NABTEB Civic Education Questions and Answers 

Filed in Exam by on February 21, 2024

To successfully tackle NABTEB Civic Education questions, it’s important to have a thorough understanding of the fundamental topics within the subject.

NABTEB Civic Education Questions

In NABTEB exams, Civic Education checks what you know about being a citizen, how the government works, your rights and duties, and issues in society.

It does not matter whether you’re a student or guiding others as an educator, these provided NABTEB Civic Education Questions and Answers are invaluable for success.

NABTEB Civic Education Questions

1a. Who is a human trafficker?

b. State six consequences of human trafficking.

2a. Define Public Service.

b. State six ways of improving the Nigerian Public Service.

3a. Explain the term “secret cult”.

b. Mention three reasons why students join secret cult.

c. State three reasons why secret cult should be discouraged in our society.

4a. What is the full meaning of NDLEA?

b. Explain three ways of preventing drug abuse.

c. State six effects of drug abuse.

5a. What is national consciousness?

b. State four ways of promoting national consciousness.

6a. What is youth empowerment?

b. List three youth empowerment skills.

c. Explain the following practical skills:

(i) Tailoring

(ii) Photography

(iii) Carpentry

Answers for NABTEB Civic Education Questions

1a. Who is a Human Trafficker?

A human trafficker is a person who illegally trades and exploits people for various reasons such as turning them into slaves, using them for sex, or making them work against their will.

b. Consequences of Human Trafficking

(i) Physical and mental suffering: People who become victims of human trafficking commonly experience physical injury, sexual exploitation, and emotional distress, which result in long-term health problems.

(ii) Loss of freedom and control: Victims are deprived of their freedom and are forced to do things that they do not want to do.

(iii) Fear and isolation: Traffickers have the power to control the victims through threats, violence, and manipulation.

(iv) Social rejection: A lot of trafficking survivors face social stigma, discrimination, and rejection from their families and communities, which makes it difficult for them to reintegrate.

(v) Loss of education and skills: Trafficked kids tend to be deprived of education and skill development, which prevents them from having better prospects and keeps them in poverty.

(vi) Economic exploitation: Trafficked victims are often employed in exploitative and risky jobs, receiving no pay or very low pay which further contributes to the existing economic inequalities.

(vii) Spread of diseases: Unhygienic and congested environment also increases the risk of infectious diseases including sexually transmitted infections among the victims of trafficking.

2a. Define Public Service

The term public service covers the various government bodies and their employees who are accountable to the public and responsible for providing the necessary services and implementing government policies.

This involves ministries, departments, agencies, and personnel who are responsible for public service delivery, provision of public goods, and promotion of the general well-being of citizens.

2b. Ways of Improving the Nigerian Public Service

(i) Merit-Based Recruitment: Ensuring that people are chosen for the positions and promotions based on their qualifications and capabilities rather than on the personal connections they have.

(ii) Continuous Training and Development: Creating training programs that will continually improve the skills and competence of the public servants.

(iii) Accountability Measures: The need for the creation of efficient mechanisms for the evaluation of and accountability of public servants for their actions, transparency, and responsible behavior is evident.

(iv) Equitable Compensation: To retain the best and the brightest, public servants should be paid fairly and competitively.

(v) Adoption of Technology: Integration of contemporary technologies that will aid in making processes easy, boosting productivity, and improving service delivery.

(vi) Reducing Bureaucratic: Simplifying administrative processes to reduce bureaucracy and enhance speedy decision-making.

(vii) Fostering Ethics and Integrity: Building a culture of honesty, ethical behavior, and integrity among civil servants.

3a. Define “Secret Cult”

A secret cult group is a secretive and organized group with undercover members. These acts contradict society’s norms.

3b. The Reasons Why Students Join the Secret Cult

(i) Peer pressure or influence from friends

(ii) Looking for protection or security, particularly in circumstances where they feel unsafe to threats.

(iii) The lust for power and influence

3c. Reasons Why Secret Cult Should Be Discouraged

(i) Violence and Criminal activities: Secret cults are often linked to violent and criminal activities, posing a danger to the safety of individuals.

(ii) Academic Distraction: Participation in secret cults can distract students from their academic pursuits, negatively affecting their educational and personal growth.

(iii) Erosion of Values: Secret cults may promote values contrary to societal norms, contributing to the erosion of moral principles and ethical behavior.

(v) Loss of Lives and Property: The actions of secret cults frequently result in loss of lives, injuries, and property damage, posing a significant threat to overall societal security.

(vi) Impact on Mental Well-being: Involvement in secret cults can have harmful effects on individuals’ mental health, leading to stress, anxiety, and emotional distress.

4a. What is the Full meaning of NDLEA?

NDLEA is an abbreviation for the National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

It is a federal law enforcement agency in Nigeria mandated with the responsibility of curtailing drug trafficking, illicit drug use, and drug-related crimes in the country.

4b. Ways of Preventing Drug Abuse

(i) Education and Awareness: Integrate drug education programs in schools and communities to educate individuals on the consequences of drug abuse.

(ii) Improved Healthcare Access: Provide simple access to healthcare services, including mental health support and drug addiction treatment.

(iii) Strong Family Support: Develop healthy family relationships and promote open communication to help people in the right decision-making and stay away from drug abuse.

(iv) Strict Enforcement of Laws: Enforce and observe the laws regulating the production, distribution, and sale of drugs to avoid involvement in illegal drug activities.

(v) Community Involvement: Foster community relationships by organizing drug-free events, featuring positive role models, and participating in outreach programs.

(vi) Prescription Drug Monitoring: Establish the systems for monitoring the prescription and dispensing of medications to prevent misuse and addiction to prescription drugs.

4c. Effects of Drug Abuse

(i) Physical Health Issues: Drug abuse may lead to many physical health issues such as cardiovascular problems, liver damage, and a weakened immune system.

(ii) Mental Health Disorders: Drug abuse is associated with the development or aggravation of mental health disorders like anxiety, depression, psychosis, and personality disorders.

(iii) Impaired Cognitive Function: Long-term drug abuse can inhibit cognitive functions such as memory, attention span, problem-solving capacity, and decision-making power.

(iv) Social and Relationship Strain: Drug abuse can put a strain on relationships, thus leading to arguments between loved ones.

(v) Legal Issues: Drug abuse can lead to legal problems, including arrests, fines, and imprisonment, particularly when drug possession or distribution laws are violated.

(vi) Academic and Occupational Challenges: Drug abuse can hurt academic performance, resulting in poor grades, and dropping out of school. 

5a. What is National Consciousness?

National consciousness is the common perception and feeling of being part of one nation, having an identity, and feeling proud about it.

It includes the identification and comprehension of shared values, history, culture, and symbols that unite people in a country.

5b. Ways of Promoting National Consciousness

(i) Educational Integration: Incorporate teaching about national history, values, and civic duties into the educational curriculum.

(ii) Cultural Celebrations: Organize events, festivals, and ceremonies, that celebrate the nation’s diverse cultural heritage, thus creating a sense of pride and unity.

(iii) Respect for Patriotic Symbols: Promote the exhibition and respect of national symbols like the flag and the anthem.

(iv) Community Engagement: Promote community involvement in civic affairs, volunteering, and local ventures that contribute to the welfare of the country.

(v) Media and Communication: Use media platforms to accentuate national achievements, uphold unity, and create a dialogue on civic obligations.

(vi) Leadership and Governance: Make sure that the leaders set and maintain the national values, ethics, and principles and inspire the citizens to do the same.

6a. What is Youth Empowerment?

Youth empowerment is the act of equipping young individuals with essential knowledge, skills, resources, and opportunities to actively engage in society. 

It entails enabling young people to make positive contributions to their communities, participate in decision-making, and assume leadership roles.

b. Youth Empowerment Skills

(i) Life coping skills

(ii) Manipulative skills

(iii) Communication skills

(iv) Intellectual skills

c. Practical Skills

6ci. Tailoring

Tailoring means being able to sew and make your clothes.

This skill is a valuable one for youths who will be able to find a job in the area of making and designing clothes.

It is not only about making money but also it promotes creativity and entrepreneurship among the young population.

6cii. Photography

The skill of photography for youth is taking photos with a camera.

Through photography, youths can communicate artistically, experimenting with different subjects, styles, and points of view.

Learning photography not only provides a skill but also a tool for self-expression, business or career growth.


Carpentry as a skill for young people is a woodworking skill that is used to build various wooden objects.

Acquiring the art of carpentry provides the youth with practical skills that enable them to make useful things from scratch.

Answers for NABTEB Civic Education Questions (Objective)






Studying NABTEB Civic Education questions is a great way for students to improve their grasp of civic principles and responsibilities. 

When getting ready for exams, concentrate on important topics, practice with past questions, and make sure to review thoroughly.

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