Identification of The Sources Of Information That Nursing Students Access In Relation To Hiv And Aids

Filed in Articles by on November 11, 2022


HIV and AIDS Human Immuno Deficiency virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency syndrome respectively is one of the most devastating worldwide public health problems in recent history.

The United States Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that in 2006, 942,000 people in the United States had been diagnosed with Aids since the disease was identified in 1981. (the free

Ijezie, (2012) stated that HIV and AIDS are called pandemic instead of an epidemic because no country has escaped. It is not known where it started. It poses a great danger to the full realization of the potentials of all humankind.

It affects our religious, social, cultural, economic, and political development and is a threat to global peace, security, and order. World Health Organization, (WHO) (2016).stated that the Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV) infects cells of the immune system destroying or impairing their function.

Infection with the virus results in progressive deterioration of the immune system, leading to “Immune deficiency”. The immune system is considered deficient when it can no longer fulfill its role of fighting infection and diseases.

Infection associated with a severe immune deficiency is known as “opportunistic infection” because they take advantage of the weekend immune system. Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a term that applies to the most advanced stage of HIV infection.

Christian, (2017). stated thus, AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) is a syndrome caused by the virus HIV (Human Immuno Deficiency Virus).

The diseases i.e HIV alters the immune system making people more vulnerable to infection and diseases. This susceptibility worsens as the syndrome progresses. HIV is found throughout all the tissue of body fluid (semen, vaginal fluid, blood, and breast milk) of an affected person.

Mayo Foundation, (2015, july 2). said that Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a chronic, potentially life threatens condition caused by the Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) by damaging the immune system. HIV interferes with the body’s ability to fight the organism and cause diseases.

HIV is a sexually transmitted infection. It can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding without medication. It may take years before HIV weakens the immune system to the point that you have AIDS.


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