Assessing The Contribution of Nongovernmental Organisations (Ngos) On Human Development In Bauchi And Gombe States, Nigeria

Filed in Articles by on July 24, 2022

Assessing The Contribution of Nongovernmental Organisations (Ngos) On Human Development In Bauchi And Gombe States, Nigeria.


NGOs all over the world have b een recognized as part of the institutions that complement government activities in p roviding services to the people .

For so many decades, the NGOs have been operating side by side with the Nigeria n G o v e r n m e n t wit h a vie w t o im p r o v e H u m a n D e v elo p m e n t in co untry.

D e s pit e t h e t r e m e n d o u s e ff o r t s b y b o t h t h e N G O s a n d the Government, the level of human development in Bauchi and Gombe States is still low.

The central focus of this study was to examine the role played by the NGOs in human development in Bauchi and Gombe States, Nigeria , between 2003 and 2014, with t he special emphasis on reproductive health, access to education and income generation role of the selected NGOs.

B ein g a s u r v e y r e s e a r c h , d a t a w e r e g e n er a t e d f r o m b o t h p rim a r y a n d secondary sources with questionnaires and interviews as the instruments for generating the primary data, while t he secondary data used in this study include ; information regarding the various programmes and projects undertaken by the NGOs under study, official publications of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Nation al Planning Commission (NPC),

United Nations Reports, and scholarly articles, text books, unpublished research materials, Websites and other related materials.

The study revealed that , the NGO s under study rendered services in the areas of health, educatio n a n d in c o m e g e n e r a tio n a n d m a d e sig nific a n t im p r o v e m e n t o n human development in the study area.


Title Page i
Declaration ii
Certification iii
Dedication iv
Acknowledgement v
Abstract vii
Table of Contents viii
List of Diagrams xii
List of Appendices xiii
Lists of Abbreviations xiv


1.1 Background to the Study 1 1.2 Statement of the Problem 4 1.3 Research Questions 7 1.4 Objectives of the Study 7 1.5 Hypotheses Tested 8 1.6 Significance of the Study 8 1.7. Scope of the Study 10
1.8 Limitations of the Study 12 1.9 Definitions of Terms 12


2.1 Introduction 16
2.2 Literature Review 16
2.2.1 The Concept of Development 16
2.2.2 The Concept and Nature of Human Development 20
2.2.3 Trend of Human Development in Nigeria 25
2.3.1 The Concept of NGOs 28
2.3.2 NGOs‘ Goals and Motives 34
2.3.3 Problems and Limitations of NGOS 36
2.3.4 Origin and Development of NGOs in Africa 39
2.3.5 General Characteristics of NGO 42
2.3.6 Typology of NGOs 45
2.3.7 The Roles and Relevance of NGOs in Development 49
2.4 Review of Empirical Studies 63
2.5 Theoretical Framework 66


3.1 Introduction 73
3.2 Research Design 73
3.2 Sources and Methods of Data Collection 74
3.3 Population and Sample Size 77
3.4 Sampling Techniques 79
3.5 Method of Data Analysis 79


4.1 Introduction 80
4.2 Brief on Case Study states 80
4.3 Development Exchange Centre 84
4.4 Rahama Women Development Programme 90
4.5 Doma Education Development Foundation 94


5.1 Introduction 99
5.2 Rare of Questionnaire Returned 99
5.4.10 Test of Hypothesis I 120
5.5.8 Test of Hypothesis II 132
5.6.4 Test of Hypothesis III 140
5.7 Major Findings 143


6.1 Introduction 145
6.2 Summary 145
6.3 Conclusion 147
6.4 Recommendations 148


Background to the Study

Human development in recent times has been an area of concern to most countries around the globe especially the developing countries. It is central to the attainment of a nation‘s development, thus adequate investment in human development, which involves the provision healthcare, education, skill, income as well as general improvement in choices and capacities of people in a given country is required.

Scholars of Development (Ovenseri – Ogbomo, 2006, Essien, 2000, Becker 1993; and Thirdwall, 1986) are clear on the assertion that to achieve economic growth and development in any nation, human development must be made the focal point of a development programme.

Rivseeds Draft Document (2004), puts it as: ―The most important factor in social and economic development is the human resources, for people constitute the ultimate ends of development as well as the primary agents of development.

Miachi, (2006) submits that: ―There is a significant relation between economic prosperity and level of human development.


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