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What You Should Know About Lisinopril Allergic Reaction

Filed in Nursing News by on March 14, 2019

What You Should Know About Lisinopril Allergic Reaction.

Lisinopril Allergic Reaction – The aim of this article is to inform you about all you need to know about the medication, Lisinopril.

About Lisinopril Allergic Reaction

Lisinopril is a medication for blood pressure. It causes some serious side effects which may indicate an allergic reaction in some patients. Also, most Lisinopril side effects are harmless. However, if you experience any side effects, you should contact your doctor.

Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor (angiotensin-converting enzyme). It works by inhibiting a chemical process in your body that increases the amount of salt and water in your body. Having a small amount of salt and water in your body decreases your volume of blood which reduces your blood pressure.

ACE inhibitors act on the mechanism that narrows blood vessels. Lisinopril being an ACE inhibitor causes your blood vessels to relax which reduces your blood pressure. This is significant because increased pressure will damage your blood vessels as time goes on and may lead to cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, etc.

What You Need to Know About Lisinopril

1. If you become pregnant while using Lisinopril notify your physician without delay. Your physician may need to change your medications to provide the best possible outcomes for you and your baby.

2. Do not use this medicine if you have Hereditary Angioedema. Angioedema is a form of severe swelling beneath the skin’s surface. In some cases, the swelling occurs along with the appearance of hives. This is why angioedema is sometimes referred to as “giant hives.” Hives are itchy, red swellings that develop on the surface of the skin.

3. Do not use this medication if you are allergic to Lisinopril or to any other ACE inhibitor, such as benazepril captopril, fosinopril, enalapril, moexipril, perindopril, quinapril, ramipril, or trandolapril. This is especially important when you have moved and have a new physician. He or she may not have the information readily available to them. So when filling out your health record please provide all your record.

4. If you endocrinologist has diagnosed you with diabetes, inform your physician. The FDA has issued new warnings about anti-hypertensive drugs containing the direct renin inhibitor aliskiren; including Tekturna, Amturnide, Takamio, when used in combination with ACE inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).

5. The FDA now states that these drug combinations are contraindicated in patients with diabetes, and it is a new warning to avoid the use of this combination in patients with moderate to severe renal impairment. Please inform your physician of any new diagnosis you may have received. (GFR <60 mL/min).

Lisinopril Side Effects

Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of these allergic reactions to Lisinopril:

  • Hives
  • Severe stomach pain,
  • Difficult breathing
  • Swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat

Other severe side effects include:

  • A dizzy feeling, like you might pass out
  • Little or no urinating
  • Fever, sore throat
  • High potassium: nausea, slow or unusual heart rate, weakness, loss of movement;
  • Kidney problems: little or no urinating, painful or difficult urination, swelling in your feet or ankles, feeling tired or short of breath
  • Liver problems: nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, tired feeling, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes).

Some common side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Dry cough
  • Chest pain
  • Dizziness

How to Properly Use Lisinopril

In addition to the use of this medicine, treatment for your high blood pressure may include weight control and changes in the types of foods you eat, especially foods high in sodium (salt). Your doctor will tell you which of these are most important for you, so check in with your doctor before changing your diet.

Many patients who have high blood pressure will not notice any signs of the problem. In fact, many may feel normal. It is very important that you take your medicine exactly as directed and that you keep your appointments with your doctor even if you feel well.

Remember that this medicine will not cure your high blood pressure but it does help control it. Therefore, you must continue to take it as directed if you expect to lower your blood pressure and keep it down. You may have to take high blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life.

Measure the oral liquid correctly using the marked measuring spoon that comes with the package. Rinse the dosing spoon with water after each use.

If your child cannot swallow the tablets, an oral liquid may be given. Shake the oral liquid well just before each use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about this.

Lisinopril Dosing

The dosage of this medicine is different for different patients. So, follow your doctor’s instructions or the directions on the label.

The amount of medicine you take depends on the concentration of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine for different patients:

1. For high blood pressure:

  • Adults: At first, 10 milligrams (mg) once a day. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 40 mg per day.
  • Children 6 years of age and older: Dose is based on body weight and must be determined by your doctor. The starting dose is usually 0.07 mg per kilogram (kg) of body weight per day. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 0.61 mg per kg of body weight or 40 mg per day.
  • Children younger than 6 years of age: Use is not recommended.

2. For heart failure:

  • Adults: At first, 5 milligrams (mg) once a day. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 40 mg per day.
  • Children: Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

3. For immediate treatment after a heart attack:

  • Adults: At first, 5 milligrams (mg), followed by 5 mg after 24 hours, followed by 10 mg after 48 hours, and then 10 mg once a day.
  • Children: Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

What to Do If You Miss a Dose

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not take double doses.

CSN Team.

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