WAEC Geography Questions 2021 Objective and Theory Update : Current School News

WAEC Geography Questions 2021 Objective and Theory Update

Filed in Exam, WAEC News by on September 23, 2021

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– WAEC Geography Questions –

The WAEC Geography Questions Expo is out now on our website. In this article, I will show you past WAEC Geography random repeated questions for free. You will also understand how WAEC Geography questions are set and many more examination details.

WAEC Geography Questions

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board that conducts the West African Senior School Certificate Examination, for University and Jamb entry examination in West African countries.

In a year, over three million candidates registered for the exams coordinated by WAEC.

The 2021 WAEC Geography exam will comprise Papers 2 & 1 Essay and Objective which will begin from 8.30 am and end by 11.30 am. That means the examination will last for three hours (3hrs) only.

In this post, we will post samples of the WAEC geography questions for candidates that will participate in the examination for practice.

Keep accessing this page as update will be made in a jiffy

WAEC Geography Answers 2021


Theory Questions

1. Write a geographical account of rail transport under the following headings:
(a) economic importance;
(b) problems;
(c) solutions.
ANS: (b) Problems of rail transportation included:
– slow speed in developing countries;
– derailment because of flooding;
– poor time schedule;
– poor standard coaches;
– competition from other modes of transportation e.g. road and air;
– the high cost of construction affected by steep gradient/terrain;
– the high cost of spare parts, etc.
(c) The solutions to those problems included:
– wider gauges to increase speed;
– faster engines and coaches;
– proper planning and timing of movement schedules;
– improved management techniques;
– loans from banks;
– internal manufacturing of spare parts, etc.

2. a) Highlight any three fundamental characteristics of each of the following settlement types:
i) village;
ii) town.
b) State any four factors which handle the growth of urban centres.

WAEC Geography Questions 2021 and Answers

3. (a) Define the following population terms:
i) census;
ii) mortality rate;
(b) family planning. Outline any three problems confronting a country that is overpopulated.
(c) Highlight any three ways by which the problem of overpopulation can be solved.

4. (a) Highlight any five factors that have accounted for the world’s rapid population growth.
(b) Outline any five problems of rapid population growth.
ANS: (a) The factors that have accounted for the world’s rapid population growth include:
–  polygamy;
– early marriage;
– advancement in science and technology;
– improved medical care;
– low mortality rate;
– industrialization
– poor family planning.

5. (a) State four reasons for the concentration of manufacturing industries in the capital cities of Tropical African Countries.
(b) Give three reasons for the predominance of consumer-oriented industries in Tropical Africa.
(c) Describe three contributions of manufacturing industries to the economic development of Tropical African Countries.

6. Draw an outline map of Nigeria. On the map, mark and name
(a) Two areas of low population density;
(b) Two areas of high population density;
(c) One town in one of the high population density areas shown in a(ii) above.
(d) Highlight any three problems associated with high population density in Nigeria.
(e) Explain the ways of solving any two of the problems of population density highlighted in 6(b) above.

WAEC Geography Questions 2021 and Answers

7. (a) Describe any three causes of air pollution.
(b) Outline the three major effects of air pollution.
(c) Suggest two ways of controlling air pollution.
Ans: The candidates were expected to describe the following causes of air pollution:
–  odour as a result of improper disposal
– emission of smoke from domestic sources
–  fumes from exhaust of vehicles and aeroplanes
–   industrial waste and fumes
– dust from the explosion of bombs and other dangerous weapons
– artificial cloud seeding
– chloroform carbon (CFC) from the cooling system and sprays
–  noise from loudspeakers and aeroplanes.

8. (a) Draw an outline map of West Africa. On it locate and name:
(i) one area of the dense population;
(ii) one area of the sparse population;
(iii) an important town in each area;
(iv) the River Niger.
(b) Explain four factors that have led to the high population in the area shown on your map.
(c) Highlight two problems of sparse population density.

9. Describe the savannah belt of Africa under the following headings:
(a) location;
(b) vegetation characteristics;
(c) uses.

DISCLAIMER! These are not real WAEC Geography questions but likely repeated questions over the years to help candidate understand the nature of their examinations. Ensure to note every question provided on this page.

If you need us to help you with updated questions and answers at the right time about WAEC Geography Examination 2020, kindly provide us with your phone number and email address in the comment box below. Also, ask questions pertaining to this guide. 

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CSN Team.

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  1. Amos says:

    I just want to say thank u

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