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Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students’ Welfare Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria

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Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students’ Welfare Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

The study examined the ‘‘impact of funding on the provision and management of student welfare services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.’’ The study becomes imperative in view of the fact that education consumers and government have always been concerned about funding of education.

This study was specifically interested in finding out how funding is important in the provision and management of students’ welfare services in Colleges of Legal Studies in Nigeria. Seven (7) objectives, Seven (7) basic assumptions, Seven (7) research questions and Seven (7) hypotheses were postulated to find out the opinions of the five groups of respondents.

The researcher reviewed relevant literature to establish the theoretical base of the study. The descriptive and survey method was adopted for investigations, identification and data collection. The total number of sample for the study was four thousand, one hundred and sixteen (4,116) made up thirty-six (36) principal officials, two hundred and forty (240) states ministries of education, sixty (60) Deans of Schools, one hundred and eighty (180)

Heads of Departments and three thousand six hundred (3,600) Students. Through random sampling technique, two (2) states each were selected from the six geo-political zones of Nigeria. A structured questionnaire comprising of Seventy (70) close ended items was the instrument used. The scores were ranked using a 5 point Likert scale.

The questionnaire as instrument was vetted by the supervisors and other experts in Educational Administration and Educational Statistics Section and subjected to a pilot study in Lagos and River State respectfully. The analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan Multiple Range Test were used to determine the extent of significant difference in the opinions of the respondent.

TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Title page            i

Declaration                     ii

Certification                  iii

Dedication                              iv

Acknowledgements                              v

Table of Contents                               vii

List of Tables                xiii

List of Appendixes     xvi

Definitions of Major Terms and Variables      xvii

Abstract                  xviii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

  • Background to the Study 1
  • Statement of the Problem 9
  • Objectives of the Study 11
  • Research Questions 12
  • Research Hypotheses 13
  • Basic Assumptions 14
  • Significance of the Study 15
  • Scope of the Study 16

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

  • Introduction 18
  • Conceptual Framework of the Study 19
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Welfare Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                         22
  • Historical Antecedent of Education Funding in Nigeria 25
  • Sources of Funding Education in Nigeria 27
  • Financing Higher Education in Nigeria 30
  • Inadequate Funding on Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria 36
  • Alternative Sources of Funding Higher Education in Nigeria 39
  • Funding in Higher Institutions in Nigeria 41
  • Education Finance in Nigeria 43
  • Funding of Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria 48
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Welfare

Services in Management             53

  • Management and Administration of Educational Institutions 55
  • Educational Management in Higher Institutions 58
  • Educational Administration in Higher Institutions 59
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Welfare Services in an Organization          61
  • Student Welfare Services Inequalities in Higher Institutions 64
  • Types of Welfare Services Available in Higher Institutions 66
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Health Services in an Organization      67
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Student Accommodation Services in Higher Institutions                              69
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Security Services in Higher Institutions                   71
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of School Buildings/Common Rooms in Higher Institutions      73
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Transportation Services in Tertiary Institutions    76
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Counselling Services in Nigeria 78
  • Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Sports Activities in Tertiary Institutions    80
  • Empirical Studies 83
  • Summary 85

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

  • Introduction 87
  • Research Design 87
  • Population 88
  • Sample and Sampling Techniques 88
  • Instrumentation 90
    • Validity of the Instrument 91
    • Pilot Study 92
    • Reliability of the Instrument 92
  • Procedure for Data Collection 93
  • Procedure for Data Analysis 93

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF DATA

  • Introduction 95
  • Presentation of Data 95
  • Analysis on Research Questions 96
    • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Health Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                                   96
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Accommodation Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria           102
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Security Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria            108
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Common Room in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                    114
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Transportation Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria           120
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Counselling Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria 126
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Students Sporting Activities in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                         132
  • Hypotheses Testing 138
    • HO1: There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of Health services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.               138
  • HO2: There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of accommodation services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.                         139
  • HO3: There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of security services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.               141
  • HO4: There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of building/common room services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                 142
  • HO5: There is no significant difference in the opinions of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of transportation services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.                         144
  • HO6: There is no significant difference in the opinion of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of counselling services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.            145
  • HO7: There is no significant difference in the opinion of stakeholders on the impact of funding on the provision and management of sporting activities in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria.                                      147
  • Summary of Hypotheses Testing 148
  • Summary of Major Findings 151
  • Discussion of Findings 153
    • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Health Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                153
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Accommodation Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                              155
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Security Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria                         156
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision

and Management of Common Room Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria   158

  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Transportation Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria  160
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Counselling Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria    162
  • Opinions of Stakeholders on Impact of Funding on the Provision and Management of Sports Services in Colleges of Legal and Islamic Studies in Nigeria        163

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Summary 166
  • Limitation 167
  • Contributions to the Knowledge 168
  • Conclusions 168
  • Recommendations 170
  • Suggestions for Further Studies 173

REFERENCES                                                                                               176

APPENDIXES

INTRODUCTION

Education is an important instrument in the development of any nation. This is why many countries of the world today have made it a top priority. This means that education is regarded as an important tool for achieving national goals over the world.

In Nigeria, the seriousness attached to education is clearly understood in the National Policy on Education (2004) where it stated that the Federal Government of Nigeria has adopted education as an instrument per excellence for effecting national development.

Education is therefore, a necessity as it helps to prepare and equip learners for all aspects of life. It provides learners with the basic foundation to function and develop in the society. To achieve this, it is very important to provide the learners with students‟ welfare services in the campuses.

The future of a country depends on the education of the citizens and therefore education assures the future of the society and provides continuity. For this reason, educational managers are supposed to be responsible for funding, overseeing and managing educational institutions in order to ensure quality output.

REFERENCES

Abdu, P. S. (2003). The Cost of Finance of Education in Nigeria Education Today Quarterly, 10(1), 12-16

Abdulkareem, A. Y. (1989). Impact of school resource management on school effectiveness in selected secondary schools in Kwara State. Unpublished doctoral thesis submitted to the department of educational management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin.

Abdulkareem, A. Y. (1995). Introduction to research methods in education. Ibadan, Agbo Are publishers.

Abdulkareem, A. Y. (1995). Sources, citation and compilation of references in research. in S. A. Jimoh (Ed.), research methodology in education: an Inter- disciplinary approach. Ilorin, library and publication committee.

Abdulkareem, A. Y. (1999). Issues in Nigeria education. Ilorin: Haytee press, Nigeria Ltd.

Abdullahi, A. M. (2005). Effects of advance and post organizers on social studies students performance in colleges of education in Kwara State, Nigeria: An Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis of University of Ilorin.

CSN Team.

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