Oil and Gas Jobs and Position in Nigeria 2019 – See General Requirements.
Oil and Gas Jobs and Position in Nigeria… Are you curious to work in the Oils and Gas Jobs and Positions in Nigeria?
This article will help you answer some of the questions you may have in mind by providing you with the basic information you need to know before making a step.
There are different business unit you can work in the gas industry, being in one of these units would expose you to some means of refining gas and meeting the end products of crude to meet the various purposes which they are intended.
The below are the different business units and their functions.
Autonomous Business Units
- Upstream Company
- Downstream Company
- Refining Company
- Ventures Company
- Gas & Power Company
The oil and gas industry is typically divided into three major components: upstream, midstream and downstream.
1). Upstream Company: As the principal stage in oil production, the upstream sector comprises well exploration, drilling, and operation.
Upstream is essential because it determines supply which affects prices in the downstream sector.
The upstream sector is mainly concerned with finding and utilizing the available petroleum supply, unlike the downstream and midstream sectors that are concerned more about the demand for oil and its transportation.
Technology is the most vital factor in up stream’s exploration and extraction. Advances in technology permit geologists to not only locate more oil fields, but it also permits them to access fields that were previously inaccessible.
Technological developments in upstream have also allowed geologists and scientists to determine “dry” holes earlier, thus reducing the wasted time and money to explore these places further.
Upstream technology is also vital to increase the total production of oil from existing wells.
As the first phase in company’s strategy of oil profitability, the amount of oil that is found and extracted in the upstream sector has a direct effect on the quantity of oil that can be treated and then sold in the downstream and midstream sectors.
2). The Midstream Sector: The midstream sector involves transportation (by pipeline, barge, rail, oil tanker or truck), storage, and wholesale marketing of crude or refined petroleum products.
The midstream sector is mainly concerned with the transportation of oil and natural gas from the extraction site to the refineries.
This sector is often involved as an extension of either the upstream or downstream sector, depending on the source.
Transporting raw oil and natural gas is extremely a technical process that involves compressing the fluids to necessary pressures in order to be transported via pipelines or on tankers from offshore drilling sites.
Also, the midstream sector is responsible for treating raw materials in order to eliminate impurities such as water vapor or hydrogen sulfide.
By removing impurities and compressing the fluids, it helps to maximize the amount of oil and natural gas that can be transported, therefore maximizing efficiency and profits for companies are an important part in this sector of the industry.
3). The Downstream Sector: The downstream sector of the petroleum industry is a part of the industry that is in charge of final processing, product distribution, and marketing.
The Downstream Sector also processes crude oil into finished products like heating oil, lubricants, synthetic rubber, asphalt, plastics, pesticides, fertilizers, and pharmaceuticals.
This is also where supply meets demand and where customers meet companies. All retail outlets such as gas stations are involved in the downstream sector of the industry.
It is where the efficiency of the midstream and upstream effects how much and for what price oil can be sold.
The more effective the previous processes, the more efficient the downstream process will be.
Downstream also involves marketing, customer service and strategic planning for the sale and distribution of finished products.
Corporate Service Units
- Finance and Accounts
- Corporate Services
Career Options for Oil and Gas Engineers/Applicants
Oil and gas Engineers may work in the exploration and extraction process for equipment manufacturers or any of the four careers in this field: drilling engineers, production engineers, reservoir engineers, and sales engineers.
i). Drilling Engineers: Drilling engineers make use of aerial reconnaissance, magnetometers and seismic surveys to trace oil and gas reservoirs.
These specialists specify the appropriate equipment and materials used in order to ensure safe, cost-efficient and environmentally conscious drilling.
Their duties include estimating potential costs and risks, designing schematics and reviewing performance.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) anticipated 10% job growth for petroleum engineers between 2014 and 2024.
The mean yearly wage for petroleum engineers in oil and gas extraction was $156,990 as of 2015, according to the BLS.
ii). Production Engineers: Production engineers use their knowledge to handle daily operations, specifically developing the best strategy to extract petroleum while maximizing profits and lowering operating expenses.
Engineers carry samples of reservoir rock, monitor production and ascertain the effect of production on the reservoir.
These professionals may also be responsible for working with third parties, such as service companies and regulatory agencies.
According to the BLS, employment for petroleum engineers is anticipated to increase by 10% between 2014 and 2024. In 2015, the average annual wage for petroleum engineers in oil and gas extraction was $156,990, per the BLS.
iii). Reservoir Engineers: Reservoir engineers use advanced computer and mathematical models to foretell future production.
These professionals use geological data and reservoir simulation studies to forecast how much oil can be mined.
Other duties may also include analyzing pressure, predicting water flood and implementing petrophysical studies to maximize the value of exploration.
According to the BLS, employment for petroleum engineers is also expected to increase by 10% between 2014 and 2024. In 2015, the BLS reported that the mean annual wage for petroleum engineers was $149,590.
iv). Sales Engineers: Sales engineers are responsible for calling on prospective clients to present new technology and equipment in exploration and extraction.
Professionals here work with an area or regional managers to develop new accounts, as well as with existing customers to troubleshoot problems.
Therefore, engineers have strong knowledge in customer service, equipment repair and new products.
The BLS anticipated that sales engineers will experience a 7% job growth between 2014 and 2024. The average annual wage for sales engineers was $107,160 as of 2015, according to the BLS.
Due to stable growth, job prospects should be good for qualified engineers in the oil and gas industries.
During production, drilling, and reservoir engineers need to rely on comprehensive technical knowledge, sales engineers also need to be able to communicate effectively with clients.
Eligibility for Jobs in Oil and Gas / Energy
Oil and gas employers will be happy to welcome you if you’re flexible and adaptable with a high level of mathematical, scientific and technological skills.
These specified attributes are keys in order to meet many of the challenges in gas, oil and energy jobs.
Candidates with technical capabilities who work well within a team are in great demand.
This is because the machinery involved in energy construction jobs is often massive and highly technical.
It is thus necessary to work alongside a whole team of engineers for quality, time and safety reasons.
This field requires a wide array of skill sets and professionals such engineers, environmental scientists, equipment technicians, project managers, surveyors, operators, construction foremen, marketing personnel, accountants, machinists, consultants, architects, administrators and executives, among many others, can all find work in this capacity.
General Recruitment Requirement
There are some of the basic requirements that are expected of interested applicants who wish to apply for positions in the gas sectors. These requirements are listed below:
Educational: Successful completion of 10+2 examination with Physics Chemistry and Mathematics as subjects is the least eligibility criteria required to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Petroleum Engineering.
Individual must also pass the qualifying entrance exam of the particular institute or AIEEE, or JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) conducted by the IIT’s which will be an added advantage for admission to top institutes.
For chasing a masters i.e. M.Tech degree in Petroleum Engineering, one must complete B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) or B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) in chemical or petroleum engineering.
Those who have completed M.Sc. in Chemistry are also eligible to chase an M.Tech degree in Petroleum Engineering.
- Must have a minimum of two-three years’ experience in the oil and gas sector
- Must have a good knowledge of computer.
- Language proficiency: He/she must be able to speak English fluently.
- Must possess team spirit.
- Must have a friendly and polite persona and character.
How to Apply for Recruitment Online
Vacancies for these positions are frequently posted online to enable interested and qualified applicants to apply.
All applications, personal details, and CV are expected to be submitted before the application deadline.
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