WAEC Animal Husbandry Syllabus 2022/2023- (ALT B) | See Current Animal Husbandry Syllabus Here

Filed in Exam, WAEC News by on March 23, 2023

The WAEC Animal Husbandry Syllabus 2023 is out. The Animal Husbandry (ALT B) 2022/2023 West African Examination Council (WAEC) Syllabus is aimed at preparing candidates for the Board’s examination.

WAEC Animal Husbandry Syllabus

This is a comprehensive syllabus on Animal Husbandry ALT B for the 2020/2021 West African Examination (WAEC).

WAEC Animal Husbandry Syllabus

The syllabus presents animal husbandry as a means of livelihood, with a focus on developing knowledge and entrepreneurial skills in the field.

Candidates will be expected to answer questions on all the topics listed under the “Syllabus” column.

The accompanying notes indicate the questions that will be asked, but they do not provide an exhaustive list of examples and limitations.

Candidates should be familiar with a variety of topics, including external parasites (such as lice, mites, and fleas) and internal parasites (such as tapeworms, roundworms, hookworms, pinworms, liver flukes, and trypanosomes), as well as their life cycles, prevention, and control.

Aims and Objectives

The syllabus aims to evaluate candidates’ proficiency and abilities in the following areas:

1. Fundamental animal husbandry practices, including feeding, housing, and pest and disease management;

2. Effective and productive management of animal operations;

3. Efficient methods of processing, preserving, packaging, storing, and marketing animal products;

4. Foundational entrepreneurial skills related to animal husbandry vocations;

5. Fundamental comprehension and expertise in animal health and improvement.


Schools that offer Animal Husbandry courses are required to raise at least one type of farm animal from each of the following categories:

1. Monogastric animals, such as poultry, pigs, snails, camels, donkeys, horses, rabbits, and bees.

2. Ruminant animals, such as cattle, sheep, and goats.

3. It is strongly recommended that schools have agricultural laboratories.

4. Students are encouraged to maintain practical notebooks and specimen albums containing detailed records of activities, observations, and specimens collected during school farm and field trips.

5. It is also expected that the curriculum will include visits to established livestock and poultry farms, abattoirs, feed mills, animal product-based companies, and other institutions related to animal husbandry.

Examination Scheme (Marking Scheme)

Candidates are required to take all three papers: Papers 1, 2, and 3. Papers 1 and 2 will be combined into a single composite paper that must be taken in one sitting.

Paper 1 will comprise 40 multiple choice questions that must be completed within 40 minutes for a total of 40 marks.

Paper 2 will contain six essay questions, covering the entire syllabus. Each question is worth 20 marks, and candidates will need to answer four questions within two hours, with a total of 80 marks available.

Paper 3 will be a practical paper for students from schools and a practical work test for private candidates. Both versions will include four questions, and candidates will have 1.5 hours to answer all questions, with a total of 60 marks available.

WAEC Animal Husbandry Syllabus 2022/2023

1. Livestock Production

  • Importance of farm animals
  • Classification of farm animals.
  • Classification of farm animals.
  • Identification of ruminants and non-ruminants.
  • Internal organs and their functions in farm animals.
  • Body systems and their functions in farm animals
  • Reproduction in farm animals
  • Definition of terms used in livestock reproduction.
  • Reproduction in livestock(mammals).
  • Reproduction in poultry.
  • Reproductive hormones and their functions.
  • Management of pregnant farm animals.         
  • Livestock management systems.
  • Management practices of livestock.

2. Animal Nutrition

  • Meaning and classes of animal feeds.
  • Animal feeds and feeding.
  • Livestock rations.
  • Formulation of livestock rations.
  • Processing and marketing of animal products.
  • Processing techniques for different farm animal products.
  • Marketing of animal products.

3. Pasture and Range Management

A). Pasture management.

  • Meaning and importance of pasture and forage crops.
  • Types of pasture and forage crops.
  • Terminologies in pasture management.

B). Rangeland improvement.

  • Meaning and characteristics of rangelands.
  • Methods of rangeland improvement.
  • Importance of rangeland.

C). Animal Improvement

  • Animal improvement.
  • Meaning of animal improvement.
  • Aims/importance of farm animal improvement.
  • Methods of farm animal improvement.
  • Methods used in farm animal improvement.
  • Merits and demerits of methods used in farm animal improvement.
  • Artificial insemination.
  • Meaning of artificial insemination.
  • Methods of artificial insemination.
  • Advantages  of artificial insemination.

4. Animal Health

  • Farm animal diseases and pathogens.
  • Concept of farm animal disease.
  • General symptoms of diseases in farm animals.
  • Diseases of farm animals, prevention and control.
  • Factors predisposing farm animals to diseases.          
  • Livestock parasites and pests.
  • Livestock parasites.
  • Livestock pests.

5. Animal Husbandry Practicals

  • Products and by-products of farm animals.
  • Identification of farm animals
  • Internal organs and their functions in farm animals.
  • Tools and equipment used in management of farm animals.
  • Feeds and feedstuffs
  • Pasture and forage crops.
  • Artificial insemination.
  • Pests and parasites of farm animals.
  • Pests of farm animals.
  • Parasites of farm animals

List of Facilities and Major Equipment

Farm Building/Structure

Equipment and Quantity Required

1. Poultry/Pig House/Battery Cages 1
2. Cattle/Goat/Sheep Pen 1
3. Rabbit/Grass cutter Hutch 1
4. Snailry/Bee Hive 1

Live Animals

1. Poultry/Pig 10
2. Rabbits/Grass cutter 10
3. Cattle/Sheep/Goat 10
4. Snails/Bees 50/100


1. Tick

2. Lice

3. Liver fluke

4. Tapeworm

5. Roundworm

6. Flea

7. Tsetse fly

8. Pests

Charts and Pictures

1. Digestive system of ruminants 5
2. Digestive system of non-ruminants 5
3. Reproductive organs of male livestock 5
4. Reproductive organs of female livestock 5
5. Reproductive tract of poultry 5
6. Skeletal system of farm animals 5
7. Circulatory system 5
8. Muscular system 5
9. Endocrine system 5
10. Calendar of ovulation 5
11. Calendar of Oestrus cycle 5
12. Classes of farm animals 5
13. Calendar of heat period 5
14. Calendar of animal diseases 5


Machines and Equipments

Equipment and Quantity Required

1. Buddizor pliers/castrators 2.
2. Elastrators 2.
3. Debeakers 2.
4. Candlers 2.
5. Dehorning saw 4.
6. Ear notching knife 2.
7. Electro-ejaculator 2.
8. Artificial Inseminators 2.
9. Hand sprayer/Knapsack sprayer 2.
10. Refrigerators to store materials 2.
11. Clinical thermometer 2.
12. Films Many
13. Television 2.
14. CD Video Player 2.
15. 16mm Film Projector 2.


Equipment and Quantity Required

1. First aids kits/boxes containing surgical blades, cotton wool, iodine and razor. 2
2. Sterilizers e.g. Dettol, Izal 4.
3. Syringes and Needles 10.
4. Vaccines (various forms) 5.
5. Formalin, etc. 2 bottles.

Feed Samples

Equipment and Quantity Required

1. Bone meal ½ kg.

2. Blood meal ½ kg.

3. Fish meal ½ kg.

4. Groundnut cake ½ kg.

5. Maize grains ½ kg.

6. Groundnut meal ½ kg.

7. Coconut meal ½ kg.

8. Eggshell meal ½ kg.

9. Palm kernel meal ½ kg.

10. Periwinkle shell ½ kg.

11. Mineral salt lick, etc. ½ kg.

Equipment and Quantity Required

1. Feeding trough (Metal and Plastic) 5.

2. Drinkers (Metal and Plastic) 5.

3. Lanterns (source of heat) 5

4. Foot dips 5.

5. Notebooks for Accounts and Records 5.

6. Wheelbarrow 5.

CSN Team.

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