Assessing the Impact of Brain-Drain on Educational Development in North Western Nigeria

Filed in Articles by on September 25, 2020

Assessing the Impact of Brain-Drain on Educational Development in North Western Nigeria.


Economists have been theorizing about brain drain for almost half a century. But until recently, there has been little empirical evidence to support or contradict these theories.
The new evidence should counteract some of the myths and reveal some of the most common concerns about brain drain. Brain drain rates are not skyrocketing.
Africa is not the most affected region for brain drain; small island states are also affected. Most skilled migrants are not doctors.
But neither are they taxi drivers – they enjoy massive increases in living standards as a result of migrating. The rise in skilled migration  does  not  appear  to  be  crowding  out  migration opportunities for unskilled migrants:

instead, skilled and unskilled migration have increased together.
Skilled migrants are remitting back about as much as the fiscal cost of their absence. Existing preliminary estimates of the production externalities of brain drain are quite small.


Background of Study
The migration of intellectual worker and skilled personnel from the less developed countries, particularly from the poor countries, to the more develop or advanced countries termed as Brain-Drain is a global phenomenon.
However, it hurts more, particularly in the area of science and technology and in the progress of poor and developing countries. It is a very serious matter which such countries must attend to on urgent basis.

The term, “Brain Drain” was coined by the British Royal Society to describe the outflow of scientists and technicians to the United State and Canada in the 1950s and early 1960s (Carrington, 1999).
By the 1970s brain drain came to be associated with the flow of skilled individuals from the developing world to Western Europe and North America.
Brain Drain, also known as capital flight, simply connotes “large-scale emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge” (Idahosa & Akpomera, 2012, p. 17).
To Stenman (2006), brain drain can be defined as a large emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge


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