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Corona Virus Update in Nigeria 2020: Be Careful of COVID-19 Symptoms

Filed in Nursing News by on March 24, 2020

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Corona Virus Update in Nigeria 2020: Be Careful of COVID-19 Symptoms:

In perilous times like this, panicking might not be your best option but if proper guidance and preventive measures are taken; you might just be able to slow down the transmission of the COVID-19 virus.

COVID-19 in Nigeria Update 2020

Also, we all need to be well informed about the virus symptoms, the disease it causes and how it spreads. All of this has been carefully highlighted below.

COVID-19 (Corona Virus)

Firstly, we need to understand what the Covid-19 is, symptoms, preventive measures and the threats it possesses to mankind.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.  In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

The most recently identified coronavirus disease is COVID-19. COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, many ongoing clinical trials are evaluating potential treatments. So do well to protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol-based rub frequently and not touching your face.

Age Range Likely to Get Infected

You should know that nobody’s risk is zero when it comes to the Covid-19 coronavirus. Anybody can get sick in this pandemic. But different people have different risks of getting severe symptoms that require hospitalization or intensive care.

Also, the chances of dying from Covid-19 vary widely across age groups. The conventional wisdom says kids and young people may be fine even if they get infected, with the risk of a case being more severe increasing with age.

It’s the older folks we need to worry about, this thinking says, given death rates reach 20 per cent or more among people 80 and older. To be clear, nobody should feel invulnerable to the coronavirus.

Young people are going to contract the disease, a not-insignificant percentage of them are going to get very sick, and a smaller number will die. The rates of severe and deadly cases might not be nearly as high as the older generations that we are worried about, but the data already shows that age alone does not make you invincible.

Symptoms of COVID-19

The COVID-19 virus affects different people in different ways.  COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment.  People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.

Common symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Tiredness
  • Dry cough.

Other symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Aches and pains
  • Sore throat
  • And very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.

People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advice on testing and referral.

People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.

Preventive Measures

They are different ways of preventing you from contacting the Coronavirus and slowing the transmission process. Below are the listed preventive measures;

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean your hands with alcohol-based hand rub (Hand Sanitizer).
  • Maintain at least 1-meter distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell.
  • Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.

Current Countries Affected by COVID-19

The virus is spreading rapidly in many countries worldwide, with more than 261,000 confirmed cases outside China. Of a truth, the main figure for the number of people with coronavirus is thought to be much higher as many of those with milder symptoms have not been tested and counted.

Below is the list of countries affected with Coronavirus, number of cases recorded and death rate;

Country

Cases

Deaths

China 81,496 3,274
Italy 59,138 5,476
USA 35,175 469
Spain 33,089 2,182
Germany 26,220 111
Iran 23,049 1,812
France 16,689 674
South Korea 8,961 111
Switzerland 8,234 107
UK 5,683 281
Netherlands 4,204 179
Austria 3,806 16
Belgium 3,743 88
Norway 2,415 8
Portugal 2,060 23
Sweden 1,934 25
Australia 1,682 7
Brazil 1,619 25
Malaysia 1,518 14
Canada 1,469 21
Denmark 1,450 13
Turkey 1,236 30
Czech Republic 1,165 1
Japan 1,101 41
Ireland 906 4
Israel 883 1
Pakistan 804 6
Luxembourg 798 8
Ecuador 789 14
Thailand 721 1
Diamond Princess cruise ship 712 8
Finland 686 1
Poland 684 8
Chile 632 1
Greece 624 17
Indonesia 579 49
Romania 576 5
Iceland 568 1
Saudi Arabia 511
Singapore 509 2
Qatar 494
Philippines 462 33
Russia 438 1
India 425 8
Slovenia 414 3
South Africa 402
Peru 363 5
Estonia 352
Bahrain 339 2
Egypt 327 14
Mexico 316 2
Panama 313 3
Croatia 306 1
Iraq 266 23
Argentina 266 4
Lebanon 256 4
Colombia 235 2
Serbia 222 2
Dominican Republic 202 3
Algeria 201 17
Taiwan 195 2
Armenia 194
Bulgaria 190 3
Kuwait 189
Slovakia 186
Latvia 180
San Marino 175 20
Hungary 167 7
Uruguay 158
Lithuania 154 1
United Arab Emirates 153 2
North Macedonia 136 2
Morocco 134 4
Costa Rica 134 2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 128 1
Vietnam 121
Faroe Islands 118
Andorra 113 1
Jordan 112
Malta 107
New Zealand 102
Burkina Faso 99 4
Cyprus 95 1
Moldova 94 1
Brunei 91
Albania 89 4
Tunisia 89 3
Sri Lanka 87
Cambodia 86
Belarus 81
Venezuela 77
Ukraine 73 3
Senegal 67
Oman 66
Azerbaijan 65 1
Réunion 64
Kazakhstan 62
Guadeloupe 58 1
West Bank 57
Cameroon 56
Georgia 54
Trinidad and Tobago 50
Uzbekistan 46
Liechtenstein 46
Martinique 44 1
Afghanistan 40 1
Nigeria 36 1
Cuba 35 1
Bangladesh 33 3
DR Congo 30 1
Mauritius 28 2
Honduras 27
Bolivia 27
Guam 27 1
Ivory Coast 25
Ghana 24 1
Monaco 23
Puerto Rico 23 1
Montenegro 22 1
Paraguay 22 1
Mayotte 21
Guernsey 20
Guyana 19 1
Jamaica 19 1
Guatemala 19 1
Rwanda 19
French Polynesia 18
French Guiana 18
Togo 18
Barbados 17
Kenya 15
Jersey 15
Gibraltar 15
Kyrgyzstan 14
Maldives 13
Madagascar 12
Tanzania 12
Ethiopia 11
Mongolia 10
Aruba 9
New Caledonia 8
Seychelles 7
Bermuda 6
United States Virgin Islands 6
Equatorial Guinea 6
Haiti 5
Isle of Man 5
Suriname 5
Gabon 5 1
Saint Martin 5
Greenland 4
Bahamas 4
Guinea 4
Eswatini 4
Saint Barthelemy 3
Cape Verde 3
Curaçao 3 1
Zambia 3
Cayman Islands 3 1
El Salvador 3
Namibia 3
The Central African Republic 3
Fiji 3
Congo 3
Liberia 3
Zimbabwe 3 1
Gambia 2 1
Nepal 2
Niger 2
Angola 2
Benin 2
Mauritania 2
Bhutan 2
Saint Lucia 2
Nicaragua 2
Kosovo 2
Gaza 2
Sudan 2 1
St Vincent and the Grenadines 1
Grenada 1
Timor-Leste 1
Dominica 1
Eritrea 1
Mozambique 1
Chad 1
Vatican 1
Djibouti 1
Montserrat 1
Papua New Guinea 1
Syria 1
Antigua and Barbuda 1
Somalia 1
Sint Maarten 1
Uganda 1

Summary

Lastly, in our fight against the deadly virus, they are still some minor things we should put into consideration.

COVID-19 is mainly spread through droplets produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. Therefore, to protect yourself, clean your hands frequently and thoroughly.

Also note, Antibiotics do not work against viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

CSN Team.

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