while making use of the students’ creative potential and analytical thinking.
Interactive teaching methods centered on emotional response
The first category of teaching methods that were not used very often in the past but became relevant today through improvements is based on emotional response. By using traditional methods, teachers often overlook the way their students feel. Because teaching only theory is too technical, emotional response teaching methods rely on activities that give students the chance to express their emotions and opinions.
For instance, role play can allow students to get to know each other better in different situations. Through this method, students have to picture themselves into certain situations inspired by real social life. They will need to act in different ways, expose various behaviors, thus approaching the cognitive and affective characteristics of the student.
Role-playing develops empathy, forms new skills, encourages collaboration, self-control, and self-disclosure. Students get to express their beliefs in an organized environment where they are not judged. It is an innovative way to receive and interpret information.
Communication teaching methods based on debate
The method of the educational debate has been around for a while, but not many teachers adopt it as often as they should. Communication teaching methods that are based on debate represent structured forms of education that are mostly based on dialogue.
Teachers will separate children in teams and have multiple rounds of debate where students have to communicate their own arguments based on logical reasoning and valid evidence. Personal views and opinions won’t affect the arguments brought into discussion during a debate. The main advantages of using this teaching method are developing communication skills, bettering argumentation skills, encouraging autonomy, strengthening confidence and more.
Brainstorming, on the other hand, involves creative thinking and unique ideas. This is part of the teaching methodology of creativity. Alex Osborn was the one who came up with the brainstorming method, mentioning that he believed education was strongly related to the fundamental mechanism of creativity.
Pupils are encouraged to share all their ideas regarding a certain topic. They can also intervene in the ideas of their colleagues, but not to bring counter-arguments, but to expand their idea. No one is allowed to make appreciations regarding the promotes ideas, but the winning ones will be evaluated at the end of the brainstorming activity. The brainstorming method encourages cognitive interaction, spontaneity and class participation.
Interactive research methods based on technology
Professors can make use of different devices to present their information in a more engaging manner. Interactive research involves using the Internet as a main source of information.
Including technology in the classroom is still not mainstream because not all education institutions afford to buy tablets for all students, as well as other tech equipment that may be required in the process. Even so, the emerge of smart boards or other devices that make content interactive are highly appreciated by students. Information is now easier to access and students can even take courses from home.
The rapid evolvement of technology will have an impact on the education system. Because they have more resources for observation and case studies, students will improve their unilateral perceptions, they will learn how to approach things differently, how to formulate better conclusions. Technology also has a downside – students will be required to distinguish between good and poor sources of information.
Communication teaching methods based on cooperation
Teaching methods that mostly rely on cooperation have special informational valences for students. Focus-group methods focus on producing ideas through interactions and inter-influencing.
The process of developing seemingly free ideas is directed and controlled by teachers who present the problem, set rules, maintain focus on the chosen theme, and – at the same time – generate an increase of the number of ideas and solutions that students come up with.
Students can express their feelings, emotional states, opinions, attitudes, arguments, and counter-arguments. The atmosphere is not governed by stress, divagations are prevented and discussion is encouraged.
Promoting modern teaching methods instead of the theory-centered methods of today is a change that education needed. It is important for the learner to identify with the learning task he receives.
The focus is no longer placed on the amount of information a student can assimilate, but on the value of the information for that student. Students discern between what has value and practical utility and what is lacking these properties. They have to think critically, creatively, and constructively. New education practices are making their way including teaching methods that feature active, participatory activities, in which learning has an adaptive and fulfilling character.
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