The Role of The Legislature in Policy Making Process

Filed in Articles by on December 8, 2022

 – The Role of The Legislature in Policy Making Process – 

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Long Military Rule in Nigeria, has made the Legislature, an infant arm of government compared to the executive and the judiciary which were functional even under the Military regimes for about three decades since independence in 1960.

The Legislature therefore, is a symbol of democracy, serves as the most salient dimension of democracy, and will be the litmus test for strength, sustainability and vitality of democratic governance in Nigeria.

The main aim of the study was to find out the level of involvement of the Legislature in policy making process.

In particular, it intended to find out the level of the involvement of the Legislature in budget making process, considering the infancy nature of the Legislature in Nigeria and its constitutional responsibility of controlling public funds and expenditures for the general development and wellbeing of the country and citizenry.


1.1        Background of the study

1.2        Statement of problem

1.3        Objective of the study

1.4        Research Hypotheses

1.5        Significance of the study

1.6        Scope and limitation of the study

1.7       Definition of terms

1.8       Organization of the study

Chapter Two


Chapter Three

3.0        Research methodology

3.1    sources of data collection

3.3        Population of the study

3.4        Sampling and sampling distribution

3.5        Validation of research instrument

3.6        Method of data analysis

Chapter Four


4.1 Introductions

4.2 Data analysis

Chapter Five

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Summary

5.3 Conclusion

5.4 Recommendation



Background of the study

In liberal political theory, the state exists to promote the welfare of its citizens and protect their lives and property. It is only in doing these things that it earns the loyalty of its citizens, and exact compliance without recourse to force.

Therefore, at a time of dwindling natural resources and unwanted population growth in the 21st Century, the responsibilities of a state or government in modern time have grown so enormous that it has to embark on conscious planning, decisions and policies for either short or long term period in order to ensure the welfare and wellbeing of its citizenry.

Hence, Government has the responsibility of mobilizing human and natural resources of the State and determines who gets what, how and when.

This explains why government today, is saddled with the tasks of planning, policy making, budgeting and their implementations. Public policy therefore, emanates undoubtedly from the responsibilities of the State to nurture and protect the aspirations and needs of citizens.

The arms of government involved in planning, policy making and budgetary processes are the executive and legislature in the democratic setting.


Anderson, B., and J.J. Minarik, 2006, “Design Choices for Fiscal Policy Rules,” Paper for OECD Working Party for Senior Budget Offi cials GOV/PGC/SBO (2006).

Anderson, Barry, 2008, “The Value of a Nonpartisan, Independent, Objective Analytic Unit to the Legislative Role in Budget Preparation,” Chapter 9 of Stapenhurst et al (op. cit.).

 Corbacho, A., and G. Schwartz, 2007, “Fiscal Responsibility Laws,” in Promoting Fiscal Discipline, ed. by T. Ter-Minassian and M. S. Kumar, pp. 58–77 (Washington: International Monetary Fund).

 Debrun, Xavier, David Hauner, and Manmohan Kumar, 2008, “Independent Fiscal Agencies,” Journal of Economic Surveys, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 44–81.

IMF, 2007, Manual on Fiscal Transparency. Available via the internet at: external/np/fad/trans/manual/index.htm.

 Johnson, John K., and Rick Stapenhurst, 2008, “Legislative Budget Offi ces: International Experience,” Chapter 10 of Stapenhurst et al (op. cit.). Kumar, Manmohan, and others, 2009, “

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