Growth Response Of Three Indigenous Tree Species To Hormone And Salt Stress In Sokoto Nigeria

Filed in Articles by on July 17, 2022

Growth Response Of Three Indigenous Tree Species To Hormone And Salt Stress In Sokoto Nigeria.


Seeds of three forest tree species namely Acacia senegal (L.) Willd, Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile and Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) were used to investigate the effect of different salinity (NaCl) and auxin (IAA) concentrations on germination percentage, stem height growth, collar diameter study and Relative Growth Rate (RGR).

A factorial experiment in a completely randomised design was employed. 90 seedlings of the tree species were randomly divided into six treatment groups of 3 seedlings with five replicates.

The experimental hormone at three levels of (0.0, 2.77 and 3.62μgg-1) and salt at two levels (2.2 and 2.8dSm-1) concentrations were respectively administered to each treatment for a period of twelve weeks.


Marginal lands sometimes called wastelands or idle lands can be defined as lands which are of no importance for biodiversity or carbon sequestration. They play no role in food production and in guaranteeing people’s livelihood (Salva,2008).

It has been discovered that they have poor soil containing toxic levels of salt and are deficient in essential plant nutrients. They are generally unsuitable to crops. High concentration of salt particularly in the root zone could cause stress to a plant and eventually damage or kill it. Salt stress often coexist with other abiotic stresses such as drought.

Tilman et. al. (2006) estimated that developing countries have vast area of marginal lands (at least 500 million hectares). Genetic analysis has shown that tolerance for abiotic stresses such as salinity could be attributed to germplasm – hormones (Mackill, 2004).

Plant growth has been determined at different levels to involve different metabolic processes in cells and there is a link between the cells and some external factors.

Philipson (1987) showed how flowering could be induced in potted grafts of Sitka spruce and hybrid larch species by stem injections of a mixture of gibberellic acid (GA4/7 – a hormone) in combination with drought and high temperature treatments (external factors).


Akbari, G., S. A. Mohammad, M. Sanavy and S. Yousefzadeh. (2007). Effect of Auxin and Salt stress (NaCl) on Seed Germination of Wheat Cultivars (Triticum aestivum). Parkistan Journal of Biological Science, 10: 2557-2561
Ali, I. R., H. Shamsul and A. Ahmad. (2007). Effect of 4-Cl-indole-3 acetic acid on the seed germination of Cicer arietium exposed to cadmium. Juornal of Plant Physiology, ACT. Botany, CROAT. 66: 1, page 57-65
Albacete, A. M., E. Ghanem, C. Martínez-Andújar, M. Acosta, J. Sánchez- Bravo, V. Martínez, S. Lutts, I. C. Dodd and F. Pérez-Alfocea. (2008).Hormonal changes in relation to biomass partitioning andshoot growth impairment in salinized tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) plants. Available on www. Retrieved on 22nd March, 2012.
Anderson, D. M. W. (1989). NFT gums: Ancient and modern commercial products. NFTA Highlight 89-01.
Benjamins, R and B. Scheres, (2008).Auxin: The Looping Star in Plant Development. Annual Review of Plant Biology, vol. 59.Pp. 443- 466.
Booth F.E.M., and G. E. Wickens. (1988). Non-timber Uses of Selected Arid zone Trees and Shrubs in Africa. Conservation Guide 19.FAO, Rome.

CSN Team.

Comments are closed.

Hey Hi

Don't miss this opportunity

Enter Your Details