WAEC Auto Body Repairs Syllabus 2020/2021 | See Current Auto Body Repairs Syllabus Here

Filed in Exam, WAEC News by on June 22, 2020

– WAEC Auto Body Repairs Syllabus –

WAEC Auto Body Repairs Syllabus 2021 is Out: The Auto Body Repairs 2021/2022 West African Examination Council (WAEC) Syllabus is aiming at preparing candidates for the Board’s examination.

WAEC Auto Body Repairs Syllabus


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken in one sitting.

Paper 1: This will comprise forty multiple-choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

Paper 2: This will comprise five essay questions. They will require candidates to answer any four in 1½ hours for 60 marks.

Paper 3: This will be a practical test of 3 hours, 10 minutes duration. It will comprise one compulsory question for 100 marks.

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.


Alternatively, if materials for the actual practical test cannot be gained, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus.

For this alternative test, there will be one question to be answered in 3 hours for 100 marks.


Safety rules and regulations in Auto body repairs and
spray painting.
1.1        Definition of safety rules and regulations in auto body repairs and spray painting.
1.2. List of rules and regulations and their importance.
1.3 List of safety tools and equipment/machines for auto body repairs.
1.4 Auto body dressing code: personal protective equipment (nose mask, goggles, boots, ear defender, etc).
1.5 Sources of accident (human factors, machinery/equipment and workshop keeping) and their preventions.
1.6 Factory acts on safety rules and regulations: 1984 amended resource conservation recovery act, environmental protection agency regulations and hazardous waste collection and recycling (solvent recovery system).
1:3:1 Identification of safety tools and equipment and demonstration of their usage.
1:4:1 Identification of dress code and protective equipment and demonstration of their usage.
1:5:1 Identification of containers for hazardous waste.
1:5:2  Demonstration of horseplay.
1:5:3   Report faulty              machines/equipment
1:5:4    Demonstration of     workshop keeping e.g. cleaning oil and water from   the floor with sawdust and dry sand





2 Tools and Equipment
(a) Basic Hand Tools
(b)  Spray painting tools and equipment.
(c) Care and maintenance of tools and equipment.
2.1    Types of hand tools (hammers, dollies, spanner, files, ratchets, body spoons, etc) and their uses.
2.2    Types and uses of power tools and equipment/machines (drilling machine, body jack, sanders, air compressor, shaping machines, cutting machine, etc.).
2.3 Advantages and disadvantages of machines.
2.4   Uses of machines and safety precautions.
2.5   Spray painting tools and equipment (scrapers, brushes, funnels, paint pots, spray gun,  spray body filters, air compressor,   oven, spray booth, etc).
2.6 Definition of maintenance and types – predictive, preventive and corrective.
2.7 Manufacturer’s maintenance guide.
2.8 Maintenance of tools and equipment.
2:1:1    Identification of hand tools and equipment
2:2:1   Identification and demonstration of the use of power tools.
2:4:1   Demonstration of the use of the machine.
2:5:1   identification of spray painting tools, equipment and their uses.
2:8:1 Dismantling and  assembly of a spray gun
2:8:2 Cleaning of  tools and equipment
3. Materials for auto-body repairs and spray painting
(a) Auto-body Repairs materials.
(b) Spray painting
3.1    Types of body filler
– plastic filler;
– fibreglass fillers;
– body solder; 30/70 and 40/60.
3.2    Type of body abrasives e.g. sandpapers, (wet and dry); Sanding disc.
3.3  Type of sealers, e.g. rubber sealers, seam sealers, undercoating, etc.
3.4. Rivet pins, e.g. pop and solid rivets.
3.5      Types of paints – Enamel paints and lacquers.
– Undercoats: surface primer, putty/body filler, sealers.
–     Topcoats:  lacquers and enamel paints.
3.6    Manufactures paint guide: paint formula, paint mixing equipment, custom-mix base colours, paint labels, colour charts.
3:1:1   Identification of body fillers.
3:2:1   Identification of body abrasives.
3:4:1   Demonstration of the use of rivet gun.
3:5:1   Identification of
paints by use of thinner.
3:5:2   Demonstration of the use of undercoats.
3:5:3    Demonstration of those of topcoats.
3:6:1  Demonstration of how to mix paints
3:6:2   Identification of colours using colour chats
4. Type of metals. 4.1    Ferrous and non-ferrous metals – mild steel, cast iron, aluminium, brass, etc.
4.2    Properties of metals – fusibility,
malleability, ductility, weldability, etc.
4.3 Uses of metals on autobodies.
4:1:1   Identification of ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
4:1:2   Demonstration of properties of metals.
5 Heat treatment of metals. 5.1    Definition of heat treatment.
5.2    Types and processes of heat treatment, e.g. hardening, annealing, normalizing, case hardening and tempering.
5.3    Importance of heat treatment.
5:2:1   Demonstration of heat treatment processes.
6. Oxy-acetylene welding and equipment. 6.1    Definition of oxy-acetylene welding.
6.2    Safety precautions
6.3    Oxy-acetylene welding equipment.
6.4    Types of oxy-acetylene gas used e.g.(high and low-pressure system).
6.5    Installations of welding equipment.
6.6    Welding nozzles.
6.7    Defects of oxy-acetylene welding           – slag inclusion, porosity, crack, lack of penetration, etc and their remedies.
6:3:1   Identification of equipment.
6:4:1  Demonstration of how to use the high and low-pressure system.
6:5:1  Demonstration of how to assemble welding equipment.
6:6:1  Demonstration of how to install welding equipment.
6:7:1   Identification of weld defects.
7 Auto body repair work
(a) Minor auto body repair.
(b)    Major auto body repair.
7.1   Types of auto body
(i) integral body;
(ii) composite body .
7.2    Basic methods of straightening the auto body:  aligning the metal with the power jack, pulling the metal with a sledgehammer, using the pre-bar, pulling the metal with pull
taps. Heat-shrinking the metal to bring the metal back to its original shape.
7.3     Tools used in minor repairs- hammers, hand dollies, spoons, spanners, screwdrivers, etc.
7.4     Major body sections, e.g. front engine compartment, passenger section, rear section
7.5    Basic alignment principle.
7.6    Quarter panel cutting.
7.7     Lightweight panels.
7.8     Damaged vehicle alignment.
7:1:1   Identification of integral and composite bodies.
7:2:1   Identification of auto-body repair tools.
7:2:2   Identification of heat shrinking tools.
7:3:1    Demonstration of how to use the tools in carrying out minor repairs.
7:4:1    Identification of major body sections.
7:6:1   Identification of quarter panel and demonstration of how to cut it.
7:7:1   Repair and aligning of body sections.
8. Aluminium panel repair. 8.1    Steps involved in aluminium panel repair.
8.2    Repair and alignment of damaged aluminium panel.
8.3    Aluminum deck lid repair.
8:2:1   Demonstration of how to repair and align aluminium panels.
8:3:1   Aluminum deck lid repair procedure
9. Plastic repairs. 9.1    Precautions while working with plastics.
9.2    Types of plastic resins (thermosetting and thermoplastic).
9.3    Repair of plastic parts by melting.
9.4 Introduction to glass fibre panel repair.
9:2:1   Identification of plastics.
9:3:1   Demonstration of how to repair plastic parts by melting.
10. Spray painting:
(a) Spray gun and accessories.
(b) Surface preparation.
(c)     Type of paints.
(d)   Metallic paint.
10.1 Spray gun – pressure feed gun siphon and the gravity gun.
10.2 Spray gun parts – air cap, fluid needle, air valve, trigger gun, body, cup, etc.
10.3 Precautions in using spray guns.
10.4 Manufacturer’s maintenance guide.
10.5 Preparation of surfaces for spray painting.
10.6 Paints used on auto bodies cellulose synthetic paint, enamel paint, acrylic, metallic paints,            etc.
10.7 Importance of manufacturer’s paint code.
10.8 Special paints and their importance.
10.9 Variable agents (flakes and pigments).
10.10   Metallic spray techniques (wet and dry spray).
10:1:1   Identification of pressure feed gun, siphon gun and the gravity gun.
10:5:1   Preparation of metal surfaces for spray painting.
10:6:1   Identification of paints used on auto bodies.
10:10:1   Demonstration
of metallic spray techniques.
11. Auto body workshop business. 11.1    Factors to consider in locating auto body repair shop – capital, accessibility, land, etc.
11.2    List of tools and equipment.


  • The repair of vehicle bodies by Alan Robinson (3rdEdition).
  • Fundamentals of vehicle bodywork by J. Fairbrother.
  • Practical welding (The motivate series Mac-Milan texts for Industrial Vocational and Technical Education) by S. Gibson.
  • Fundamentals of motor vehicle technology, chassis and body electronics (5thEdition) Book 1, 2, and 3 by Hilliers V. A. W. and David R. Rogers.
  • Bodywork Maintenance and repair, including interiors by Paul Browne.
  • Automotive encyclopedia by Good heart-Willcox.
  • Auto body repair and repainting by Bill Tobold.

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